- Demographic history of Croatian Baranja
Early 16th century
During the Ottoman advances in the 16th and 17th centuries, there was a growing number of refugees from Serbia and Bosnia, Catholics and the Orthodox (Croats, Serbs, Vlachs, Montenegrins and others) entering Baranja. During the Habsburg-Ottoman wars, at the end of the 17th century, almost the entire Muslim population and a part of the Orthodox population, retreated, along with the Ottoman army. Nevertheless, some Croats, Hungarians and Orthodox settlers (especially Serbs) remained in the villages.
In 1711–1713, in the southern (Croatian) Baranja, ethnic composition was: 
(*) Total percent of South Slavs (Serbs and Croats/Šokci) in the area was 61%.
In 1721–1723, in the southern (Croatian) Baranja, ethnic composition was: 
(*) Total percent of South Slavs (Croats and Serbs) in the area was 54%.
In 1855, according to a religious population census in modern-day Croatian Baranja, there were 38,295 inhabitants in Baranja:
- 23,849 Roman Catholics (62.28%)
- 8,187 Calvinists (21.38%)
- 5,277 Eastern Orthodox (13.78%)
- 660 Reformists (1.72%)
- 322 Jews (0.84%)
According to Revai Lexicon (Volume II, p. 587) 1900, in the district of Branjin Vrh (whose borders roughly, but not entirely corresponded with southern, Croatian Baranja) there were 47,470 inhabitants. They include: 
- Hungarians = 17,325 (36.50%)
- Germans = 12,324 (25.96%)
- Croats = 11,198 (23.59%) (*)
- Serbs = 5,873 (12.37%) (*)
- Others = 750 (1.58%)
(*) Total number of South Slavs (Croats and Serbs) in the area was 17,071 (35.96%).
In 1910, the population of southern (present-day Croatian) part of Baranja numbered 50,797 people, of whom: 
- 20,134 (39.64%) spoke Hungarian language
- 13,908 (27.38%) spoke German language
- 7,913 (15.58%) spoke Serbian and Croatian language (*)
- some 7,400 (14.57%) spoke Šokac language (*)
(*) Total number of speakers of South Slavic languages (Serbian, Croatian, and Šokac) in Croatian Baranja was 15,313 (30.15%).
In 1920, in Yugoslav (now Croatian) Baranja, ethnic composition was: 
- Germans = 16,253 (32.9%)
- Hungarians = 14,636 (29.6%)
- Šokci, Bunjevci, and Croats = 8,822 (17.8%) (*)
- Serbs = 6,782 (13.7%) (*)
(*) Total number of South Slavs (Šokci, Bunjevci, Croats, Serbs) in the area was 15,604 (31.5%).
In 1921, there was a population of 49,694 in Yugoslav (now Croatian) Baranja, including: 
- Hungarians = 16,639 (33.5%)
- Germans = 15,955 (32.1%)
- Croats = 9,965 (20.0%) (*)
- Serbs = 6,782 (13.6%) (*)
- Other = 363 (0.7%)
(*) Total number of South Slavs (Croats and Serbs) in the area was 16,747 (33.7%).
According to another source, in 1921, the population of Yugoslav (now Croatian) Baranja numbered 49,452 people, of whom: 
- 16,638 (33.65%) spoke Hungarian language
- 16,253 (32.87%) spoke German language
- 15,604 (31.55%) spoke Serbo-Croatian language
In 1931, in the Yugoslav (now Croatian) Baranja, ethnic composition was: 
(*) Total percent of South Slavs (Serbs and Croats) in the area was 40.7%.
In 1944–1945, the population of the Yugoslav/Croatian Baranja numbered 34,610 people, including: 
- Hungarians = 12,666 (36.60%)
- Serbs = 9,750 (28.17%) (*)
- Croats (Šokci) = 7,788 (22.50%) (*)
- Germans = 3,673 (10.61%)
- Roma = 760 (2.20%)
- Slovenes = 249 (0.72%) (*)
- Slovaks = 60 (0.17%) (*)
- other Slavs = 72 (0.21%) (*)
(*) Total number of South Slavs (Serbs, Croats, Slovenes) in the area was 17,787 (51.39%), while total number of all Slavs was 17,919 (51.77%).
In 1961, the population of Yugoslav/Croatian Baranja numbered 56,087 inhabitants, including: 
In 1991, the population of Yugoslav/Croatian Baranja had 54,265 inhabitants, including: 
- 22,740 (41.91%) Croats
- 13,851 (25.52%) Serbs
- 8,956 (16.50%) Hungarians
- 4,265 (7.86%) Yugoslavs
- 4,453 (8.21%) others
According to another source, in 1991, the population of Yugoslav/Croatian Baranja included: 
- 19,310 Croats
- 12,857 Serbs
- 9,920 Hungarians
- about 12,000 others (including Slovenes, Albanians, Germans, etc).
- 23,485 (59.41%) Serbs
- 7,689 (19.48%) Croats
- 6,926 (17.54%) Hungarians
- 490 (1.24%) Yugoslavs
- 919 (2.33%) others
In 2001, the population of Croatian Baranja numbered 42,633 inhabitants, including: 
- ^ http://www.hic.hr/books/seeurope/008e-srsan.htm#top
- ^ http://www.hic.hr/books/seeurope/008e-srsan.htm#top
- ^ a b c d Dr. Tomislav Bogavac, Nestajanje Srba, Niš, 1994.
- ^ Jovan Pejin, Kolonizacija Hrvata na srpskoj zemlji u Sremu, Slavoniji i Baranji, Sremska Mitrovica, 1992.
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