Notice


Notice

Notice is the legal concept in which a party is made aware of a legal process affecting their rights, obligations or duties. There are several types of notice: public notice (or legal notice), actual notice, constructive notice, and implied notice.

Service of process

At common law, notice is the fundamental principle in service of process. In this case, the service of process puts the defendant "on notice" of the allegations contained within a criminal defendant to be notified of the charges and their grounds.

If a court bases personal jurisdiction over an out-of-state or foreign defendant on a long-arm statute, the court must carefully select a means of notifying the defendant to comply with the notice requirement of due process. Sometimes this is done by serving agents of the defendant located within the state. Because out-of-state defendants can't always be located easily, some state or local laws may allow for selication. An example of this would be printing a notice of the lawsuit in a newspaper published where the defendant is believed to reside. Because the failure of a defendant to appear in court results in a default judgment against him, such measures must be sufficiently calculated to give actual notice to the defendant to satisfy due process.

In the core case setting forth constitutional notice requirements, the U.S. Supreme Court held that notice must be "reasonably calculated, under all the circumstances, to apprise interested parties of the pendency of the action and afford them an opportunity to present their objections." Moreover, defendants must be notified by the "best practical means" available.

Notice and knowledge

Many statutes include that the accused knowingly have acted in violation. When a party is "put on notice" that they are in violation, continued action in violation may be sufficient to evidence knowledge.

See also


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  • notice — no·tice 1 n 1 a: a notification or communication of a fact, claim, demand, or proceeding see also process, service ◇ The requirements of when, how, and what notice must be given to a person are often prescribed by a statute, rule, or contract. b …   Law dictionary

  • notice — no‧tice [ˈnəʊts ǁ ˈnoʊ ] noun 1. [uncountable] information or a warning about something that is going to happen: • These rules are subject to change without notice (= no notice needs to be given ) . • Either party may terminate the contract with …   Financial and business terms

  • notice — [ nɔtis ] n. f. • XIIIe « connaissance de quelque chose »; lat. notitia « connaissance », en bas lat. « registre, liste » 1 ♦ (1721) Préface d un livre dans laquelle l éditeur présente succinctement l auteur et l œuvre. Notice de l éditeur. 2 ♦… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Notice Me — Single by Sandeé from the album Only Time Will Tell Released 1 …   Wikipedia

  • notice — ► NOUN 1) attention; observation. 2) advance notification or warning. 3) a formal declaration of one s intention to end an agreement, typically one concerning employment or tenancy. 4) a displayed sheet or placard giving news or information. 5) a …   English terms dictionary

  • notice — [nōt′is] n. [LME < MFr < L notitia < notus: see NOTE] 1. information, announcement, or warning; esp., formal announcement or warning, as in a newspaper [a legal notice] 2. a brief mention or critical review of a work of art, book, play,… …   English World dictionary

  • Notice — No tice, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Noticed}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Noticing}.] 1. To observe; to see; to mark; to take note of; to heed; to pay attention to. [1913 Webster] 2. To show that one has observed; to take public note of; remark upon; to make… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Notice — No tice, n. [F., fr. L. notitia a being known, knowledge, fr. noscere, notum, to know. See {Know}.] 1. The act of noting, remarking, or observing; observation by the senses or intellect; cognizance; note. [1913 Webster] How ready is envy to… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • notice — [n1] observation apprehension, attention, care, cognizance, concern, consideration, ear, grasp, heed, mark, mind, note, observance, regard, remark, respect, thought, understanding; concepts 34,532 Ant. heedlessness, ignorance, neglect notice [n2] …   New thesaurus

  • notice — Notice. s. f. Terme qui n est en usage qu en parlant de certains Livres qui sont faits pour donner une connoissance particuliere des lieux, des chemins, d un Royaume, d une Province, d un Pays. La Notice de l Empire …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie française

  • notice — vb remark, observe, note, perceive, discern, *see, behold, descry, espy, view, survey, contemplate Analogous words: recognize, *acknowledge: *refer, advert, allude Contrasted words: ignore, slight, overlook, disregard, *neglect …   New Dictionary of Synonyms