Declaration on Masonic Associations


Declaration on Masonic Associations

The Declaration on Masonic Associations is a declaration by the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith re-iterating the prohibition of Catholics from joining Masonic organizations. Its Latin title is Declaratio de associationibus massonici. The document states that Catholics who join Masonic organizations are in a state of grave sin and may not receive Holy Communion. It was issued in 1983 by the prefect of the congregation, Joseph Cardinal Ratzinger, who became Pope Benedict XVI on April 19, 2005.

Contents

History of Canon Law regarding Freemasonry

Catholic canon law has forbidden membership in Masonic organizations since 1738, with Pope Clement XII's papal bull In Eminenti.[1] Later popes continued to ban Masonic membership through the eighteenth- and nineteenth-centuries. When canon law was codified into the 1917 Code of Canon Law, these existing prohibitions were preserved in the code, especially in Can 2335. The 1917 code forbids Catholics, under the penalty of excommunication, to enroll in Masonic or other similar associations.

Can 2335: Affiliation With Masonic or Similar Societies. Those who join a Masonic sect or other societies of the same sort, which plot against the Church or against legitimate civil authority, incur ipso facto an excommunication simply reserved to the Holy See. [p. 924.]

The 1983 Code of Canon Law superseded the 1917 Code. Specific mention of Masonry was omitted from the new code. Membership in organizations that "plot against the Church", however, is prohibited.

Can. 1374. A person who joins an association which plots against the Church is to be punished with a just penalty; one who promotes or takes office in such an association is to be punished with an interdict.[2]

In the 1917 code, Masonry was specifically mentioned, but in the 1983 code it was not. Since the new canon law did not specifically mention Masonry, any issues or questions about Roman Catholics with Masonic associations were clarified by this document, which states, "...the Church’s negative judgment in regard to Masonic association[s] remains unchanged since their principles have always been considered irreconcilable with the doctrine of the Church and therefore membership in them remains forbidden. The faithful who enroll in Masonic associations are in a state of grave sin and may not receive Holy Communion."

Further analysis

For an analysis of how Bishops investigated Masonry and some their findings, please see Letter to U.S. Bishops Concerning Masonry dated April 19, 1985 by Cardinal Bernard Law.

See also

References

Notes

Sources


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Quaesitum est — is a declaration by the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith forbidding Catholics from joining Masonic organizations. If they do so, they are in a state of grave sin and may not receive Holy Communion. It was issued in 1983 by the prefect… …   Wikipedia

  • Christianity and Freemasonry — Part of a series of articles on Freemasonry Core Articles Freemasonry · Grand Lodge · Masonic Lodge · Masonic Lodge Officers · Grand Master · Prince Hall Freemasonry · Regular Masonic jurisdictions · Continental F …   Wikipedia

  • Freemasonry — Freemasons redirects here. For other uses, see Freemasons (disambiguation). Masonic redirects here. For the ghost town in California, see Masonic, California. The Masonic Square and Compasses. (Found with or without the letter G) …   Wikipedia

  • Clarification concerning status of Catholics becoming Freemasons — The Clarification concerning status of Catholics becoming Freemasons was a February 1981 letter from the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith under Cardinal Seper reiterating the Church s prohibition on Catholics becoming Freemasons. The… …   Wikipedia

  • Масонство — Эта статья относится к конфликтной теме Масонство. Данный конфликт разбирался Арбитражным комитетом в решении по заявке АК:614. Новым участникам, прежде чем вносить смелые правки, желательно изучить указания и рекомендации Арбитражного комитета,… …   Википедия

  • Масонство и христианство — Масонство Масонство …   Википедия

  • Masonry (Freemasonry) —     Masonry (Freemasonry)     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Masonry (Freemasonry)     The subject is treated under the following heads:     I. Name and Definition;     II. Origin and Early History;     III. Fundamental Principles and Spirit;     IV.… …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Catholicism and Freemasonry — The Roman Catholic Church has long been an outspoken critic of Freemasonry, and has continually prohibited members from being Freemasons since In Eminenti Specula in 1739. Since the early 1700s, the Vatican has issued several papal bulls… …   Wikipedia

  • France — • Geography, statistics, and history Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. France     France     † …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Age of Enlightenment — Age of Reason redirects here. For other uses, see Age of Reason (disambiguation) …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.