M is the thirteenth letter of the modern
Latin alphabet. Its name in English is spelled em (pronEng|ɛm). ["M" "Oxford English Dictionary," 2nd edition (1989); "Merriam-Webster's Third New International Dictionary of the English Language, Unabridged" (1993); "em," op. cit.]
The letter M derives its shape from the Phoenician
Mem, via the Greek Mu (Μ, μ). Semitic Mem probably originally pictured water. It is known that Semitic people working in Egypt c. 2000 BC borrowed a hieroglyph for Water that was first used for an alveolar nasal(IPA|/n/, because of the Egyptian word for Water, "n-t". This same symbol became used for M in Semitic, because their word for water began with that sound.
The letter M represents the
bilabial nasal consonantsound, IPA2|m, in Classical languages as well as the modern languages. The Oxford English Dictionary(first edition) says that 'm' is sometimes a vowelin words like "spasm" and in the suffix "-ism". In modern terminology, this would be described as a syllabic consonant— IPA IPA| [m̩] .
Codes for computing
Unicodethe capital M is codepoint U+004D and the lower casem is U+006D.
ASCIIcode for capital M is 77 and for lowercase m is 109; or in binary 01001101 and 01101101, correspondingly.
EBCDICcode for capital M is 212 and for lowercase m is 148.
numeric character references in HTMLand XMLare "&#77;" and "&#109;" for upper and lower case respectively.
Meanings of M
af:M als:M ar:M arc:M ast:M az:M zh-min-nan:M bs:M bg:M ca:M cs:M co:M cy:M da:M de:M et:M el:M es:M eo:M eu:M fa:M fur:M gan:M gd:M gl:M ko:M hr:M ilo:M is:M it:M he:M ka:M kw:M sw:M ht:M la:M lv:M lt:M hu:M mzn:M ms:M nah:M ja:M nn:M nrm:M pl:M pt:M ro:M qu:M se:M scn:M simple:M sk:M sl:M fi:M sv:M tl:M th:M vi:M vo:M yo:M zh-yue:M bat-smg:M zh:M
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