Jump blues


Jump blues

Infobox Music genre
name=Jump blues
bgcolor=#0000E1
color=white
stylistic_origins=Blues, big band
cultural_origins=
instruments=saxophone, brass instruments, rhythm guitar, acoustic bass, drums
popularity=United States, 1940s to early 1950s
derivatives=
subgenrelist=
subgenres=
fusiongenres=Rock music, Rock and roll
other_topics=

Jump blues is a type of up-tempo blues music influenced by big band sound. It is characterized by a jazzy, saxophone (or brass instruments) sound, driving rhythms and shouted, highly syncopated vocals and earthy, comedic lyrics on contemporary urban themes. Unlike most other types of blues, the jump blues relegates the guitar to the rhythm section.

Before known as "Jump Blues", this form of music was known as "Blues and Rhythm", then "Rhythm and Blues". The jump blues first appeared in the late 1930s, and was enormously popular in the Forties and early Fifties through artists such as Louis Jordan, Big Joe Turner and Wynonie Harris, who were among the first black artists to achieve significant commercial and chart success outside the confines of the segregated "race" (R&B) market.

It usually features a vocalist in front of a large, horn-driven orchestra or medium-sized combo with multiple horns, the style is earmarked by a driving rhythm, intensely shouted vocals, and honking tenor saxophone solos — all of those very elements a precursor to rock & roll. The lyrics are almost always celebratory in nature, full of braggadocio and swagger. Jump blues was the bridge between the older styles of blues — primarily those in a small band context — and the big band jazz sound of the 1940s.

Jump blues was an early manifestation of what became the classic rock and roll style of the mid-Fifties. It was revived in the 1980s by artists such as Joe Jackson and Brian Setzer and continues today with bands like "MoPac and The Blue Suburbans" and "Mitch Woods and His Rocket 88s". Contemporary swing bands such as Lavay Smith, Steve Lucky & The Rhumba Bums Featuring Miss Carmen Getit and Stompy Jones also include many classic Jump Blues numbers in their repertoire, and write original songs in this style as well. (See also Swing Revival.)

ee also

*African American music
*Billy Wright
*Big Joe Turner
*Pat Benatar
*Roomful of Blues
*Jackie Brenston
*Jimmy Liggins
*Louis Jordan
*Louis Prima
*Ruth Brown
*LaVern Baker
*Wynonie Harris
*Roy Brown
*Jimmy McCracklin
*Jimmy Nelson
*Joe Liggins
*Smiley Lewis
*Atomic Fireballs
*Lavay Smith
*Steve Lucky & The Rhumba Bums Featuring Miss Carmen Getit
*Stompy Jones

External links

* Lindy Hop [http://www.savoystyle.com/ Style of Dancing used with Jump Blues]
* Swing and Jump Blues Guitar [http://www.swingblues.com/swing.htm Jump Blues Guitar]
* Short History of Jump Blues [http://thebigheat.net/aboutjumpblues.html The Big Heat]


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