Dark Reign (comics)

Dark Reign (comics)
"Dark Reign"

Cover to Secret Invasion: Dark Reign.
Art by Alex Maleev.
Publisher Marvel Comics
Publication date December 2008 – December 2009


Main character(s) Dark Avengers
The Cabal
The Mighty Avengers
New Avengers
Creative team
Writer(s) Brian Michael Bendis
Artist(s) Alex Maleev

"Dark Reign" is a 2008–2009 crossover comic book storyline published by Marvel Comics. It deals with the aftermath of the "Secret Invasion" storyline, which led to a shift of power in the Marvel Universe toward Norman Osborn.[1][2][3] The title "Dark Reign" refers to Osborn's rise to national power and the ramifications thereof.[4] Joe Quesada, then-editor-in-chief of Marvel Comics, stated that "Dark Reign" is not really "an event; it's what's happening in the Marvel Universe." He believes that "'Dark Reign' leads to an interesting place in the Marvel Universe. I think you'll see a pulling back at the end of 'Dark Reign', but you'll understand at the end of it what we were trying to get to."[4]


Publication history

The "Dark Reign" storyline began with the release of the Secret Invasion: Dark Reign one-shot, written by Brian Michael Bendis and with art by Alex Maleev, in December 2008. It then continued in a number of standalone mini-series and some individual issues of ongoing Marvel Comics titles throughout 2009. Selected ongoing Marvel titles were temporarily renamed to highlight their involvement in the event.[5]

Initial promotional images for the storyline included a series of "We Lost, They Won" images showing a severed robotic head of Iron Man, Emma Frost holding Cyclops's blood-covered visor, the second Captain America bowing to Norman Osborn's Iron Patriot form, Daken's Wolverine form looking down, Thor motionless on Loki's female form, Venom's Spider-Man appearance defeating Spider-Man, Henry Pym's Wasp alias (with Wasp's picture in the background), and the Green Goblin (which quotes that "He won").

There is no core limited series as there was in the preceding "Secret Invasion" event. Instead, the storyline is made up of one-shots that help fill in the gaps, limited series exploring the effect of the event on teams and individuals, as well as tie-ins with other ongoing series. The main storyline led into the 2010 "Siege" crossover event, although some plot elements are ongoing.


Following the Skrull invasion of Earth during "Secret Invasion", Norman Osborn leveraged his success in defeating the Skrulls to replace Tony Stark as director of S.H.I.E.L.D. Deadpool played a large part in this, as he was supposed to send the information on how to kill the Skrull Queen to Nick Fury. An error occurred during the process and the information went to Osborn, suggesting subterfuge on Osborn's part. Osborn killed the queen and became the director of S.H.I.E.L.D., which he replaced with H.A.M.M.E.R.[6] Osborn simultaneously formed an alliance called the Cabal with Doctor Doom, Emma Frost, Namor, Loki, and the Hood. He used H.A.M.M.E.R. to carry out his own agenda and, at times, the Cabal's. However, Osborn's actions and his reputation influenced a number of heroes and villains to attempt to resist Osborn's rule and remove him from power, by force if necessary.[7]

Main characters

  • Norman Osborn is the former Green Goblin and central focus of "Dark Reign". He is featured in most of the ongoing series and mini-series linked to the "Dark Reign" storyline. Brian Bendis notes that "people know he's a bastard, but ignore it as long he gives them safety."[8] The character is shown as willing to destroy anything that would threaten his new status as public hero. Writer Matt Fraction has commented that as the Iron Patriot, he is a "showman in armor". Osborn keeps the more volatile members of the Cabal in line with a "secret weapon" which is revealed to be the Void.[9] Across multiple titles, the character is shown to have retained his mental instability from his days as the Goblin.[10][11][12]
  • The Hood is featured heavily during the "Dark Reign" storyline in both New Avengers and Punisher. In the first, writer Brian Bendis explored the character's relationship with Dormammu and his quest to become the new Sorcerer Supreme. Rick Remender, writer of Punisher, focused more on his activities as a gangster and criminal. During the event, the character also features in the Dark Reign: The Hood mini-series, written by Jeff Parker, and has a major role in Marvel Zombies 4. Writer Fred Van Lente explains that, "The Hood, of course, may not be acting of his own volition, since he has an unholy alliance with the Dread Dormammu, who may want the zombies and the virus that creates them for his own nefarious purposes. Plus, the Hood doesn't just bring any group of villains with him on this jaunt. He brings a very horror-oriented group of villains with him." This group is the Night Shift.[13]
  • Doctor Doom hopes to use the Cabal to conquer the world and, aided by his ally Namor, seize power when Osborn implodes, preferring to consider the Cabal as an association rather than as partners. A short story written by Jonathan Hickman[14] reveals that he plans to kill or enslave all of his current Cabal allies in the near future. Doom is shown almost killing the Black Panther when he rejects a chair in the Cabal.[15] Doom also uses Latveria to house the Asgardians as part of an agreement with Loki, which allowed them to get rid of Thor. However, Doom has made it clear that he neither trusts Loki[16] nor Namor,[17] but merely finds them useful for his own designs. In Siege: The Cabal, Doom leaves the Cabal after one of his Doombot duplicates he sent in his place is attacked by Osborn's secret weapon.
  • Loki is often written as a great manipulator. He uses Osborn's help to make Thor kill Bor (Odin's father), and cause Thor's banishment.[18] Then, with Doom's help, Loki realizes his plan of taking the throne of Asgard. However, during Chthon's attack on Earth, Loki, disguised as the Scarlet Witch, gathers a new Mighty Avengers team, which defeats the evil god.[19] Loki has since subtly manipulated them to endanger Osborn's mental state and quicken his fall.[11]
  • Namor has possibly the smallest role in the Cabal, appearing mostly in titles written by Matt Fraction. Fraction shows him as a warrior with great pride, and builds a sexual relationship between him and Emma Frost. Namor becomes one of the leaders of the Dark X-Men, as shown in Fraction's Uncanny X-Men as well as their own "Dark Reign" tie-in series. Namor was written as a loyal member of the Cabal until "Utopia", where he and Emma Frost betrayed Osborn and helped the X-Men create their own island.
  • Emma Frost wants the mutant community to have a position of power in Osborn's new world order. Matt Fraction has written a number of stories which indicate her relationship with Cyclops has suffered because of secrets they keep from each other. Frost and Namor become the leaders of the Dark X-Men. She helps lead the Dark X-Men until the regular X-Men are captured. She and Namor turn against Osborn and help establish the Utopia island. During a battle with the Dark Avengers, Frost uses her telepathy to defeat the Sentry by taking part of the Void into herself and frightening him away. Until recently, she had to remain in her diamond form in order to keep the Void trapped.
  • Ms. Victoria Hand was a former S.H.I.E.L.D. Business Affairs Operative. She is now Osborn's Deputy Director of H.A.M.M.E.R. Osborn has given her a list of jobs for building "a new world peacekeeping task force from scratch," including, but not limited to: creating an acronym for H.A.M.M.E.R., writing a full report on the Fifty State Initiative, and stripping down and rebuilding Camp Hammond. Osborn calls her "my eyes and ears and mouth," and names her his second-in-command over his team of Avengers. She is sent by Osborn himself to take on Bruce Banner and his son, Skaar, where she shows great battle skills.


There are a number of one-shots which helped the transition from "Secret Invasion" and filled in other details behind the main storyline.

Dark Reign: The Cabal

Written by Rick Remender, Jonathan Hickman, Matt Fraction, Kieron Gillen, and Peter Milligan, this one-shot features five vignettes that provide further information about the motivations of the members of the Cabal.

It is reprinted in the Siege Prelude trade paperback.

Dark Reign: Made Men

Written by Frank Tieri, this one-shot features vignettes that explore the impact of Osborn's rise, such as Attuma's resurrection, the appearance of the new Enforcer, the return of the original Spymaster, and the appearance of a new Jack O'Lantern.[20]

M.O.D.O.K.: Reign Delay

This story was written and drawn by Ryan Dunlavey and shows M.O.D.O.K.'s attempt to take over his home town Erie, Pennsylvania. It was serialized on Marvel Digital Comics before being collected as a one-shot.[21]

Ongoing titles

Some Marvel ongoing series tie into the storyline, while others have used the event as a springboard to launch the series.

Agents of Atlas

The Agents of Atlas decide to oppose Osborn's agenda by taking on the role of "supervillains". Their first act is to attack Fort Knox and steal the gold reserve, which Osborn planned on using to finance a secret weapons system.[22]

Dark Avengers

Written by Brian Bendis, the series chronicles the aftermath of the U.S. government's disbanding of the federally sanctioned superhero team, the Avengers, and its reconstruction under the control of Norman Osborn. Their first mission was to save Doctor Doom and Latveria from Morgan le Fay.

Deadpool and the Thunderbolts

During "Secret Invasion", Osborn steals information that Deadpool had stolen from the Skrulls.[23] The story "How Low Can You Go?"[24] deals with the fallout from that, as writer Daniel Way explains: "The first thing Osborn does to try and take care of the situation is to bring in a hired gun to take Deadpool down, which would be Tiger-Shark. That would be the standard thing to do, but of course everything about Deadpool is non-standard. So it goes completely awry and Norman has to to get more serious about things."[25] The story also sees the return of Bob, Agent of HYDRA. "I don't want the book to become 'Deadpool and Friends', so characters will drift in and out, but Bob was someone I definitely wanted to bring in. It just had to be at the perfect moment and when I was putting this storyline together that moment presented itself."[25] This all leads directly to a confrontation with the new Thunderbolts team (now composed of black ops mercenaries) in "Magnum Opus", which crosses over between Deadpool (vol. 2) #8–9 and Thunderbolts #130–131.[25] According to Thunderbolts writer Andy Diggle, "It's a natural progression for Deadpool to go after Norman, and for Norman to send his personal hit-squad after Deadpool."[26] In Deadpool (vol. 2) #10, Osborn discovers that the Thunderbolts failed to kill Deadpool, so he sends Bullseye, posing as Hawkeye, to kill him. However, Bullseye also fails twice, and then pays Deadpool the money Osborn owed so his life would be spared. The Thunderbolts recruit several new members as assassins, including Nuke, Ant-Man, and Grizzly.

Secret Warriors

This series, co-plotted by Brian Bendis with Jonathan Hickman writing,[27][28][29] was launched as part of the "Dark Reign" storyline.[30] Following their introduction in the "Secret Invasion" tie-in issues of The Mighty Avengers, Fury and the Secret Warriors discover that S.H.I.E.L.D. has been controlled by HYDRA since its creation, and set out to defeat both HYDRA and Norman Osborn's H.A.M.M.E.R.

Limited series

There are a number of "Dark Reign" limited series looking at the impact of the storyline on specific characters and groups.

Dark Reign: Elektra

A five-issue limited series written by Zeb Wells with artwork by Clay Mann, the series explores the reaction of the world to the return of Elektra in the aftermath of the "Secret Invasion".[31]

Dark Reign: Fantastic Four

A five-issue limited series, written by Jonathan Hickman, explores the impact of an assault by H.A.M.M.E.R. on the Baxter Building and the team it houses.[32][33]

Dark Reign: Hawkeye

Written by Andy Diggle and drawn by Tom Raney, this five-issue limited series follows the adventures of Bullseye in his identity as Dark Avengers member Hawkeye. The writer notes that the premise of the series is, "What happens when you hide that behind a hero mask? And what happens when the public is only allowed to see the hero mask, and not the monster behind it?"[34][35]

Dark Reign: Lethal Legion

Written by Frank Tieri with art by Mateus Santolouco,[36] the story shows Grim Reaper assembling a new Lethal Legion to combat Osborn and his rule. Writer Tieri notes that, "They don't care who's in charge. They don't trust Norman, and they're not buying his talk. Not for a minute. Obviously that will bring them into conflict with Norman and the Dark Avengers."[20]

Dark Reign: Mister Negative

A three-issue mini-series written by Fred Van Lente about a gang-war between Cabal member The Hood and Spider-Man foe Mister Negative.[37] The series reveals more about the character, something creator Dan Slott had planned. Van Lente says, "One of the major subplots of the book is Betty Brant, who in the 'New Ways to Die' arc of The Amazing Spider-Man was assigned the job of digging up as much dirt as she possibly could on Martin Li... She's continuing that investigation in the Mister Negative series and inadvertently digs closer and closer to his actual origin and her life will be put in jeopardy as a result."[38]

Dark Reign: The Sinister Spider-Man

A four-issue mini-series by writer Brian Reed and artist Chris Bachalo.[39] On the genesis of the series, the writer notes, "The whole Marvel Universe thinks Spider-Man is living in Avengers Tower, when it's really Mac Gargan, who has a long history as a sociopath."[40]

Dark Reign: Young Avengers

A five-issue mini-series by writer Paul Cornell[41][42] and artist Mark Brooks,[43] offered to Cornell based on the strength of his previous Young Avengers Presents story,[41] which focused on Vision and Stature.[44]

Following the events in "Secret Invasion", the Young Avengers team heals the splits caused by the "Civil War", but find themselves fighting an even younger team. According to Cornell, "This is a story about what happens when the next generation come along, and suddenly you aren't the new young thing... There's this group of new super heroes (?) who call themselves the Young Masters. They're young rebels on the run from the establishment, feared and hated by a world they've sworn to protect."[41] This team is made up of Melter II, Enchantress II, Executioner II, Big Zero, Coat of Arms, and Egghead II.[43][45] Cornell said, "This is about what happens when a bunch of kids follow Osborn's lead, decide the world is hard and needs hard heroes."[42]

Dark Reign: Zodiac

A three-issue mini-series by Joe Casey and Nathan Fox.[46][47][48] The series follows the adventures of a villain known as Zodiac (who kills the members of the criminal organization of the same name) and gathers a group of villains around him to take on Norman Osborn.

Skrull Kill Krew

A five-issue limited series written by Adam Felber, in which the original team is brought back together to fight the descendants of the original Cow-Skrulls.[49]

Dark Reign: The List

More of a collection of one-shots dealing with different characters in the Marvel Universe who are hunted by Osborn, The List sets the status quo for many books.[citation needed] Every story also contains a back-up feature.

  • Avengers was written by Brian Michael Bendis and Marko Djurdjevic. After the events of "Utopia", Clint Barton (Ronin), enraged that Osborn has been able to continue his rule despite his best efforts, decides to storm Avengers Tower and kill Osborn himself. After throwing Venom out the window and shooting Bullseye (who took his place as Hawkeye) five times, Barton confronts Moonstone and Daken. After killing Daken and using a security force field to eliminate Moonstone, Clint storms Osborn's lab and begins shooting him, but Osborn had used a Life Model Decoy. Ares knocks Clint out with one punch and Osborn then arrests him.[50] This issue gives a lettered preview of The List - Daredevil and an unlettered preview of The List - X-Men.
  • Daredevil was written by Andy Diggle and Billy Tan. After a group of black-clad ninjas kill a group of crooked cops and lawyers, Osborn turns his attention to the Hand and their new leader, Daredevil. Sending Bullseye out in his old suit along with H.A.M.M.E.R. agents, Bullseye and Daredevil clash. The two duel until they make it to the top of a condemned building that is about to be demolished. Bullseye announces that the building will be destroyed, but the 107 people inside refuse to leave. When Daredevil does not help the people, the building explodes and kills all of the people. Bullseye then retreats and Daredevil is shocked. It turns out later that the ninjas were led by Lady Bullseye and the Kingpin, and were used to set up Daredevil.[51] This issue contains a preview of Daredevil #501.
  • Uncanny X-Men was written by Matt Fraction and Alan Davis. After Emma Frost and Namor's betrayal, Osborn decides to send Namor's former lover, Marrina Smallwood, to kill the Atlanteans. After Smallwood's attack, the X-Men sense her approach and Iceman freezes all of the water with Psylocke's help. The X-Men then attack Marrina, and Namor eventually kills her. He throws her head into Avengers Tower and threatens to kill Osborn for what he has done.[52] This issue contains "Dead Man Walking", Matt Fraction's first story at Marvel Comics.
  • Secret Warriors was written by Jonathan Hickman and Ed McGuiness. Nick Fury goes to the Avengers Tower and walks into Osborn's office after Ares lets him in. Osborn tries to frighten Fury by showing him his List (which contains: Neutralize Clint Barton; Eliminate Daredevil; Kill Namor; Kill Nick Fury; Neutralize Bruce Banner; Kill Frank Castle; Control "The World"; Kill Spider-Man), but Fury laughs it off because he has made one of his own (whose items are: Save the world; Punch Norman in the face; Have a beer). He tells Osborn that he needs to take a man named Seth Waters into custody, a former S.H.I.E.L.D. agent funneling money into various accounts such as that of a group called Leviathan. Osborn interrogates Waters before Bullseye tortures him. After Fury gets what he needs, a data retrieval device, his partner Garrett shoots Waters; Fury punches Osborn in the face; and the two escape with the device. Ares throws off the choppers pursuing them to let them escape. Fury opens the device to reveal that HYDRA is a part of Leviathan, or Zodiac.[53] This issue contains "Today Earth Dies", a reprint of a Nick Fury story first published in Strange Tales #168.
  • Hulk was written by Greg Pak and Ben Oliver. In order to get rid of Bruce Banner and his son Skaar, Osborn sends a heavily-armed Victoria Hand and Moonstone to attack the duo. Bruce manages to find a way around everything the Hand throws at him, but one thing happens that he does not expect: during the battle, Bruce is exposed to Gamma radiation that will eventually turn him back into the Hulk. The Hand and Moonstone are defeated, but they succeed in their task: ensuring Bruce will turn into the Hulk and that Skaar will be there to fight him, hopefully leading to them killing each other. Bruce tells Skaar that when he turns into the Hulk, Skaar must be prepared to kill him.[54] This issue contains a reprint of Amazing Spider-Man #14.
  • Punisher was written by Rick Remender and John Romita, Jr. Following repeated failed attempts to kill Frank Castle, Osborn sends Daken and a platoon of H.A.M.M.E.R. troops to complete the mission. After a bloody round of hand-to-hand combat, Daken dismembers and decapitates Castle before kicking his remains from a rooftop. Castle's body parts are collected and spirited away by Moloids, seemingly operating under the protection of Man-Thing.[55] This issue contains a preview of Punisher #11.
  • Wolverine was written by Jason Aaron and Esad Ribic. During his tenure as leader of H.A.M.M.E.R., Osborn tries to take control of the World and the Weapon Plus creations. Wolverine and Noh-Varr head to the World to try to stop Osborn, but are soon attacked by a large army of Weapon Plus creations infected by Allgod (Weapon XVI), the living religion. Noh-Varr is rescued by Fantomex, who admits he should have kept an eye on the World, and the two of them make their way to the World's brain (now a sentient being) where they are confronted by the Allgod drones, Wolverine included. Noh-Varr is able to disarm Allgod by kissing the World's brain, thus showing it some compassion, and disabling Allgod. Immediately after this, Wolverine regains his senses and the three of them defeat Osborn's invading army of Deathlok prototypes. Fantomex then uses a shrink-ray he reportedly stole from Doctor Doom to shrink the World and take it for his own.[56] This issue contains Jason Aaron’s never-before-reprinted first Wolverine story, from Wolverine (first series) #175.
  • Spider-Man was written by Dan Slott and Adam Kubert. Peter Parker teams-up with several other members of the Front Line to expose Osborn as the maniac he truly is. As Spider-Man, he breaks into Osborn's lab and downloads a video showing Osborn using a live human being as a test subject. However, he is caught by Osborn, who was already planning on killing Spider-Man as the last item on his List. Spider-Man escapes, with Osborn chasing him as the Iron Patriot. After a long battle in which Spider-Man is assaulted by his former fans, now adamantly defending Iron Patriot, he is able to damage the Iron Patriot Uni-Beam, whose star-shape was already structurally unsound. While Osborn recovers from the attack, Spider-Man is able to change back into Peter Parker. As Parker, he is then able to upload the video to all his friends online, who are all either involved in the media or tech-savvy. When Osborn confronts him, prepared to kill him, Parker states that as a taxpaying American citizen that has not broken any laws, Osborn has no legal ground to assault him. Osborn storms off to attempt to suppress the spread of Parker's video, claiming he has added another name to his List: Peter Parker.[57] This issue contains the story from The Pulse #5 outing Norman Osborn as the Green Goblin to the world.


As of November 2009, the following issues are announced as being part of "Dark Reign":[30]

Involved, but not listed[citation needed]


Starting in January 2010, Norman Osborn's reign comes to an end in the "Siege" story arc, which details Osborn's invasion of Asgard and the reunion of the Avengers. This then leads into a new era, called The Heroic Age.[88]

See also

  • List of events of the Marvel Universe


  1. ^ "Getting Dark: Brian Bendis on Dark Avengers & Dark Reign". Newsarama. September 29, 2008. http://www.newsarama.com/comics/090829-BendisDarkAvengers.html. 
  2. ^ "Marvel Announces 'Dark Reign' at Diamond Retailer Summit". Newsarama. September 9, 2008. http://www.newsarama.com/comics/080909-marvel-diamond-summit.html. 
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  6. ^ Brian Michael Bendis (w), Mike Deodato (p), Mike Deodato (i). "Secret Invasion: Dark Reign" Dark Avengers 1 (January 2009), Marvel Comics
  7. ^ Brian Michael Bendis (w), Alex Maleev (p), Dean White (i). "Secret Invasion: Dark Reign" Secret Invasion: Dark Reign 1 (December 2008), Marvel Comics
  8. ^ Wizard Magazine #210 (April 2009)
  9. ^ Wizard Magazine #212 (June 2009)
  10. ^ Secret Invasion: Dark Reign (February 2009)
  11. ^ a b The Mighty Avengers #24 (June 2009)
  12. ^ Thunderbolts #131 (June 2009)
  13. ^ Richards, Dave (March 20, 2009). "Fred Van Lente Talks 'Marvel Zombies 4'". Comic Book Resources. http://www.comicbookresources.com/?page=article&id=20497. Retrieved April 11, 2009. 
  14. ^ Dark Reign: The Cabal (June 2009)
  15. ^ Black Panther (vol. 5) #2 (May 2009)
  16. ^ Thor #603 (November 2009)
  17. ^ Dark Reign: Made Men (digital comics) #1 (April 2009)
  18. ^ Thor #600 (April 2009)
  19. ^ The Mighty Avengers #21-23 (March – May 2009)
  20. ^ a b c Schedeen, Jesse (February 9, 2009). "Dark Reign Creates Made Men". IGN. http://comics.ign.com/articles/952/952560p1.html. Retrieved May 6, 2009. 
  21. ^ a b Parkin, JK (June 5, 2009). "Talking with Ryan Dunlavey about M.O.D.O.K.". Comic Book Resources. http://robot6.comicbookresources.com/2009/06/talking-with-ryan-dunlavey-about-modok/. Retrieved June 6, 2009. 
  22. ^ Dark Reign: New Nation (February 2009)
  23. ^ Deadpool (vol. 2) #3 (December 2008)
  24. ^ Deadpool (vol. 2) #6-7 (March – April 2009)
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  27. ^ a b "WW Chicago: Hickman and Bendis on 'Secret Warriors'". Comic Book Resources. June 29, 2008. http://comicbookresources.com/?page=article&id=17015. 
  28. ^ a b "Brian Bendis: Secret Warriors and Paying It Forward". Newsarama. July 1, 2008. http://www.newsarama.com/comics/080701-BendisWarriors.html. 
  29. ^ a b "Uncovering the Secret Warriors". IGN. December 2, 2008. http://comics.ign.com/articles/934/934336p1.html. 
  30. ^ a b "Marvel's 'Dark Reign' Solicitations". Comic Book Resources. December 5, 2008. http://www.comicbookresources.com/?page=article&id=19049. 
  31. ^ a b Ekstrom, Steve (February 18, 2009). "Zeb Wells on 'Dark Reign: Elektra'". Newsarama. http://www.newsarama.com/comics/020918-DR-Elektra.html. Retrieved May 6, 2009. 
  32. ^ a b "Jonathan Hickman - Secret Warriors, the FF and More". Newsarama. January 12, 2009. http://www.newsarama.com/comics/010912-Hickman.html. 
  33. ^ a b "Osborn Supremacy: Fantastic Four". Comic Book Resources. February 13, 2009. http://www.comicbookresources.com/?page=article&id=20040. 
  34. ^ a b George, Richard (February 22, 2009). "Dark Avengers spins off Dark Reign: Hawkeye". IGN. http://comics.ign.com/articles/947/947585p1.html. Retrieved May 5, 2009. 
  35. ^ "What's in a Name? Andy Diggle on Dark Reign: Hawkeye". Newsarama. March 2, 2009. http://www.newsarama.com/comics/030902-HAwkeye-Diggle.html. 
  36. ^ a b Brady, Matt (May 26, 2009). "Sticking it to the Man: Frank Tieri Talks Lethal Legion". http://www.newsarama.com/comics/050926-Tieri-Lethal.html. Retrieved May 26, 2009. 
  37. ^ a b "Weekly Webbing: Getting Negative with Fred Van Lente". Newsarama. May 8, 2009. http://www.newsarama.com/comics/050908-Webbing.html. Retrieved May 9, 2009. 
  38. ^ a b Richards, Dave (May 7, 2009). "Forget It, Spidey! It’s Chinatown: Van Lente on Mister Negative". Comic Book Resources. http://www.comicbookresources.com/?page=article&id=21117. Retrieved May 9, 2009. 
  39. ^ a b Rogers, Vaneta (March 30, 2009). "Look Out! Here Comes the Sinister Spider-Man". Newsarama. http://www.newsarama.com/comics/090330-sinister-spider-man.html. Retrieved May 9, 2009. 
  40. ^ a b Richards, David (April 24, 2009). "The Osborn Supremacy: Venom". Comic Book Resources. http://www.comicbookresources.com/?page=article&id=20941. Retrieved May 6, 2009. 
  41. ^ a b c d Richards, Dave (February 7, 2009). "NYCC: Cornell Talks Dark Reign: Young Avengers". Comic Book Resources. http://www.comicbookresources.com/?page=article&id=19890. Retrieved May 25, 2009. 
  42. ^ a b c Arrant, Chris (February 7, 2009). "NYCC '09 - Paul Cornell on Dark Reign: Young Avengers". Newsarama. http://www.newsarama.com/comics/020907-DR-YA.html. Retrieved May 25, 2009. 
  43. ^ a b Rogers, Vaneta (February 20, 2009). "Mark Brooks: Designing the Young Masters". Newsarama. http://www.newsarama.com/comics/020920-Brooks-Young-Masters.html. Retrieved May 25, 2009. 
  44. ^ Richards, Dave (April 23, 2008). "Vision Quest: Cornell talks Young Avengers Presents". Comic Book Resources. http://www.comicbookresources.com/?page=article&id=16151. Retrieved May 25, 2009. 
  45. ^ Stevens, Tim (February 6, 2009). "NYCC '09: Dark Reign: Young Avengers". Marvel.com. http://www.marvel.com/news/comicstories.6809.NYCC_~apos~09~colon~_Dark_Reign~colon~_Young_Avengers. Retrieved February 7, 2009. 
  46. ^ a b Richards, Dave (February 29, 2009). "WC: Casey Talks Dark Reign: Zodiac". Comic Book Resources. http://www.comicbookresources.com/?page=article&id=20229. Retrieved May 6, 2009. 
  47. ^ a b "WonderCon '09 - Joe Casey Talks Dark Reign: Zodiac". Newsarama. February 28, 2009. http://www.newsarama.com/comics/090228-wondercon09-casey-zodiac.html. 
  48. ^ a b "The Osborn Supremacy: Zodiac". Comic Book Resources. April 7, 2009. http://www.comicbookresources.com/?page=article&id=20706. 
  49. ^ a b "Adam Felber - Hangin' With the Skrull Kill Krew". Newsarama. February 10, 2009. http://www.newsarama.com/comics/020910-SKK.html. 
  50. ^ Dark Reign: The List - Avengers (November 2009)
  51. ^ Dark Reign: The List - Daredevil (November 2009)
  52. ^ Dark Reign: The List - X-Men (November 2009)
  53. ^ Dark Reign: The List - Secret Warriors (December 2009)
  54. ^ Dark Reign: The List - Hulk (December 2009)
  55. ^ Dark Reign: The List - Punisher (December 2009)
  56. ^ Dark Reign: The List - Wolverine (December 2009)
  57. ^ Dark Reign: The List - The Amazing Spider-Man (January 2010)
  58. ^ "The Osborn Supremacy: Agents of Atlas". Comic Book Resources. January 12, 2009. http://www.comicbookresources.com/?page=article&id=19507. 
  59. ^ "Marvel Heroes: Agents of Atlas #8". Marvel Previews (69): 34. June 2009. ISBN 5-9606-0547-9. "Not a 'Dark Reign' tie-in." 
  60. ^ "Gage: Taking the Initiative Under a Dark Reign". Newsarama. December 10, 2008. http://www.newsarama.com/comics/120810-Initiative-Gage.html. 
  61. ^ "Avengers: The Initiative #26". Marvel Previews (69): 44. June 2009. ISBN 5-9606-0547-9.  Issue #26 is listed under "Marvel Heroes" and not the "Dark Reign" section.
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  64. ^ "The Osborn Supremacy: Dark Avengers". Comic Book Resources. January 22, 2008. http://www.comicbookresources.com/?page=article&id=19645. 
  65. ^ "WC: Fraction and Lowe on Dark Avengers/Uncanny X-Men". Comic Book Resources. March 1, 2009. http://www.comicbookresources.com/?page=article&id=20244. 
  66. ^ "WonderCon '09 - Fraction Talks Uncanny X-Men/Dark Avengers". Newsarama. March 1, 2009. http://www.newsarama.com/comics/090301-wondercon09-xmen-avengers.html. 
  67. ^ "Iron Patriotism: Norman Osborn". Comic Book Resources. May 1, 2009. http://www.comicbookresources.com/?page=article&id=21046. 
  68. ^ "Iron Patriotism: Venom". Comic Book Resources. May 8, 2009. http://www.comicbookresources.com/?page=article&id=21141. 
  69. ^ "Iron Patriotism: Bullseye". Comic Book Resources. May 15, 2009. http://www.comicbookresources.com/?page=article&id=21217. 
  70. ^ Richards, Dave (June 5, 2009). "Iron Patriotism: Daken". Comic Book Resources. http://www.comicbookresources.com/?page=article&id=21488. Retrieved June 6, 2009. 
  71. ^ "Marvel Comics' Full April 2009 Solicitations". Newsarama. January 19, 2009. http://www.newsarama.com/comics/090120-marvel-april-2009-solicitations.html. 
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  73. ^ "NYCC: Parker Talks Dark Reign: The Hood". Comic Book Resources. February 7, 2009. http://www.comicbookresources.com/?page=article&id=19913. 
  74. ^ "Good at Being Bad: Jeff Parker on Dark Reign: The Hood". Newsarama. April 16, 2009. http://www.newsarama.com/comics/040916-Parker-Hood.html. 
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  76. ^ "Marvel Heroes: The Incredible Hercules #131". Marvel Previews (69): 51. June 2009. ISBN 5-9606-0547-9.  Issue #131 is listed under "Marvel Heroes" and not the "Dark Reign" section.
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  78. ^ "Marvel Heroes: The Mighty Avengers #27". Marvel Previews (69): 52. June 2009. ISBN 5-9606-0547-9.  Though issue #27 was not solicited as a "Dark Reign" issue, the solicitation text does mention that this issue "ties to both 'Dark Reign' and 'War of Kings'."
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  83. ^ "The New Green: Fred Van Lente on Savage She-Hulk". Newsarama. March 17, 2009. http://www.newsarama.com/comics/030917-Savage-She-Hulk.html. 
  84. ^ "War of the Sexes: Van Lente Talks All-New Savage She-Hulk". Comic Book Resources. March 27, 2009. http://www.comicbookresources.com/?page=article&id=20582. 
  85. ^ "The Osborn Supremacy: Thunderbolts". Comic Book Resources. January 9, 2009. http://www.comicbookresources.com/?page=article&id=19483. 
  86. ^ "The Osborn Supremacy: Uncanny X-Men". Comic Book Resources. January 21, 2008. http://www.comicbookresources.com/?page=article&id=19628. 
  87. ^ "The Osborn Supremacy: War Machine". Comic Book Resources. April 17, 2009. http://www.comicbookresources.com/?page=article&id=20858. 
  88. ^ Colton, David (January 27, 2010). "First Look: Marvel Comics' 'Heroes Will Be Heroes Again'". USA Today. http://www.usatoday.com/life/comics/2010-01-27-marvel27_ST_N.htm. Retrieved January 27, 2010. 

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