List of dams and reservoirs in China


List of dams and reservoirs in China
The Bikou Dam on the Bailong River in Gansu

Dams and reservoirs in China are numerous and have had a profound effect on the country's development and people. In 2005, there were over 80,000 reservoirs in the country and over 4,800 dams completed or under construction that meet or exceed 30 m (98 ft) in height.[1] As of 2007, China is also the world's leader in the construction of large dams, just behind Turkey and Japan in a distant third.[2] The tallest dam in China is the Xiaowan Dam at 292 m (958 ft) which is also the tallest arch dam in the world. The largest reservoir is created by the Three Gorges Dam which stores 39.3 billion m3 (31,900,000 acre feet) of water and has a surface area of 1,045 km2 (403 sq mi). Three Gorges is also the world's largest power station.[3][4] Dams and their associated reservoirs are constructed by the country for several reasons to include: hydroelectric power generation, flood control, drought mitigation, navigation and tourism.[5] China has the largest potential for hydropower in the world and currently ranks first in hydroelectric generating capacity with about 200,000 MW online.[6][7] These benefits have come with adverse effects such as resettlement and inundation while impeding river flow often leads to habitat loss and on certain rivers, issues with trans-boundary river flow. [5] Below is a partial list of dams and reservoirs in China which are both complete and under construction. The most notable by height, type and reservoir size are listed.

Name Division Impounds Height Type Storage capacity Complete Notes
Ahai Dam Yunnan Province Jinsha River 130 m (427 ft) Gravity 8,820,000,000 m3 (7,150,490 acre·ft) 2015 [8]
Ankang Dam Shaanxi Province Han River 128 m (420 ft) Gravity 2,580,000,000 m3 (2,091,640 acre·ft) 1989 [9]
Baihetan Dam Sichuan/Yunnan Provinces Jinsha River 277 m (909 ft) Arch 17,924,000,000 m3 (14,531,223 acre·ft) 2019 [10]
Baise Dam Guangxi You River 130 m (427 ft) Gravity 5,660,000,000 m3 (4,588,637 acre·ft) 2006 [11]
Baozhusi Dam Sichuan Province Bailong River 132 m (433 ft) Gravity 2,550,000,000 m3 (2,067,319 acre·ft) 2000 [12]
Bashan Dam Chongqing Renhe River 155 m (509 ft) Concrete-face rock-fill 315,000,000 m3 (255,375 acre·ft) 2009 [13]
Baishan Dam Jilin Province Second Songhua River 149.5 m (490 ft) Arch-gravity 6,500,000,000 m3 (5,269,636 acre·ft) 1984 [14]
Banqiao Dam Henan Province Ru River 50.5 m (166 ft) Embankment 675,000,000 m3 (547,231 acre·ft) 1952/93 [15]
Bikou Dam Gansu Province Bailong River 101 m (331 ft) Embankment 521,000,000 m3 (422,382 acre·ft) 1977 [16]
Changheba Dam Sichuan Province Dadu River 240 m (787 ft) Concrete-face rock-fill 1,075,000,000 m3 (871,517 acre·ft) 2016 [17]
Changshou Dam Chongqing Yangtze River 52 m (171 ft) Embankment 1,027,000,000 m3 (832,602 acre·ft) 1954 [18]
Chengbihe Dam Guangxi Chengbihe River 70 m (230 ft) Embankment 1,150,000,000 m3 (932,320 acre·ft) 1961 [19]
Dachaoshan Dam Yunnan Province Lancang River 111 m (364 ft) Gravity 940,000,000 m3 (762,070 acre·ft) 2003 [20]
Dagangshan Dam Sichuan Province Dadu River 210 m (689 ft) Arch 724,000,000 m3 (586,956 acre·ft) 2012 [21]
Dahuashui Dam Guizhou Province Qingshuihe River 134.5 m (441 ft) Arch 276,500,000 m3 (224,162 acre·ft) 2008 [22]
Danjiangkou Dam Hubei Province Han River 176.6 m (579 ft) Gravity 17,450,000,000 m3 (14,146,945 acre·ft) 1973 [23]
Dongfeng Dam Guizhou Province Wu River 162 m (531 ft) Arch 1,025,000,000 m3 (830,981 acre·ft) 1995 [24]
Dongjing Dam Guizhou Province Beipan River 150 m (492 ft) Concrete-face rock-fill 955,000,000 m3 (774,231 acre·ft) 2011 [13]
Dongjiang Dam Hunan Province Lishui River 157 m (515 ft) Arch 9,565,000,000 m3 (7,754,472 acre·ft) 1992 [3]
Dongping Dam Hubei Province Zhong River 135 m (443 ft) Arch 336,000,000 m3 (272,400 acre·ft) 2006 [24]
Ertan Dam Sichuan Province Yalong River 240 m (787 ft) Arch 5,800,000,000 m3 (4,702,137 acre·ft) 1999 [25]
Fengman Dam Jilin Province Second Songhua River 91 m (299 ft) Gravity 11,460,000,000 m3 (9,290,773 acre·ft) 1953 [26]
Fengshuba Dam Guangdong Province Dong River 95.4 m (313 ft) Gravity 1,932,000,000 m3 (1,566,298 acre·ft) 1974 [12]
Fengtan Dam Hunan Province You River 112.5 m (369 ft) Arch-gravity 1,740,000,000 m3 (1,410,641 acre·ft) 1978 [27]
Geheyan Dam Hubei Province Qing River 157 m (515 ft) Arch-gravity 3,400,000,000 m3 (2,756,425 acre·ft) 2006 [28]
Gezhouba Dam Hubei Province Yangtze River 47 m (154 ft) Gravity 1,580,000,000 m3 (1,280,927 acre·ft) 1988 [29]
Gongboxia Dam Qinghai Province Yellow River 132 m (433 ft) Concrete-face rock-fill 630,000,000 m3 (510,749 acre·ft) 2006 [30]
Goupitan Dam Guizhou Province Wu River 232.5 m (763 ft) Arch 6,451,000,000 m3 (5,229,911 acre·ft) 2011 [31]
Guandi Dam Sichuan Province Yalong River 168 m (551 ft) Gravity 760,000,000 m3 (616,142 acre·ft) 2012 [32]
Guangzhao Dam Yunnan Province Beipan River 200.5 m (658 ft) Gravity 3,254,000,000 m3 (2,638,061 acre·ft) 2004 [33]
Guanyinyan Dam Yunnan/Sichuan Province Jinsha River 159 m (522 ft) Gravity 2,072,000,000 m3 (1,679,798 acre·ft) 2015 [34]
Guxian Dam Henan Province Luohe River 125 m (410 ft) Gravity 1,175,000,000 m3 (952,588 acre·ft) 1995 [12]
Huating Dam Anhui Province Changhe River 57.9 m (190 ft) Embankment 2,390,000,000 m3 (1,937,605 acre·ft) 1976 [35]
Hongjiadu Dam Guizhou Province Liuchong River 179.5 m (589 ft) Concrete-face rock-fill 4,947,000,000 m3 (4,010,598 acre·ft) 2005 [36]
Hongkou Dam Fujian Province Huotong River 130 m (427 ft) Gravity 449,700,000 m3 (364,578 acre·ft) 2008 [11]
Houziyan Dam Guizhou Province Dadu River 223.5 m (733 ft) Embankment 662,000,000 m3 (536,692 acre·ft) 2015 [37]
Huanglongtan Dam Hubei Province Duhe River 107 m (351 ft) Gravity 1,228,000,000 m3 (995,556 acre·ft) 1976 [12]
Hunanzhen Dam Zhejiang Province Qiantang River 129 m (423 ft) Buttress 2,067,000,000 m3 (1,675,744 acre·ft) 1980 [12]
Jiangkou Dam Chongqing Furong River 139 m (456 ft) Arch 497,000,000 m3 (402,924 acre·ft) 2003 [38]
Jiangpinghe Dam Hubei Province Loushui River 221 m (725 ft) Concrete-face rock-fill 1,366,000,000 m3 (1,107,434 acre·ft) 2011 [13]
Jiangya Dam Hunan Province Loushui River 131 m (430 ft) Gravity 1,740,000,000 m3 (1,410,641 acre·ft) 2000 [11]
Jilintai I Dam Xinjiang Kashgar River 157 m (515 ft) Concrete-face rock-fill 2,530,000,000 m3 (2,051,104 acre·ft) 2005 [39]
Jinanqiao Dam Yunnan Province Jinsha River 160 m (525 ft) Gravity 847,000,000 m3 (686,674 acre·ft) 2010 [40]
Jinghong Dam Yunnan Province Lancang River 108 m (354 ft) Gravity 249,000,000 m3 (201,868 acre·ft) 2008 [41]
Jinping-I Dam Sichuan Province Yalong River 305 m (1,001 ft) Arch 7,700,000,000 m3 (6,200,000 acre·ft) 2014 [42]
Jinping-II Dam Sichuan Province Yalong River 37 m (121 ft) Gravity 14,200,000 m3 (11,500 acre·ft) 2014 [42]
Jinshuitan Dam Zhejiang Province Longquan Creek 102 m (335 ft) Arch 13,930,000,000 m3 (11,290,000 acre·ft) 1988 [3]
Jishixia Dam Qinghai Province Yellow River 101 m (331 ft) Gravity 263,500,000 m3 (213,600 acre·ft) 2010 [43]
Jiudianxia Dam Gansu Province Tao River 136.5 m (448 ft) Concrete-face rock-fill 94,300,000 m3 (76,450 acre·ft) 2008 [13]
Laxiwa Dam Qinghai Province Yellow River 250 m (820 ft) Arch 1,079,000,000 m3 (875,000 acre·ft) 2009 [44]
Lianghekou Dam Sichuan Province Yalong River 295 m (968 ft) Arch 6,330,000,000 m3 (5,131,815 acre·ft) 2015 [45]
Lijiaxia Dam Qinghai Province Yellow River 155 m (509 ft) Arch-gravity 1,650,000,000 m3 (1,337,677 acre·ft) 1997 [46]
Liujiaxia Dam Gansu Province Yellow River 147 m (482 ft) Gravity 4,240,000,000 m3 (3,437,424 acre·ft) 1969 [47]
Liuxihe Dam Guangdong Province Liuxihe River 78 m (256 ft) Arch 325,000,000 m3 (263,482 acre·ft) 1958 [48]
Liyuan Dam Yunnan Province Jinsha River 155 m (509 ft) Concrete-face rock-fill 727,000,000 m3 (589,388 acre·ft) 2012 [49]
Longkaikou Dam Yunnan Province Jinsha River 119 m (390 ft) Gravity 544,000,000 m3 (441,028 acre·ft) 2015 [50]
Longma Dam Yunnan Province Lixian River 135 m (443 ft) Concrete-face rock-fill 590,000,000 m3 (478,321 acre·ft) 2007 [13]
Longshou II Dam Gansu Province Heihe River 146.5 m (481 ft) Concrete-face rock-fill 86,200,000 m3 (69,883 acre·ft) 2004 [13]
Longtan Dam Guangxi Hongshui River 216 m (709 ft) Gravity 27,270,000,000 m3 (22,108,149 acre·ft) 2009 [51]
Longyangxia Dam Qinghai Province Yellow River 178 m (584 ft) Arch 24,700,000,000 m3 (20,024,616 acre·ft) 1992 [52]
Ludila Dam Yunnan Province Jinsha River 120 m (394 ft) Gravity 1,718,000,000 m3 (1,392,805 acre·ft) 2015 [53]
Malutang Dam Yunnan Province Panlong River 156 m (512 ft) Concrete-face rock-fill 546,000,000 m3 (442,649 acre·ft) 2009 [13]
Manwan Dam Yunnan Province Lancang River 132 m (433 ft) Gravity 920,000,000 m3 (745,856 acre·ft) 1995 [54]
Mianhuatan Dam Fujian Province Ting River 113 m (371 ft) Gravity 1,698,000,000 m3 (1,376,591 acre·ft) 1999 [55]
Nierji Dam Heilongjiang Province/Inner Mongolia Nen River 41.5 m (136 ft) Embankment, rock-fill 8,610,000,000 m3 (6,980,000 acre·ft) 2006 [3]
Nuozhadu Dam Yunnan Province Lancang River 261.5 m (858 ft) Embankment, rock-fill 21,749,000,000 m3 (17,632,000 acre·ft) 2015 [56]
Panjiakou Dam Hebei Province Luan River 107.5 m (353 ft) Gravity 2,930,000,000 m3 (2,375,390 acre·ft) 1984 [12]
Pengshui Dam Chongqing Wu River 116.5 m (382 ft) Arch 518,000,000 m3 (419,949 acre·ft) 2008 [57]
Pubugou Dam Sichuan Province Dadu River 186 m (610 ft) Concrete-face rock-fill 5,390,000,000 m3 (4,369,744 acre·ft) 2010 [58]
Sanbanxi Dam Guizhou Province Yuan (Qingshui) River 185.5 m (609 ft) Concrete-face rock-fill 4,094,000,000 m3 (3,319,060 acre·ft) 2006 [59]
Sanmenxia Dam Henan/Shanxi Province Yellow River 106 m (348 ft) Gravity 16,200,000,000 m3 (13,133,554 acre·ft) 1960 [60]
Shapai Dam Sichuan Province Caopo River 130 m (427 ft) Arch 3,135,000,000 m3 (2,541,586 acre·ft) 2006 [61]
Shatuo Dam Guizhou Province Wu River 156 m (512 ft) Arch 631,000,000 m3 (511,560 acre·ft) 2009 [62]
Shiyazi Dam Guizhou Province Hongjiadu River 134.5 m (441 ft) Gravity 321,500,000 m3 (260,644 acre·ft) 2010 [12]
Shimenkan Dam Yunnan Province Babian River 116 m (381 ft) Arch 197,000,000 m3 (159,710 acre·ft) 2010 [24]
Shisanling Dam Beijing Wenyu River 29 m (95 ft) Embankment 59,000,000 m3 (47,832 acre·ft) 1995 [63]
Shuangjiangkou Dam Sichuan Province Dadu River 312 m (1,024 ft) Embankment, rock-fill 3,135,000,000 m3 (2,541,586 acre·ft) 2020 [64]
Shuibuya Dam Hubei Province Qing River 233 m (764 ft) Concrete-face rock-fill 4,580,000,000 m3 (3,710,000 acre·ft) 2008 [65]
Shuifeng (Sup'ung) Dam Liaoning Province Yalu River 106 m (348 ft) Gravity 14,600,000,000 m3 (11,836,413 acre·ft) 1941 [66]
Shuikou Dam Fujian Province Min River 101 m (331 ft) Gravity 2,600,000,000 m3 (2,100,000 acre·ft) 1996 [67]
Silin Dam Guizhou Province Wu River 117 m (384 ft) Gravity 1,205,000,000 m3 (977,000 acre·ft) 2008 [68]
Suofengying Dam Guizhou Province Wu River 121 m (397 ft) Gravity 201,200,000 m3 (163,115 acre·ft) 2006 [11]
Tankeng Dam Zhejiang Province Ou River 162 m (531 ft) Concrete-face rock-fill 4,190,000,000 m3 (3,396,888 acre·ft) 2008 [69]
Tengzigou Dam Chongqing Dragon River 127 m (417 ft) Arch 193,000,000 m3 (156,468 acre·ft) 2006 [24]
Three Gorges Dam Hubei Province Yangtze River 181 m (594 ft) Gravity 39,300,000,000 m3 (31,900,000 acre·ft) 2008 [70]
Tianhuangping Dam Zhejiang Province Daxi Creek 72 m (236 ft) Concrete-face rock-fill 6,770,000 m3 (5,490 acre·ft) 2004 [71]
Tianshengqiao-I Dam Guizhou/Guangxi Province Nanpan River 178 m (584 ft) Concrete-face rock-fill 10,257,000,000 m3 (8,315,000 acre·ft) 2000 [72]
Tianshengqiao-II Dam Guizhou/Guangxi Province Nanpan River 58.7 m (193 ft) Concrete-face rock-fill 26,000,000 m3 (21,000 acre·ft) 1997 [73]
Tingzikou Dam Sichuan Province Jialing River 116 m (381 ft) Gravity 4,067,000,000 m3 (3,297,000 acre·ft) 2014 [74]
Wanjiazhai Dam Shaanxi Province Yellow River 105 m (344 ft) Gravity 896,000,000 m3 (726,000 acre·ft) 1998 [75]
Wawushan Dam Sichuan Province Zhougonghe River 138 m (453 ft) Concrete-face rock-fill 545,000,000 m3 (441,839 acre·ft) 2007 [13]
Wudu Dam Sichuan Province Fu River 120 m (394 ft) Gravity 572,000,000 m3 (463,728 acre·ft) 2008 [76]
Wujiangdu Dam Guizhou Province Wu River 165 m (541 ft) Arch-gravity 2,300,000,000 m3 (1,900,000 acre·ft) 1979 [77]
Wuluwati Dam Xinjiang Kalakashi River 138 m (453 ft) Concrete-face rock-fill 347,000,000 m3 (281,317 acre·ft) 2001 [13]
Wuqiangxi Dam Hunan Province Yuan River 87.5 m (287 ft) Gravity 4,350,000,000 m3 (3,530,000 acre·ft) 1996 [78]
Xiangjiaba Dam Yunnan/Sichuan Provinces Jinsha River 161 m (528 ft) Embankment, rock-fill 5,163,000,000 m3 (4,185,712 acre·ft) 2015 [79]
Xiaolangdi Dam Henan Province Yellow River 154 m (505 ft) Embankment, rock-fill 12,800,000,000 m3 (10,377,129 acre·ft) 2000 [80]
Xiaowan Dam Yunnan Province Lancang River 292 m (958 ft) Arch 15,000,000,000 m3 (12,000,000 acre·ft) 2010 [81]
Xiluodu Dam Yunnan Province Jinsha River 278 m (912 ft) Arch 12,670,000,000 m3 (10,270,000 acre·ft) 2013 [82]
Xinanjiang (Qiandao) Dam Zheijang Province Qiantang River 108 m (354 ft) Gravity 22,000,000,000 m3 (18,000,000 acre·ft) 1959 [83]
Yantan Dam Guangdong Province Hongshui River 110 m (361 ft) Gravity 2,612,000,000 m3 (2,118,000 acre·ft) 1995 [84]
Yele Dam Sichuan Province Nanya River 124.5 m (408 ft) Embankment 298,000,000 m3 (242,000 acre·ft) 2006 [85]
Yunfeng Dam Jilin Province Yalu River 113.75 m (373 ft) Gravity 3,895,000,000 m3 (3,157,728 acre·ft) 1965 [12]
Zangmu Dam Tibet Autonomous Region Brahmaputra River 116 m (381 ft) Gravity Unknown 2015 [86]
Zhelin Dam Jiangxi Province Zhelin River 72.5 m (238 ft) Embankment, earth-fill 7,900,000,000 m3 (6,404,634 acre·ft) 1972 [87]
Zipingpu Dam Sichuan Province Min River 156 m (512 ft) Concrete-face rock-fill 1,120,000,000 m3 (907,999 acre·ft) 2006 [88]

See also

  • List of power stations in China
  • List of tallest dams in the world

References

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