- Dall sheep
Dall sheep Dall Sheep ram at the Alaska Zoo in Anchorage, Alaska. Conservation status Scientific classification Kingdom: Animalia Phylum: Chordata Class: Mammalia Order: Artiodactyla Family: Bovidae Subfamily: Caprinae Genus: Ovis Species: O. dalli Binomial name Ovis dalli
The Dall sheep (originally Dall's sheep), Ovis dalli, is a species of sheep native to northwestern North America, ranging from white to slate brown in color and having curved yellowish brown horns. Its closest relative is the more southern Stone sheep (also spelled Stone's sheep) (Ovis stonei), which is a slaty brown with some white patches on the rump and inside the hind legs.
Research has shown the use of these subspecies designations is questionable. Complete colour integradation occurs between white and dark morphs of the species with intermediately coloured populations, called Fannin's sheep (Ovis dalli fannini), found in the Pelly Mountains and Ogilvie Mountains of Yukon Territory. Mitochondrial DNA evidence has shown no molecular division along current subspecies boundaries, although evidence from nuclear DNA may provide some support. Also at the species level, current taxonomy is questionable because hybridization between Ovis dalli and Ovis canadensis has been recorded in recent evolutionary history.
The latter half of the Latin binomial dalli is derived from William Healey Dall (1845–1927), an American naturalist. The common name Dall sheep or Dall's sheep is often used to refer to the species Ovis dalli. An alternative use of common name terminology is that thinhorn sheep refers to the species Ovis dalli, while Dall's sheep and Stone's sheep refer to subspecies Ovis dalli dalli and Ovis dalli stonei, respectively.
The sheep inhabit the subarctic mountain ranges of Alaska, the Yukon Territory, the Mackenzie Mountains in the western Northwest Territories, and northern British Columbia. Dall sheep are found in relatively dry country and try to stay in a special combination of open alpine ridges, meadows, and steep slopes with extremely rugged ground in the immediate vicinity, to allow escape from predators that cannot travel quickly through such terrain.
Male Dall sheep have thick curling horns. The females have shorter, more slender, slightly curved horns. Males live in bands which seldom associate with female groups except during the mating season in late November and early December. Lambs are born in May.
During the summer when food is abundant, the sheep eat a wide variety of plants. The winter diet is much more limited, and consists primarily of dry, frozen grass and sedge stems available when snow is blown off, lichen and moss. Many Dall sheep populations visit mineral licks during the spring, and often travel many miles to eat the soil around the licks.
- ^ Festa-Bianchet, M. (2008). Ovis dalli. In: IUCN 2008. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Downloaded on 5 April 2009. Database entry includes a brief justification of why this species is of least concern.
- ^ Sheldon, C. 1911. The Wilderness of the Upper Yukon. First edition. Charles Scribner’s Sons, New York.
- ^ a b Loehr, J., K. Worley, A. Grapputo, J. Carey, A. Veitch and D. W. Coltman (2006). "Evidence for cryptic glacial refugia from North American mountain sheep mitochondrial DNA". Journal of Evolutionary Biology 19: 419-430. doi:10.1111/j.1420-9101.2005.01027.x. PMID 16599918.
- ^ Worley, K., Strobeck, C., Arthur, S., Carey, J., Schwantje, H., Veitch, A. and Coltman, D.W. (2004). "Population genetic structure of North American thinhorn sheep Ovis dalli". Molecular Ecology 13: 2545–2556. PMID 15315669. http://www.enr.gov.nt.ca/_live/documents/content/Journal_Publications23.pdf.
- ^ Home Page, Alaska Department of Fish and Game. Adfg.state.ak.us. Retrieved on 2011-09-16.
- A.W.F. Banfield (1974). The Mammals of Canada. University of Toronto Press. ISBN 0-8020-2137-9
- Ovis dalli. Brower and Leslie
- Smithsonian Institution - North American Mammals: Ovis dalli
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См. также в других словарях:
Dall sheep — [dôl] n. a wild sheep (Ovis dalli) with white hair and long spiral horns, living in the mountains of NW North America: also Dall s sheep * * * (Ovis dalli), species of bighorn (bighorn sheep) (q.v.). * * * … Universalium
Dall sheep — [dôl] n. a wild sheep (Ovis dalli) with white hair and long spiral horns, living in the mountains of NW North America: also Dall s sheep … English World dictionary
Dall Sheep — Taxobox name = Dall Sheep status = LR/lc | status system = IUCN2.3 status ref = [IUCN2006|assessors=Caprinae Specialist Group|year=2000|id=39250|title=Ovis dalli|downloaded=12 May 2006 ] image width = 250px image caption = Dall Sheep ram at the… … Wikipedia
Dall sheep — noun large white wild sheep of northwestern Canada and Alaska • Syn: ↑Dall s sheep, ↑white sheep, ↑Ovis montana dalli • Hypernyms: ↑wild sheep • Member Holonyms: ↑Ovis, ↑genus Ovis … Useful english dictionary
Dall sheep — noun Etymology: William H. Dall died 1927 American naturalist Date: 1887 a large white wild sheep (Ovis dalli) of Alaska and northern British Columbia called also Dall s sheep … New Collegiate Dictionary
Dall — Dall, as a person, may refer to: Bobby Dall (b.1958), an American musician Cindy Dall, a musician Curtis Bean Dall (1896 1991), an American businessman and author James Kyle Dall, first headmaster of Elmfield College John Dall (1918 1971), an… … Wikipedia
Dall's sheep — Dall s′ sheep′ [[t]dɔlz[/t]] also Dall′ sheep′ n. mam a white haired wild mountain sheep, Ovis dalli, of NW North America • Etymology: 1905–10; after William H. Dall (1845–1927), U.S. naturalist … From formal English to slang
Dall's sheep — noun large white wild sheep of northwestern Canada and Alaska • Syn: ↑Dall sheep, ↑white sheep, ↑Ovis montana dalli • Hypernyms: ↑wild sheep • Member Holonyms: ↑Ovis, ↑genus Ovis … Useful english dictionary
Dall's sheep — /dawlz/ a white haired wild sheep, Ovis dalli, of mountainous regions of northwestern North America, having curved horns. Also, Dall sheep. [1905 10; named after William H. Dall (1845 1927), American naturalist] * * * … Universalium
Dall's sheep — noun see Dall sheep … New Collegiate Dictionary