Television in Croatia


Television in Croatia
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Television in Croatia was first introduced in 1956.

Contents

Main channels

Name Full name Programming Type Encryption Year
HTV 1 Croatian Radio Television (Hrvatska radiotelevizija) General Public broadcaster Clear 1956-1990 (As JRT TV-Zagreb 1), 1990- HRT
HTV 2 Croatian Radio Television (Hrvatska radiotelevizija) General Public broadcaster Clear 1972-1990 (As JRT TV-Zagreb 2), 1990- HRT
Nova TV Nova TV General Private channel Clear 2000
RTL Televizija RTL Televizija General Private channel Clear 2004
RTL 2 RTL 2 General Private channel Clear 2011
Doma TV Doma TV General Private channel Clear 2011
CMC Croatian Music Channel Music Private channel Clear 2011
KN Kapital Network Informational and economic Private channel Clear 2011
SPTV Sportska televizija Sport Private channel Clear 2011

Regional and local channels

Terrestrial

Source: Croatian Post and Electronic Telecommunications Agency,[1] Odašiljači i veze d.o.o.[2]

  • Dubrovačka televizija (DU TV) - from Dubrovnik, broadcast for the city
  • Gradska televizija Zadar (GTV Zadar) - from Zadar, broadcast for the city
  • Televizija 4 Rijeke (TV4R) - from Karlovac, broadcast for the city
  • Čakovečka televizija (ČTV) - from Čakovec, broadcast for the city
  • Osječka televizija (OSTV) - from Osijek, broadcast for the city
  • Slavonskobrodska televizija (SBTV) - from Slavonski Brod, broadcast for the city
  • Televizija Dalmacija (TV Dalmacija) - from Split, broadcast for the city
  • Riječka televizija (RiTV) - from Rijeka, broadcast for the city
  • Z1 televizija - from Zagreb, broadcast for the city
  • Televizija Šibenik (TVŠ) - from Šibenik, broadcast for the city
  • Televizija Nova (TV Nova) - from Pula, broadcast for the city
  • Televizija Plus (TV Plus) - from Jastrebarsko, broadcast for the city
  • VOX televizija (VOX TV) - from Zadar, broadcast for the city
  • Varaždinska televizija (VTV) - from Varaždin, broadcast for Varaždin County and Međimurje County
  • Jabuka TV (former OTV) - from Zagreb, broadcast for Zagreb and Zagreb County
  • Kanal Rijeka (Kanal Ri) - from Rijeka, broadcast for Primorje–Gorski Kotar County
  • Nezavisna istarska televizija (NIT) - from Pazin, broadcast for Istria County
  • Nezavisna televizija (NeT) - from Kutina, broadcast for Sisak–Moslavina County
  • Televizija Jadran (TV Jadran) - from Split, broadcast for Split–Dalmatia County
  • Televizija Slavonije i Baranje (STV) - from Osijek, broadcast for Osijek–Baranja County
  • Vinkovačka televizija (VKTV) - from Vinkovci, broadcast for Vukovar–Syrmia County

Specialized cable and/or satellite channels

  • Sport Klub Croatia
  • Slika Hrvatske
  • HRT Plus
  • RTL Plus
  • Saborska Televizija
  • Mini TV
  • MediaTravel.tv
  • CineStar TV
  • 24sata TV
  • Narodna Televizija
  • OK TV
  • Deejay TV
  • Playomania
  • Dju Dju
  • Hit TV
  • Arena Sport 1 Croatia
  • Arena Sport 2 Croatia

Regionalized versions of trans-national television networks

Channels regionalized for Croatia include[3]:

  • HBO Adria, with Croatian audio channel and DVB subtitles
  • HBO Comedy Adria, with Croatian audio channel and DVB subtitles
  • Cinemax CEE, with Croatian audio channel and DVB subtitles
  • Cinemax 2 CEE, with Croatian audio channel and DVB subtitles
  • AXN Adria, with Croatian DVB subtitles
  • Hallmark Channel CE, with Croatian DVB subtitles
  • SciFi Channel EE, with Croatian DVB subtitles
  • MTV Adria, with Croatian DVB subtitles
  • Discovery Channel Europe, with Croatian DVB subtitles
  • Animal Planet Europe, with Croatian DVB subtitles
  • National Geographic Channel Romania, with Croatian DVB subtitles
  • National Geographic Wild CE, with Croatian DVB subtitles
  • Fox Life SEE, with Croatian DVB subtitles
  • Fox Crime SEE, with Croatian DVB subtitles
  • Zone Reality Europe, with Croatian DVB subtitles
  • Zone Romantica Pan-Europe, with Croatian DVB subtitles
  • TV1000 Balkan, with Croatian DVB subtitles
  • Viasat Explorer, with Croatian DVB subtitles
  • Viasat History, with Croatian DVB subtitles
  • Viasat Nature, with Croatian DVB subtitles
  • Sport Klub Plus SEE, with Croatian audio channel and DVB subtitles
  • DoQ SEE, with Croatian DVB subtitles
  • E! Entertainment TV EMEA, with Croatian DVB subtitles
  • Style Network EMEA, with Croatian DVB subtitles
  • History Europe, with Croatian DVB subtitles
  • History HD Europe, with Croatian DVB subtitles
  • Crime and Investigation Network, with Croatian DVB subtitles
  • Travel Channel Europe, with Croatian DVB subtitles
  • MGM Channel, with Croatian DVB subtitles
  • The Fishing and Hunting Channel, with Croatian DVB subtitles
  • Fashion TV SEE

By viewing share

Croatian television channels listed by their viewing share 1998-2007.[citation needed]

1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
HRT 1 39% 41% 42% 37% 34% 29% 30% 27% 32% 25.9%
HRT 2 16% 18% 20% 19% 19% 17% 18% 17.2% 22% 17.5%
HRT 3 7% 8% 11% 9% 12% 10% end of broadcasting
Nova TV 6% 12% 21% 25% 18% 21% 19% 18%
RTL 25% 23% 28% 25%

Analog switchoff in favor of DVB-T

The Government of Croatia decided that multicast (simultaneous analog and digital DVB-T simultaneous broadcasting of the main channels) cease to exist in 2010. Croatian territory was split into 9 digital regions where national broadcasts are available. Former local broadcast services now advance to regional broadcast services and local broadcast services as such cease to exist. Regional broadcast services will cover more territory.

The dates for the switchoff of the main analog broadcast network were:[4][5]

Region Date of Switchoff
D05 January 26
D03 March 3
D07 March 30
D09 April 27
D01 May 25
D02 June 29
D06 July 20
D08 September 7
D04 October 5

Complete overview of the digital regions

Region Multiplex Program (ID)
D1 MUX A
(Channel 38)
HTV1
HTV2
RTL TV
NOVA TV
MUX B
(Channel 44)
HRT 3
HRT 4
RTL 2
Doma TV
MUX D
(Channel 21)
Vinkovacka televizija
STV
OSJECKA TV
Sportska televizija
KN
CMC
D2 MUX A
(Channel 23)
HTV1
HTV2
RTL TV
NOVA TV
MUX B
(Channel 39)
HRT 3
HRT 4
RTL 2
Doma TV
MUX D
(Channel 58)
SBTV
Sportska televizija
KN
CMC
D3 MUX A
(Channel 44)
HTV1
HTV2
RTL TV
NOVA TV
MUX B
(Channel 48)
HRT 3
HRT 4
RTL 2
Doma TV
MUX D
(Channel 36)
SRCE TV
VTV VARAZDIN
Sportska televizija
KN
CMC
D4 MUX A
(Channel 25)
HTV1
HTV2
RTL TV
NOVA TV
MUX B
(Channel 48)
HRT 3
HRT 4
RTL 2
Doma TV
MUX D
(Channel 42)
JABUKA TV
NeT
Sportska televizija
KN
CMC
d44-d45-d46 MUX D
(Channel 57)
TV4R
TV PLUS
Z1
D5 MUX A
(Channel 28)
HTV1
HTV2
RTL TV
NOVA TV
MUX B
(Channel 53)
HRT 3
HRT 4
RTL 2
Doma TV
MUX D
(Channel 29)
(Channel 45)
KANAL RI
TV ISTRA
RITV
TV NOVA
Sportska televizija
KN
CMC
D5 MFN MUX A
(Channel 68)
HTV1
HTV2
RTL TV
NOVA TV
D6 MUX A
(Channel 30)
HTV1
HTV2
RTL TV
NOVA TV
MUX B
(Channel 44)
HRT 3
HRT 4
RTL 2
Doma TV
MUX D
(Channel 54)
TV VOX
Sportska televizija
KN
CMC
D7 MUX A
(Channel 51)
HTV1
HTV2
RTL TV
NOVA TV
MUX B
(Channel 59)
HRT 3
HRT 4
RTL 2
Doma TV
MUX D
(Channel 31)
TV VOX
Sportska televizija
KN
CMC
d71 MUX D
(Channel 35)
GRADSKA TV
d72 MUX D
(Channel 29)
TV SIBENIK
D8 MUX A
(Channel 33)
HTV1
HTV2
RTL TV
NOVA TV
MUX B
(Channel 53)
HRT 3
HRT 4
RTL 2
Doma TV
MUX D
(Channel 34)
TV JADRAN
TELEVIZIJA DALMACIJA
Sportska televizija
KN
CMC
D9 MUX A
(Channel 51)
HTV1
HTV2
RTL TV
NOVA TV
MUX B
(Channel 59)
HRT 3
HRT 4
RTL 2
Doma TV
MUX D
(Channel 28)
DUBROVACKA TV
Sportska televizija
KN
CMC

HDTV

In Croatia there were two testing HDTV channels HRT HD and Nova TV HD. HD TV channels were available only in major cities(Zagreb, Split, Osijek, Rijeka and Pula). On February 4th 2011., the experimental broadcasting stopped because the license for it expired.

Multiplexes

In Croatia there are three MUX-es active. MUX A and MUX B are for national channels, and MUX D is for national/regional channels. MUX A currently broadcast both HRT channels, Nova and RTL. MUX B currently broadcast RTL2 and Doma TV. MUX D currently broadcast regional channels and three national channels : Sportska Televizija, Kapital Network and CMC.

Additionally, Kapital Network was originally broadcasted in MUX B, as the holder of a license for a testing period, they won an experimental 6-month period license. Now, Kapital Network is broadcasting in MUX D, which is, by the new plan, carring both regional and national services at the same time.

The competition for two channels in the MUX B was announced in July 2010. The Electronic Media Agency of the Croatian government received offers for the following channels: RTL 2, Doma TV, OBN and Kapital Network. Final licenses were given to RTL 2 and Doma TV. RTL2 and Doma TV started broadcasting on January 2. 2011.

Licences for broadcasting in national part of Mux D were given to CMC (Croatian Music Channel), Sportska Televizija (by Croatian Olympic Committee) and Kapital Network in December 2010. They started broadcasting in the second half of March and the first half of April 2011.

Regional broadcasts

MUX D is now active in regions with digital only broadcast:

  • In D1 regional channels are Vinkovačka TV, Osječka TV and Slavonska TV.
  • In D2 regional channel is SBTV.
  • In D3 regional channels are Varaždinska TV and Srce TV.
  • In D4 regional channels are Jabuka TV and Net TV.
  • In D5 regional channels are Kanal RI, Ri TV, TV Istra and TV Nova from Pula.
  • In D6 and D7 regional channel is VOX TV from Zadar.
  • In D8 regional channels are TV Jadran and TV Dalmacija, both from Split.
  • In D9 regional channel is DUTV.

Future plans

In future MUX A will stay the same(HRT1, HRT2, RTL TV and Nova TV). MUX B will get HRT's two new channels. HRT must start broadcasting this two channels until the end of 2012. MUX D will have new 2 or 3 regional channels.

See also

References

External links


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

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