Dark faced burnished ware


Dark faced burnished ware

Dark Faced Burnished Ware or DFBW is the earliest form of pottery developed in the western world.[1]

It was produced after the earliest examples from the indepenent phenomenon of the Jomon culture in Japan and is predominantly found at archaeological sites in Lebanon, Israel and southwest Syria.[2][3][4][5] Some notable examples of Dark Faced Burnished Ware were found at Tell Dhahab and Tell Judaidah in Amuq by Robert Braidwood as well as at Ras Shamra and Tell Boueid.[6] Other finds have been made at Yumuktepe in Mersin, Turkey where comparative studies were made defining different categories of ware that have been generally grouped as DFBW.[7] It is thought to have come as a development of White Ware and takes it's name from the often dark coloured choice of clays from which it is made. Vessels are often coarse, tempered with grit or sand, burnished to a shiny finish and made with a variety of clays in different areas.[1] The grit or sand is thought to have made the vessels easier to fire and the burnishing made them less permeable and suitable for heated liquid substances.[1] Later examples are usually finer and more carefully burnished and decorated.[8] Designs included rounded, inverted or straight sided bowls with plain rims, some with basic handles under the rims along with ring bases in the later pieces.[9] Decorations included incised or impressed chevrons or motifs with pattern burnishing appearing in later periods.[1] Other types of pottery were produced around the same time including coarse impressed ware, dark faced unburnished ware and washed impressed ware but these were less prevalent.[1]

DFBW has long been considered the forbear of the more polished examples such as Ancient Greek pottery.[6]

References

  1. ^ a b c d e Peter M. M. G. Akkermans; Glenn M. Schwartz (2003). The archaeology of Syria: from complex hunter-gatherers to early urban societies (c. 16,000-300 BC). Cambridge University Press. pp. 134–. ISBN 9780521796668. http://books.google.com/books?id=_4oqvpAHDEoC&pg=PA134. Retrieved 8 April 2011. 
  2. ^ Douglas M. Kenrick (1995). Jomon of Japan: the world's oldest pottery. Kegan Paul International. ISBN 9780710304759. http://books.google.com/books?id=5ElQAAAAMAAJ. Retrieved 9 April 2011. 
  3. ^ Richard J. Pearson; Gina Lee Barnes; Karl L. Hutterer (1986). Windows on the Japanese past: studies in archaeology and prehistory. Center for Japanese Studies, University of Michigan. ISBN 9780939512232. http://books.google.com/books?id=tAwNAQAAMAAJ. Retrieved 9 April 2011. 
  4. ^ Mellart, James, The Neolithic of the Near East, p. 64, Scribner, 1975.
  5. ^ Mary Settegast (1 January 2000). Plato prehistorian: 10,000 to 5000 B.C. : myth, religion, archaeology. Lindisfarne Press. ISBN 9780940262348. http://books.google.com/books?id=gtCBAAAAMAAJ. Retrieved 9 April 2011. 
  6. ^ a b A. Issar; Mattanyah Zohar (2004). Climate change: environment and civilization in the Middle East. Springer. pp. 71–. ISBN 9783540210863. http://books.google.com/books?id=ekIUhiJee3wC&pg=PA71. Retrieved 9 April 2011. 
  7. ^ Francesca Balossi Restelli (2006). The development of 'cultural regions' in the neolithic of the Near East: the 'dark faced burnished ware horizon'. Archaeopress. ISBN 9781841719177. http://books.google.com/books?id=WztmAAAAMAAJ. Retrieved 9 April 2011. 
  8. ^ Council for British Research in the Levant; British School of Archaeology in Jerusalem; British Institute at Amman for Archaeology and History (1994). Levant. British School of Archaeology in Jerusalem.. http://books.google.com/books?id=nmFtAAAAMAAJ. Retrieved 9 April 2011. 
  9. ^ Moore, A.M.T. (1978). The Neolithic of the Levant. Oxford University, Unpublished Ph.D. Thesis. pp. 192–198. http://ancientneareast.tripod.com/74.html. 

External links


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Labweh — Neolithic Labweh …   Wikipedia

  • Neolithic — An array of Neolithic artifacts, including bracelets, axe heads, chisels, and polishing tools. Neolithic stone implements are by definition polished and except for specialty items not chipped. The Neolithic …   Wikipedia

  • arts, East Asian — Introduction       music and visual and performing arts of China, Korea, and Japan. The literatures of these countries are covered in the articles Chinese literature, Korean literature, and Japanese literature.       Some studies of East Asia… …   Universalium

  • Mesopotamia, history of — ▪ historical region, Asia Introduction  history of the region in southwestern Asia where the world s earliest civilization developed. The name comes from a Greek word meaning “between rivers,” referring to the land between the Tigris and… …   Universalium

  • china — /chuy neuh/, n. 1. a translucent ceramic material, biscuit fired at a high temperature, its glaze fired at a low temperature. 2. any porcelain ware. 3. plates, cups, saucers, etc., collectively. 4. figurines made of porcelain or ceramic material …   Universalium

  • China — /chuy neuh/, n. 1. People s Republic of, a country in E Asia. 1,221,591,778; 3,691,502 sq. mi. (9,560,990 sq. km). Cap.: Beijing. 2. Republic of. Also called Nationalist China. a republic consisting mainly of the island of Taiwan off the SE coast …   Universalium

  • India — /in dee euh/, n. 1. Hindi, Bharat. a republic in S Asia: a union comprising 25 states and 7 union territories; formerly a British colony; gained independence Aug. 15, 1947; became a republic within the Commonwealth of Nations Jan. 26, 1950.… …   Universalium

  • pre-Columbian civilizations — Introduction       the aboriginal American Indian (Mesoamerican Indian) cultures that evolved in Meso America (part of Mexico and Central America) and the Andean region (western South America) prior to Spanish exploration and conquest in the 16th …   Universalium

  • Anatolia — /an euh toh lee euh/, n. a vast plateau between the Black and the Mediterranean seas: in ancient usage, synonymous with the peninsula of Asia Minor; in modern usage, applied to Turkey in Asia. Cf. Asia Minor. * * * or Asia Minor Turkish Anadolu… …   Universalium

  • United States — a republic in the N Western Hemisphere comprising 48 conterminous states, the District of Columbia, and Alaska in North America, and Hawaii in the N Pacific. 267,954,767; conterminous United States, 3,022,387 sq. mi. (7,827,982 sq. km); with… …   Universalium


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.