Cystopteris protrusa


Cystopteris protrusa
Cystopteris protrusa
C. protrusa fronds
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Pteridophyta
Class: Pteridopsida
Order: Dryopteridales
Family: Dryopteridaceae
Genus: Cystopteris
Species: C. protrusa
Binomial name
Cystopteris protrusa
(Weatherby) Blasdell

Cystopteris protrusa is a common fern of eastern North America. Throughout much of its range, it is the most common Cystopteris. It is commonly known as the lowland brittle fern or lowland fragile fern. The specific name, protrusa, refers to the fact that the rhizome protrudes a short distance beyond the current year's fronds to form the following year's leaf buds. This protrusion is a positive diagnostic in the field. Sori are round and covered in a bladder-like indusium.

Unlike most species of this genus, this fern is exclusively terrestrial, often forming large, dense colonies. It is also largely a spring ephemeral. Some fronds may remain by late summer, but most have disappeared.

C. protrusa was originally considered only a variety of Cystopteris fragilis. However, it is now known that this is a diploid species, while C. fragilis (ss) is a polyploid species of hybrid origin. C. protrusa is a parent of the hybrid species Cystopteris tennesseensis and Cystopteris tenuis. Also see Cystopteris hybrid complex.



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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Cystopteris protrusa — ID 25089 Symbol Key CYPR4 Common Name lowland bladderfern Family Dryopteridaceae Category Fern Division Pteridophyta US Nativity Native to U.S. US/NA Plant Yes State Distribution AL, AR, CT, DC, DE, FL, GA, IA, IL, IN, KS, KY, LA, MA, MD, MI, MN …   USDA Plant Characteristics

  • Cystopteris protrusa (Weath.) Blasdell — Symbol CYPR4 Common Name lowland bladderfern Botanical Family Dryopteridaceae …   Scientific plant list

  • Cystopteris protrusa (Weath.) Blasdell — Symbol CYPR4 Common Name lowland bladderfern Botanical Family Dryopteridaceae …   Scientific plant list

  • Cystopteris — fragilis Scientific classification Kingdom …   Wikipedia

  • Cystopteris — Cystopteris …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Cystopteris tenuis — Scientific classification Kingdom: Plantae Division …   Wikipedia

  • Cystopteris bulbifera — Bulblet fern Cystopteris bulbifera in bottomland forest in Shades State Park, Indiana Scientific classification Kingdom …   Wikipedia

  • Cystopteris — Cystopteris …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Cystopteris hybrid complex — The fern genus Cystopteris is one that widely hybridizes internally. North American Cystopteris Hybrids The diploid parent species within the genus include: C. bulbifera C. hemifragilis (an undiscovered or extinct diploid) C. protrusa C.… …   Wikipedia

  • Cystopteris fragilis (L.) Bernh. var. protrusa Weath. — Symbol CYPR4 Synonym Symbol CYFRP2 Botanical Family Dryopteridaceae …   Scientific plant list