- Culture of Kashmir
The culture of Kashmir refers to the culture and traditions of Kashmir, a region in northern India (consisting of Jammu and Kashmir), northeast Pakistan (Pakistan-administered Kashmir consisting of Azad Kashmir and Gilgit-Baltistan) and the Chinese territory of Aksai Chin.
The culture of Kashmiri is a diverse blend and highly influenced by northern South Asian as well as Central Asian culture. Along with its scenic beauty, Kashmir is famous for its cultural heritage; it amalgamates Muslim, Hindu, Sikh and Buddhist philosophies and has envolved s composite culture based on the values of humanism and tolerance.
Ladakh is famous for its unique Indo-Tibetan culture. Chanting in Sanskrit and Tibetan language forms an integral part of Ladakh's Buddhist lifestyle. Annual masked dance festivals, weaving and archery are an important part of traditional life in Ladakh. Ladakhi food has much in common with Tibetan food, the most prominent foods being thukpa, noodle soup; and tsampa, known in Ladakhi as Ngampe, roasted barley flour. Typical garb includes gonchas of velvet, elaborately embroidered waistcoats and boots, and gonads or hats. People, adorned with gold and silver ornaments and turquoise headgears throng the streets during various Ladakhi festivals.
The Dumhal is a famous dance in the Kashmir valley, performed by men of the Wattal region. The women perform the Rouff, another traditional folk dance. Kashmir has been noted for its fine arts for centuries, including poetry and handicrafts. Shikaras, traditional small wooden boats, and houseboats are a common feature in various lakes and rivers across the Valley.
The Constitution of India does not allow people from regions other than Jammu and Kashmir to purchase land in the state. As a consequence, houseboats became popular among those who were unable to purchase land in the Valley and has now become an integral part of the Kashmiri lifestyle.
Kawa, traditional green tea with spices and almond, is consumed all through the day in the chilled winter climate of Kashmir. Most of the buildings in the Valley and Ladakh are made from softwood and is influenced by Indian, Tibetan, and Islamic architecture.
Jammu's Dogra culture and tradition is much similar to that of neighbouring Punjab and Himachal Pradesh. Traditional Punjabi festivals such as Lohri and Vaisakhi are celebrated with great zeal and enthusiasm throughout the region, along with Accession Day, an annual holiday which commemorates the accession of Jammu & Kashmir to the Dominion of India. After Dogras, Gujjars form the second-largest ethnic group in Jammu. Known for their semi-nomadic lifestyle, Gujjars are also found in large numbers in the Kashmir valley. Similar to Gujjars, Gaddis are primarily herdsmen who hail from the Chamba region in Himachal Pradesh. Gaddis are generally associated with emotive music played on the flute. The Bakkarwalas found both in Jammu and the Vale of Kashmir are wholly nomadic pastoral people who move along the Himalayan slopes in search for pastures for their huge flocks of goats and sheep.
The culture of Azad Kashmir in Pakistan bears many similarities and resemblances to Northern Punjab (Potohari) culture in Punjab province. Many natives of Pakistani Kashmir speak Potwari and the Pahari languages. The Pothohar Plateau in Punjab and western Azad Kashmir has a rich, ancient local culture. There is a sizable Kashmiri diaspora throughout Punjab and other countries worldwide, mainly of Pakistani origin.
The Jammu and Kashmir Academy of Art, Culture and Languages is a Government of Jammu and Kashmir department dedicated to the promotion of Kashmiri arts.
Kashmiri people are predominantly Muslim (see Islam in Kashmir) although there are sizeable minorities which follow a variety of religions and beliefs, including Hinduism, Sikhism and Buddhism. The Hindus of Kashmir are known as Kashmiri Pandits.
Festivals and observances
Language and literature
The Kashmiri language is the main language spoken in Kashmir, although many other Indo-Aryan languages are also prevalent. Kashmiri literature has a rich history stretching back to hundreds of years.
Jammu and Kashmir topics History
History of Kashmir · Kashyapa · Dynasties of ancient Kashmir · Kambojas · Lalitaditya Muktapida · Didda · Islamic invasions of India · Zain-ul-Abidin · Sayyid Dynasty · Durrani Empire · Dogra Empire · Sikh Empire · Mughal dynasty · British East India Company · Gulab Singh · Zorawar Singh · Jamwal · Indian rebellion of 1857 · British Raj · Kashmir Committee · Partition of India · Hari Singh · Kashmir conflict · Indo-Pakistani wars · Violence in Kashmir · Darbar Move
placesAlchi · Bardan · Basgo · Chemrey · Diskit · Hanle · Hemis · Hundur · Korzok · Karsha · Lamayuru · Likir · Lingshed · Mashro · Matho · Mulbekh · Namgyal Tsemo · Phugtal · Phyang · Rangdum · Rizong · Sani · Sankar · Saspul · Shey Monastery · Spituk · Stakna · Stok · Stongdey · Takthok · Thikse · Tonde · Wanla · Zangla · Zongkul · Vaishno Devi · Amarnath · Gulmarg · Pahalgam · Zanskar · Forts · National parks · Lakes
Districts Main cities
Regions Other topics Azad Kashmir topics History Government and politics Culture and places Geography Education Sport
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Kashmir Freedom Movement — (KFM) is a people s resistance movement for complete independence and reunification of all parts of the Kashmir Region. It is headquartered at Dadyal, District Mirpur, Pakistan Administered Kashmir. Kashmir Freedom Movement (KFM) Aims and… … Wikipedia
Kashmir — This article is about the geographical region of greater Kashmir. For other meanings, see Kashmir (disambiguation), or Cashmere. Kashmir (Balti: کشمیر; Poonchi/Chibhali: کشمیر; Dogri: कश्मीर; Kashmiri: कॅशीर, کٔشِیر; Shina: کشمیر; Uyghur:… … Wikipedia
kashmir — /kazh mear, kash /, n. cashmere. * * * Region of the northwestern Indian subcontinent. It is bounded to the northeast and east by China, to the south by India, to the west by Pakistan, and to the northwest by Afghanistan. The land is… … Universalium
Kashmir — /kash mear, kazh , kash mear , kazh /, n. 1. Also, Cashmere. a former princely state in SW Asia, adjacent to India, Pakistan, Sinkiang, and Tibet: sovereignty in dispute between India and Pakistan since 1947. 2. Official name, Jammu and Kashmir.… … Universalium
Culture of Gujarat — The Culture of Gujarat is that of Gujarat.[clarification needed] Contents 1 Gujarati engagement ceremony 2 Gujarati Wedding Ceremony … Wikipedia
Culture Minister of Pakistan — The Culture Minister of Pakistan heads the Ministry of Culture. He serves in the cabinet of the Prime Minister. The Minister is required to be a member of Parliament. Pakistan This article is part of the series … Wikipedia
Culture of Asia — The culture of Asia is human civilization in [Asia]. It features different kinds of cultural heritage of many nationalities, societies, and ethnic groups in the region, traditionally called a continen from a Western centric perspective, of Asia.… … Wikipedia
Culture of Denmark — Danish smørrebrød or open sandwiches, a staple of Danish cuisine The culture of Denmark has some general characteristics often associated with Danish society and everyday culture. Modesty, punctuality but above all equality are important aspects… … Wikipedia
Culture of Islamabad — The Faisal Mosque is an important cultural landmark of Islamabad. This article relates to topics about the culture of Islamabad (Urdu: ثقافت اسلام آباد). Being the capital o … Wikipedia
Culture of Nepal — Statue of the Bodhisattva Avalokiteshvara, gilded bronze. Nepal, 16th century CE … Wikipedia