- Cultural Center Historic District (Detroit, Michigan)
Cultural Center Historic DistrictThe main entrance of the Detroit Institute of Arts
Location: Detroit, Michigan
Built: 1915 Architect: Multiple; Gilbert, Cass Architectural style: Beaux Arts, Renaissance, Other Governing body: State NRHP Reference#: 83003791 Added to NRHP: November 21, 1983
The Cultural Center Historic District is a historic district located in Midtown Detroit, Michigan, which includes the Art Center (or Cultural Center): the Detroit Public Library, the Detroit Institute of Arts, and the Horace H. Rackham Education Memorial Building were listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1983. The first two of these were built in the 1920s, heralding a City Beautiful movement in Detroit that aimed to establish the area along Woodward as the cultural center of the city. The district contains several cultural attractions. At the same time, Wayne State University, then housed in the former Central High School, began offering four-year degrees. These institutions formed a core area that attracted other public-oriented institutions, including several music schools, the Merrill-Palmer Institute, the Detroit Historical Museum, College for Creative Studies, and other institutions to the area. The lifrary and historical museum, although part of the Art Center in function, are located on the west side of Woodward. The Charles H. Wright Museum of African American History, the Detroit Science Center, and the Museum of Contemporary Art Detroit are also located in the Art Center area. Substantial residential areas, including the East Ferry Avenue Historic District and late-19th century homes to the east of the Detroit Institute of Art. These neighborhoods have been infilled with townhomes and other residential developments and revitalizations.
The Public Library was built in 1921, designed by Cass Gilbert in an Italian Renaissance style. The exterior is faced its with white marble and the interior is decorated with murals, tiles and mosaics. Another wing was added in 1963.
The Detroit Institute of Arts was built in 1927. Architect Paul Phillippe Cret designed it to closely resemble its neighbor. Cret created galleries of varying sizes and shapes to provide a proper setting for the art collection. Two wings were later added, one in 1965 and one in 1971, and a large addition opened in 2008.
Horace H. Rackham Education Memorial Building
The Rackham Building was named after Horace Rackham, a local philanthropist and an early investor in Ford Motor Company. The building opened in 1941, serving as the headquarters for the Engineering Society of Detroit and the University of Michigan Extension Service.
It was designed by the firm of Harley and Ellington Architects and Engineers and is faced with white Georgia marble with black granite accents. The windows are cast bronze and the exterior features sculptures by Detroit artist Marshall Fredericks. The structure is 404 ft (123 m) in length and between 65 ft (20 m) and 150 ft (46 m) in depth.
In the central section holds a 1,000 seat auditorium on the main level and a ballroom with a capacity of 700 on the lower level. The University of Michigan occupies the western wing with three classrooms, a lecture hall and studio classroom on the lower level. Offices for the Extension Center and Institute for Public and Social Administration are on the main level along with a lounge, and three classrooms. The second floor contains study rooms, a library and seminar rooms.
The Engineering Society of Detroit occupied the eastern wing until 1994. Its space included six bowling lanes, activities room and billiards room on the lower level, a writing room, dining room, 300-seat auditorium and lounge on the main floor and the Society's administration offices and library on the second floor.
The main auditorium and ballroom are in need of renovation and have not been used in several years. Wayne State University's psychological clinic occupies some of the space vacated by the Engineering Society.
On the wall facing Warren Avenue is a trio of 13 ft (4.0 m) high figures sculpted by Marshall Fredericks representing science, education and mankind. The figures are largely hidden due to the construction of a parking garage south of the building in the 1980s.
- Charles H. Wright Museum of African American History
- College for Creative Studies
- David Whitney House
- Detroit Science Center
- Detroit Historical Museum
- East Ferry Avenue Historic District
- Scarab Club
- Wayne State University
- ^ a b "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2007-01-23. http://nrhp.focus.nps.gov/natreg/docs/All_Data.html.
- ^ Development map from the University Cultural Center Association, retrieved 6/30/09.
- ^ a b c d Cultural Center Historic District from the National Park Service.
- ^ James Hawkins (January 6, 2011). "Iconic Rackham building more than meets the eye". The South End (www.thesouthend.wayne.edu). http://www.thesouthend.wayne.edu/index.php/article/2010/12/iconic_rackham_building_more_than_meets_the_eye. Retrieved January 24, 2011.
References and further reading
- Hill, Eric J. and John Gallagher (2002). AIA Detroit: The American Institute of Architects Guide to Detroit Architecture. Wayne State University Press. ISBN 0-8143-3120-3.
- Meyer, Katherine Mattingly and Martin C.P. McElroy with Introduction by W. Hawkins Ferry, Hon A.I.A. (1980). Detroit Architecture A.I.A. Guide Revised Edition. Wayne State University Press. ISBN 0-8143-1651-4.
City of Detroit Metro Detroit · Michigan · United States Architecture of metropolitan Detroit Skyscrapers10 tallest
to 73 stories20 tallest30 tallest40 tallest50 - 195 tallest60 - 195 tallest70 - 195 tallestNew Center
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under 10 stories
Parks and gardens Museums and librariesDetroit Institute of Arts · Detroit Public Library · Museum of African American History · Science Center · Historical Museum · Cranbrook · The Henry Ford · Meadowbrook Hall · Fair Lane · Edsel and Eleanor Ford House · Pewabic Pottery · Southfield Public Library · University of Michigan Museum of Art Religious landmarksReligious landmarks Performance centers Neighborhood
Arden Park-East Boston · Atkinson Avenue · Beverly Road · Boston-Edison · Brush Park · Canton Township MPS · Corktown · East Ferry · East Grand Boulevard · East Jefferson Avenue · Grosse Pointe · Highland Heights-Stevens' Sub. · Indian Village · Layafette Park · Northville · Palmer Park Apartments · Palmer Woods · Park Avenue · Rosedale Gardens · Rosedale Park · Sherwood Forest · Virginia Park · Warren-Prentis · West Canfield · West Village · Willis-Seldon · Woodbridge · Woodward East · (See also: Historic homes)Mixed-use
Adams Street · Broadway Ave. · Capitol Park · Cass Park · Cass-Davenport · Congress Street · Cultural Center · Eastern Market · Eastside Cemetery · Financial District · Grand Boulevard · Grand Circus · Grand River Avenue · Gratiot Avenue · Griswold Street · Greektown · West Jefferson Avenue · Jefferson Chalmers · Larned Street · Michigan Avenue · Monroe Avenue · New Amsterdam · New Center · Piquette Ave · Randolph Street · Shelby Street · State Street · Sugar Hill · University-Cultural Center · Washington Boulevard · Wayne State University · West Vernor-Junction · West Vernor-Lawndale · West Vernor-Springwells · Lower Woodward · Midtown Woodward · Woodward Avenue
See also: List of tallest buildings in Detroit National Register of Historic Places in Wayne County, Michigan Historic districts
Annapolis Park Historic District | Arden Park-East Boston Historic District | Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary Church | Belle Isle Park | Beverly Road Historic District | Boston-Edison Historic District | Broadway Avenue Historic District | Capitol Park Historic District | Cass-Davenport Historic District | Cass Park Historic District | Cherry Hill Historic District | Corktown Historic District | Cultural Center Historic District | Detroit Financial District | Eastern Market Historic District | East Ferry Avenue Historic District | East Grand Boulevard Historic District | East River Road Historic District | Eastside Historic Cemetery District | Fort Wayne | Grand Circus Park Historic District | Greektown Historic District | Grosse Pointe Academy | Grosse Pointe South High School | Helen Newberry Nurses Home | Highland Heights-Stevens' Subdivision Historic District | Indian Village Historic District | Jefferson-Chalmers Historic Business District | Jefferson Intermediate School | John and Edna Truesdell Fischer Farmstead | Lower Woodward Avenue Historic District | Medbury's-Grove Lawn Subdivisions Historic District | Midtown Woodward Historic District | Mies van der Rohe Residential District, Lafayette Park | Monroe Avenue Commercial Buildings | New Amsterdam Historic District | Northville Historic District | Palmer Park Apartment Building Historic District | Palmer Park Boulevard Apartments District | Palmer Woods Historic District | Park Avenue Historic District | Piquette Avenue Industrial Historic District | Randolph Street Commercial Buildings Historic District | Rosedale Gardens Historic District | Rosedale Park Historic District | St. Charles Borromeo Roman Catholic Parish Complex | St. Florian Church | Sugar Hill Historic District | Virginia Park Historic District | Warren-Prentis Historic District | Washington Boulevard Historic District | Wayne State University Buildings | West Canfield Historic District | West Vernor-Junction Historic District | West Vernor-Lawndale Historic District | West Vernor-Springwells Historic District | West Village Historic District | Willis-Selden Historic District | Woodbridge Historic District | Woodward East Historic District |
Albert Kahn House | Alden Park Towers | Alexander Chapoton House | Alexander Chene House | Alger Theater | Antietam Street-Grand Trunk Railroad Bridge | Architects Building | Arthur M. Parker House | Bagley Memorial Fountain | Barlum Tower | Belcrest Hotel | Benjamin and Mary Ann Bradford House | Bernard Ginsburg House | Breitmeyer-Tobin Building | Carl E. and Alice Candler Schmidt House | Carlton D. Wall House | Cary Building | Cass Avenue Methodist Episcopal Church | Cass Motor Sales | Cathedral Church of St. Paul Complex | Cathedral of the Most Blessed Sacrament | Central United Methodist Church | Central Woodward Christian Church | Chapel of St. Theresa-the Little Flower | Chateau Frontenac Apartments | Chatsworth Apartments | Century Building and Little Theatre | Charles G. Curtiss Sr. House | Charles J. and Ingrid V. (Frendberg) Koebel House | Charles Lang Freer House | Charles Trombly House | Charles Trowbridge House | Chestnut Street-Grand Trunk Railroad Bridge | Christ Church Chapel | Christ Church, Detroit | Col. Frank J. Hecker House | Commandant's Quarters | Coronado Apartments | Croul-Palms House | Crescent Brass and Pin Company Building | David and Elizabeth Bell Boldman House | David Whitney House | Dearborn Inn and Colonial Homes | Defer Elementary School | Detroit Club | Detroit-Columbia Central Office Building | Detroit Cornice and Slate Company Building | Detroit Edison Company Willis Avenue Station | Detroit-Leland Hotel | Detroit Masonic Temple | Detroit Naval Armory | Detroit Yacht Club | Dry Dock Engine Works-Detroit Dry Dock Company Complex | Dunbar Hospital | East River Road – North Hickory Canal Bridge | Eddystone Hotel | Edwin Denby High School | Edwin S. George Building | Eighth Precinct Police Station | Elisha Taylor House | El Tovar Apartments | Elwood Bar | Engine House No. 11 | Engine House No. 18 | Ephraim and Emma Woodworth Truesdell House | Farwell Building | Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago Detroit Branch Building | Ferry Street – Thorofare Canal Bridge | Fisher and New Center Buildings | First Baptist Church of Detroit | First Congregational Church | First Presbyterian Church | First Unitarian Church of Detroit | First United Methodist Church | Ford-Bacon House | Ford Valve Plant | Fort Street Presbyterian Church | Fort Shelby Hotel | Fort Street-Pleasant Street and Norfolk & Western Railroad Viaduct | Francis Palms Building & State Theater | Franklin H. Walker House | Frederick K. Stearns House | Frederick Stearns Building | Frederic M. Sibley Lumber Company Office Building | Garden Bowl | Garden Court Apartments | General Motors Research Laboratory | George and Mary Pine Smith House | George P. MacNichol House | George W. Loomer House | Gethsemane Evangelical Lutheran Church | Gibraltar Road – Waterway Canal Bridge | Globe Tobacco Building | Grace Evangelical Lutheran Church | Grand Army of the Republic Building | Grand Riviera Theater | Graybar Electric Company Building | Greenfield Union School | Greenmead Farms | Griswold Building | Grosse Pointe Memorial Church | Grosse Pointe War Memorial | Henry Ford Square House | Henry W. Baker House | Herman Strasburg House | Hibbard Apartment Building | Highland Park General Hospital | Highland Park Presbyterian Church | Hook and Ladder House No. 5-Detroit Fire Department Repair Shop | Hotel Stevenson | Hudson-Evans House | Hunter House | Hurlbut Memorial Gate | Hull's Trace North Huron River Corduroy Segment | James A. Garfield School | Jefferson Avenue – Huron River and Harbin Drive – Silver Creek Canal Bridges | Jefferson Hall | Jerome H. Remick and Company Building | John and Eliza Barr Patterson House | John and Emma Lacey Eberts House | John Harvey House | John N. Bagley House | John T. Woodhouse House | Joseph Campau House | Kingston Arms Apartments | Lancaster and Waumbek Apartments | Lawyers Building | L. B. King and Company Building | League of Catholic Women Building | Lee Plaza Hotel | Lewis Cass Technical High School | Lilley Road – Lower Rouge River Bridge | Lincoln Park Post Office | Maccabees Building | Majestic Theater | Manchester Apartments | Mariners' Church | Marx House | McGregor Memorial Conference Center | Mellus Newspapers Building | Merchants Building | Metropolitan United Methodist Church | Michigan Bell and Western Electric Warehouse | Michigan Soldiers' and Sailors' Monument | Michigan State Fair Riding Coliseum, Dairy Cattle Building, and Agricultural Building | Moross House | Mulford T. Hunter House | Nellie Leland School | North Woodward Congregational Church | Orchestra Hall | Orrin and Roxanne Fairman Kinyon House | Orson Everitt House | Ossian H. Sweet House | Park Avenue House | Parke-Davis and Company Pharmaceutical Company Plant | Parke Lane Road – Thorofare Canal Bridge | Pasadena Apartments | Paul Harvey Deming House | Penn Central Station | Pere Gabriel Richard Elementary School | Perry McAdow House | Philetus W. Norris House | Phillip and Maria Hasselbach Dingledey House | Ponchartrain Apartments | Redford Theatre Building | Redford Township District No. 5 School | River Terrace Apartments | Robert M. and Matilda (Kitch) Grindley House | Sacred Heart Major Seminary | Sacred Heart Roman Catholic Church, Convent and Rectory | St. Albertus Roman Catholic Church | Saint Andrew's Memorial Episcopal Church | Ste. Anne Roman Catholic Church Complex | St. Bonaventure Monastery | St. Boniface Roman Catholic Church | St. Catherine of Siena Roman Catholic Church | St. James Episcopal Church | St. John's Episcopal Church | Saint John's-St. Luke's Evangelical Church | St. Josaphat's Roman Catholic Church | St. Joseph's Episcopal Church (1883) | St. Joseph's Episcopal Church (1926) | St. Joseph Roman Catholic Church | Saint Paul Catholic Church Complex | Saint Paul Manor Apartments | Saints Peter and Paul Academy | Saints Peter and Paul Church | St. Stanislaus Bishop and Martyr Roman Catholic Church | St. Theresa of Avila Roman Catholic Church | St. Thomas the Apostle Catholic Church | Samuel L. Smith House | Santa Fe Apartments | Scarab Club | Second Baptist Church of Detroit | Sheldon Inn | Sibley House | Somerset Apartments | South Pointe Drive – Frenchman's Creek Bridge | S. S. Kresge World Headquarters | State Savings Bank | Stuber-Stone Building | Sweetest Heart Of Mary Roman Catholic Church | Temple Beth-El (Bonstelle Theatre) | Temple Beth-El (Lighthouse Cathedral) | The Clay School | The Harmonie Club | The Kean | The Palms | The Players | The Wardell | Third Precinct Police Station | Thomas and Isabella Moore Clyde House | Thomas and Maria Blackman Bartlett House | Thomas A. Parker House | Thomas S. Sprague House | Thompson Home | Tiger Stadium | Trinity Episcopal Church | Trinity Evangelical Lutheran Church Complex | Trinity United Methodist Church | US 12 Bridges | Vanity Ballroom Building | Verona Apartments | Vinton Building | Waltz Road – Huron River Bridge | Wayne County Building | West Jefferson Avenue – Rouge River Bridge | West Side Dom Polski | Whittier Hotel | William B. and Mary Chase Stratton House | William C. Boydell House | William H. Wells House | Wilson Barn | Wilson Theatre | Women's City Club | Woodward Avenue Presbyterian Church | Wyandotte Odd Fellows Temple |
National Historic Landmarks Former listings
Lincoln Motor Company Plant | SS Ste. Claire
See also: National Register of Historic Places listings in Wayne County, Michigan and List of National Historic Landmarks in Michigan U.S. National Register of Historic Places Topics Lists by statesAlabama • Alaska • Arizona • Arkansas • California • Colorado • Connecticut • Delaware • Florida • Georgia • Hawaii • Idaho • Illinois • Indiana • Iowa • Kansas • Kentucky • Louisiana • Maine • Maryland • Massachusetts • Michigan • Minnesota • Mississippi • Missouri • Montana • Nebraska • Nevada • New Hampshire • New Jersey • New Mexico • New York • North Carolina • North Dakota • Ohio • Oklahoma • Oregon • Pennsylvania • Rhode Island • South Carolina • South Dakota • Tennessee • Texas • Utah • Vermont • Virginia • Washington • West Virginia • Wisconsin • Wyoming Lists by territories Lists by associated states Other Category:National Register of Historic Places • Portal:National Register of Historic Places
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