Languages written in a Cyrillic alphabet


Languages written in a Cyrillic alphabet

This is a list of languages that have been written in the Cyrillic script at one time or another. See also early Cyrillic alphabet.

Distribution of the Cyrillic script worldwide. The dark green shows the countries that use Cyrillic as the one main script; the lighter green those that use Cyrillic alongside another official script.

Contents

Indo-European languages

  • Romance languages
    • Romanian (up to the 19th century, and a different form of Cyrillic in Moldova from 1940–89 exclusively; now Cyrillic is used in Transnistria officially and in the rest of the country in everyday communication by some groups of people; see Moldovan alphabet)
    • Ladino in occasional Bulgarian Sephardic publications.

Languages of the Caucasus

(This group is not assumed to comprise genetically related subgroups.)

Sino-Tibetan languages

Chukotko-Kamchatkan languages

Mongolian languages

Tungusic languages

  • Even
  • Evenk (since 1937)
  • Nanai
  • Udihe (Udekhe) (writing recently is not used)

Turkic languages

  • Altay
  • Azerbaijani/Azeri (1939–91, exclusively in Cyrillic, since 1991 officially in Roman)
  • Balkar
  • Bashkir
  • Chuvash
  • Crimean Tatar (1938–91)
  • Gagauz (1957-1990s, exclusively in Cyrillic, since 1990s officially in Roman, but in reality in everyday communication Cyrillic is used alongside with Roman script)
  • Kazakh
  • Karachay
  • Karakalpak (1940s–1990s)
  • Karaim language (20-th century)
  • Khakas
  • Kumyk
  • Kyrgyz
  • Nogai
  • Tatar (since 1939)
  • Turkmen (1940–94 exclusively in Cyrillic, since 1994 officially in Roman, but in reality in everyday communication Cyrillic is used alongside with Roman script)
  • Tuvan
  • Uyghur (Called Uyghur Siril Yëziqi. Used along with Uyghur Ereb Yëziqi, Uyghur Latin Yëziqi and Uyghur Pinyin Yëziqi)
  • Uzbek (1941–98 exclusively in Cyrillic, since 1998 Cyrillic is used alongside with Roman script, which was prescribed as the future alphabet of Uzbek)
  • Yakut

Uralic languages

Eskimo-Aleut languages

Afro-Asiatic languages

Other languages

References


See also


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