Crovan dynasty


Crovan dynasty
The division between the lands of the Crovan dynasty and Clann Somhairle, in about 1200.

The Crovan dynasty, from the late 11th century to the mid 13th century, was the ruling family of an insular kingdom known variously in secondary sources as the Kingdom of Mann, the Kingdom of the Isles, and the Kingdom of Mann and the Isles. The eponymous founder of the dynasty was Godred Crovan, who appeared from obscurity in the late 11th century, before his takeover of the Isle of Man and Dublin. The dynasty was of Gaelic-Scandinavian origin, possibly descending from a branch of the Uí Ímair, a dominate kindred in the Irish Sea region which first appears on record in the late 9th century.

Leading members of the Crovan dynasty formed marriage-alliances with the Irish and Norwegian kings, as well as Hebridean, Gallovidian, and Anglo-Norman lords, and possibly Welsh princes as well. Surrounded by sometimes threatening English, Norwegian and Scottish monarchs, and various warlords from the western seaboard of Scotland, the leading members of the dynasty at times tactfully recognised the overlordship of certain kings of Norway and England, and even the Papacy. The military might of the dynasty were their fleets of galleys, and their forces battled in Ireland, the Hebrides, Wales, and the Isle of Man. The importance of the galley to the sea-kings of the Crovan dynasty is illustrated in its implementation upon seals that certain members are known to have used.

Alex Woolf believes the Clann Somhairle can be regarded as a female line cadet branch of the Crovan dynasty and through them the Uí Ímair.[1]

References

Bibliography
  • Downham, Clare (2007), Viking Kings of Britain and Ireland: The Dynasty of Ívarr to A.D. 1014, Edinburgh: Dunedin Academic Press, ISBN 978-1-903765-89-0 .
  • McDonald, R. Andrew (2007), Manx Kingship in its Irish sea Setting, 1187–1229: King Rǫgnvaldr and the Crovan dynasty, Dublin: Four Courts Press, ISBN 978-1-84682-047-2 .

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Godred Crovan — (irlandés antiguo: Gofraid mac meic Arailt; Gofraid Méranech; nórdico antiguo: Guðrøðr;[1] idioma manes: Gorree Crovan) (m. 1095) fue un caudillo hiberno nórdico, monarca del reino de Dublín y rey de Man y las islas durante la segunda mitad del… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Olaf the Black — Óláfr Guðrøðarson King of the Isles The title, rex manniæ et insularum ( King of Mann and the Isles ), given to Óláfr in the Chronicle of Mann.[1] …   Wikipedia

  • Magnus Olafsson — Magnús Óláfsson King of Mann and the Isles Magnús name and title as it appears on folio 49r. of the Chronicle of Mann: magnus rex manniæ et insularum …   Wikipedia

  • Kingdom of the Isles — Location of the Kingdom of Mann and the Isles in the twelfth century The Kingdom of the Isles comprised the Hebrides, the islands of the Firth of Clyde and the Isle of Man from the 9th to the 13th centuries AD. The islands were known to the Norse …   Wikipedia

  • Olaf I Godredsson — For other people named Olaf Godredsson, see Olaf Godredsson (disambiguation). Olaf Godredsson King of Mann and the Isles Gaelic Amlaíb mac Gofraid Old Norse Óláfr Guðrøðarson Died 1153 …   Wikipedia

  • Scandinavian Scotland — History of Scotland This article is part of a series Chronologicy …   Wikipedia

  • Amlaíb Cuarán — A coin minted at York in the early 940s, the obverse (right) face shows a triquetra and the legend ANLAF CVNVNCC (King Anlaf, the Old English form of Amlaíb /Óláfr), the reverse (left) face shows a banner, perhaps the Raven banner and the name of …   Wikipedia

  • Diarmait mac Maíl na mBó — King of Leinster, King of Ireland with opposition Died 7 February 1072 Place of death Odba (near Navan, County Meath) Predecessor Murchad mac Dúnlainge …   Wikipedia

  • Magnus III of Norway — Magnus Barefoot (Barfoot) King of Norway Reign 1093–1103 Predecessor Olaf Kyrre Successor Olaf Magnusson, Eystein Magnusson and Sigurd the Crusader Consort …   Wikipedia

  • Murchad mac Diarmata — For the Clann Cholmáin king of Uisnech, see Murchad Midi. Murchad mac Diarmata (died 1070) was a King of Leinster and Dublin. He was a member of Leinster s Uí Cheinnselaig dynasty. Murchad was survived by his father Diarmait mac Maíl na mBó (died …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.