Crop


Crop
Domesticated plants
Crops drying in a home in Punjab, India.

A crop is a non-animal species or variety that is grown to be harvested as food, livestock fodder, fuel or for any other economic purpose. Major world crops include maize (corn), wheat, rice, soybeans, hay, potatoes and cotton. While the term "crop" most commonly refers to plants, it can also include species from other biological kingdoms. For example, mushrooms like shiitake, which are in the fungi kingdom, can be referred to as crops. In addition, certain species of algae are also cultivated, although it is also harvested from the wild. In contrast, animal species that are raised by humans are called livestock, except those that are kept as pets. Microbial species, such as bacteria or viruses, are referred to as cultures. Microbes are not typically grown for food, but are rather used to alter food. For example, bacteria is used to ferment milk to produce yogurt.

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Synonyms:

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  • crop — crop; crop·man; crop·py; kill·crop; ma·crop·sis; mi·crop·o·dal; mi·crop·sia; mi·crop·ter·ism; mi·crop·ter·ous; mi·crop·ter·us; mi·crop·te·ryg·i·dae; mi·crop·tic; ne·crop·o·lis; out·crop·per; an·ti·crop; crop·per; in·ter·crop; ma·crop·o·did;… …   English syllables

  • crop — [krɒp ǁ krɑːp] noun [countable] FARMING 1. a plant such as wheat, rice, or fruit that is grown by farmers in order to be eaten or used in industry: • The main crop in China is rice. • the cotton crop 2. the amount of wheat, rice, fruit etc that… …   Financial and business terms

  • Crop — (kr[o^]p), n. [OE. crop, croppe, craw, top of a plant, harvest, AS. crop, cropp, craw, top, bunch, ear of corn; akin to D. krop craw, G. kropf, Icel. kroppr hump or bunch on the body, body; but cf. also W. cropa, croppa, crop or craw of a bird,… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • crop — [kräp] n. [ME croppe < OE croppa, a cluster, flower, crop of bird, hence kidney, pebble; akin to Frank * kruppa, Ger kropf, a swelling, crop of bird (basic sense “something swelling out or swollen”) < IE * gr eu b , curving out < base *… …   English World dictionary

  • crop — ► NOUN 1) a plant, especially a cereal, fruit, or vegetable, cultivated for food or other use. 2) an amount of a crop harvested at one time. 3) an amount of people or things appearing at one time: the current crop of politicians. 4) a very short… …   English terms dictionary

  • Crop — Crop, v. i. To yield harvest. [1913 Webster] {To crop out}. (a) (Geol.) To appear above the surface, as a seam or vein, or inclined bed, as of coal. (b) To come to light; to be manifest; to appear; as, the peculiarities of an author crop out. {To …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Crop — Crop, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Cropped} (kr[o^]pt); p. pr. & vb. n. {Cropping}.] 1. To cut off the tops or tips of; to bite or pull off; to browse; to pluck; to mow; to reap. [1913 Webster] I will crop off from the top of his young twigs a tender one …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • crop — s.n. (reg.; despre lichide, în expr.) A da în crop = a începe să se încălzească, a se încropi; a da în fiert. – Din uncrop. Trimis de IoanSoleriu, 31.07.2004. Sursa: DEX 98  crop s. n. Trimis de siveco, 10.08.2004. Sursa: Dicţionar ortografic …   Dicționar Român

  • crop — O.E. cropp bird s craw, also head or top of a sprout or herb. The common notion is protuberance. Cognate with O.H.G. kropf, O.N. kroppr. Meaning harvest product is c.1300, probably through verb meaning cut off the top of a plant (c.1200). The… …   Etymology dictionary

  • crop — [n] harvest of fruit, vegetable annual production, byproduct, crops, fruitage, fruits, gathering, gleaning, output, produce, product, reaping, season’s growth, vintage, yield; concept 429 crop [v] cut, trim off chop, clip, curtail, detach,… …   New thesaurus

  • Crop — Crop. См. Прибыль. (Источник: «Металлы и сплавы. Справочник.» Под редакцией Ю.П. Солнцева; НПО Профессионал , НПО Мир и семья ; Санкт Петербург, 2003 г.) …   Словарь металлургических терминов


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