Croix de guerre 1939–1945 (France)


Croix de guerre 1939–1945 (France)
Croix de guerre 1939–1945
Croix-de-guerre-contraste-IMG 0949.jpg
French Croix de Guerre of World War II with one gilt palm
Awarded by Flag of France.svg France
Type Medal
Awarded for Military duty during World War II mentioned in Despatches
Status Closed
Clasps silver gilt palm
silver palm
bronze palm
gilt star
silver star
bronze star
Statistics
Established September 26, 1939
Precedence
Next (higher) Croix de guerre 1914–1918
Next (lower) Croix de guerre des TOE
Croix de Guerre 1939-1945 ribbon.svg

Streamer FCDG WWII.png
Ribbon bar & streamer of the French Croix de guerre 1939–1945

The Croix de guerre 1939–1945 (French for "Cross of War") is a French military decoration created on September 26, 1939, to honour people who fought with the Allies against the Axis force at any time during World War II.

Contents

Recipients

The recipients were pretty various according to the large line of war zone :

On every "Croix de guerre", there is at least one mention, this one is awarded for gallantry to any member of the French military or its allies. The degree shows the importance of the former warriors role during the World War II : the lowest degree is represented by a bronze star while the highest degree is represented by a bronze palm. On a "Croix de guerre", the number of mentions are not limited.

Militaria insignia

  • Medal
The medal was designed by the sculptor Paul-Albert Bartholomé. It is 37 mm large and there are four arms and two swords criss-crossed. In the center of the front side, is the profile of the French Republic crested by a Phrygian cap. Around this portrait, are the words République française ("French Republic"). On the back of the medal, are the dates of the conflict : 1939–1940, 1939–1945, or simply 1940.
  • Ribbon
red on the back crossed with four green lines in its center.

Acknowledgements

  • Mentioned in Despatches : the lowest degree is represented by a bronze star while the highest degree is represented by a bronze palm
    • a bronze star for those who had been mentioned at the regiment or brigade level.
    • a silver star, for those who had been mentioned at the division level.
    • a silver-gilt star for those who had been mentioned at the corps level.
    • a bronze palm for those who had been mentioned at the army level.
    • a silver palm represents five bronze ones.
    • a silver-gilt palm for those who had been mentioned at the Free French Forces level (World War II only).

The mentions are awarded for gallantry to any member of the French military or its allies and are, depending on the degree, roughly the equivalent for U.S. Bronze Star and Silver Star or UK Military Cross and Military Medal.

  • Examples of translation from French
    • étoile en argent = silver star
    • palme en vermeil = silver-gilt palm

See also


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