- South Tipperary
Tiobraid Árann Theas
— County —
Coat of arms
Motto: Vallis Aurea Siurensis (Latin)
"The Golden Vale of the Suir"
Country Ireland Province Munster County seat Clonmel Government - Type County Council Area - Total 2,257 km2 (871.4 sq mi) Population (2011) 88,433 Car plates TS Website southtipperary.ie
South Tipperary (Irish: Tiobraid Árann Theas) is a county in Ireland. It is part of the South-East Region and is also located in the province of Munster. South Tipperary County Council is the local authority for the county. It consists of 52% of the land area of the traditional county of Tipperary. The population of the county is 88,433 according to the 2011 census.
Geography and political subdivisions
The region is part of the central plain of Ireland, but the diversified terrain contains several mountain ranges: the Knockmealdown, the Galtee. No part of the county touches the coast. The county is drained by the River Suir. The centre is known as 'the Golden Vale', a rich pastoral stretch of land in the Suir basin which extends into counties Limerick and Cork.
The county was established in 1898 and has had a county council ever since, with separate assize courts since 1838. The county seat is Clonmel; other important urban centres include Carrick-on-Suir, Cashel, Cahir, and Tipperary. The county's motto is Vallis Aurea Siurensis (Latin: The Golden Vale of the Suir).
Vital statistics for 2004 released by the Central Statistics Office show that South Tipperary has the lowest rate of neo-natal mortality in the country, at 0.9 occurrences per 1000 people. This compares with 2.9 for North Tipperary, and 3.4 for Dublin City.
Civil parishes and townlands
Civil parishes in Ireland were delineated after the Down Survey as an intermediate subdivision, with multiple townlands per parish and multiple parishes per barony. The civil parishes had some use in local taxation and were included on the nineteenth century maps of the Ordnance Survey of Ireland. For poor law purposes, District Electoral Divisions replaced civil parishes in the mid-nineteenth century. There are 123 civil parishes in the county.
Local government and politics
The administrative county of Tipperary (South Riding) was established in 1898 and continued in existence until 2002. The area also had a separate existence as a judicial county following the establishment of assize courts in 1838. The council's name changed to South Tipperary County Council under the Local Government Act 2001. The Council oversees the county as an independent local government area. Per Schedule 8 of the Local Government Act 2001, the Council resolved to give to the office of its chairperson and vice-chairperson the title of “Mayor” or “Deputy Mayor”, respectively. The Council is made up of 21 representatives, directly elected through the system of proportional representation by means of a single transferable vote. The present Council was elected at the local elections held in June 2004.
The functions of the Council are divided into reserved and executive functions. Reserved functions are carried out by the members and relate primarily to policy issues, including the county development plan and the annual budget. Executive functions are the responsibility of the county manager. These include the day to day administration of services.
Under the provisions of the Local Government Act 1991, (Regional Authorities) (Establishment) Order, 1993, the territory of South Tipperary is defined as being in the South-East Region. This region is a NUTS III region of the European Union. The county of North Tipperary, by contrast, is part of the Mid-West Region Region. At a NUTS II level, both counties are in the Southern and Eastern region.
For the purposes of elections to Dáil Éireann, the bulk of the county is part of the constituency of Tipperary South The constituency returns 3 deputies to Dáil Éireann. Some northern portions of the county lie in the constituency of Tipperary North. For elections to the European Parliament, the county is part of the South constituency which returns 3 MEPs.
Native Irish speakers existed in South Tipperary until the middle of the 20th century. Recordings of the dialect before the last native speakers died have been made available through a project of the Royal Irish Academy Library.
Leading population centers Rank Town Population Barony
1 Clonmel 17,008 Iffa and Offa East 2 Carrick-on-Suir 5,906 Iffa and Offa East 3 Tipperary 5,065 Clanwilliam 4 Cahir 3,904 Iffa and Offa West 5 Cashel 2,936 Middle Third 6 Killenaule 1,774 Slievardagh 7 Fethard 1,374 Middle Third 8 Bansha 1,090 Clanwilliam based on Irish Census 2006 Records
- ^ "Interactive map (civil parish boundaries viewable in Historic layer)". Mapviewer. Ordnance Survey of Ireland. http://ims0.osiemaps.ie/website/publicviewer/main.aspx. Retrieved 9 March 2010.
- ^ Placenames Database of Ireland - Tipperary civil parishes.
- ^ Official Irish Statues website. Local Government Act 1991, (Regional Authorities) (Establishment) Order.
- ^ "Electoral (Amendment) Act 2009: Schedule". Irish Statute Book database. http://www.irishstatutebook.ie/2009/en/act/pub/0004/sched.html. Retrieved 29 September 2010.
- ^ The Doegen Records Web Project (2009). "Recordings of Séamas Ó Liatháin" (in Irish). Royal Irish Academy. http://dho.ie/doegen/search/node/S%C3%A9amas%20%C3%93%20Liath%C3%A1in. Retrieved 18 February 2010.
Counties of IrelandThe counties are listed per province Connacht Munster Leinster Ulster Local administrative units of IrelandThe councils are listed per NUTS 3 region. Border Region West Region Midlands Region
Laois County Council · Longford County Council · Offaly County Council · Westmeath County Council
Mid-East Region Dublin Region South-East Region
Carlow County Council · Kilkenny County Council · South Tipperary County Council · Waterford City Council · Waterford County Council · Wexford County Council
South-West Region Mid-West Region Places in South Tipperary Towns VillagesArdfinnan · Ballingarry · Ballyclerahan · Ballylooby · Ballyporeen · Bansha · Boytonrath · Cappawhite · Clogheen · Clonoulty · Coalbrook · Cullen · Donohill · Dualla · Dundrum · Emly · Garranlea · Golden · Gortnahoe · Hollyford · Husseystown · Killenaule · Kilsheelan · Kilmoyler · Lisronagh · Marlfield · Mullinahone · New Birmingham · Newcastle · New Inn · Newtown · Ninemilehouse · Rosegreen · Rossmore · Skeheenarinky BaroniesList of townlands in County Tipperary · Category:Mountains and hills of County Tipperary · Category:Rivers of County Tipperary · Category:Geography of South Tipperary · Baronies of Tipperary
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