Anhalt-Bernburg


Anhalt-Bernburg
Principality (Duchy) of Anhalt-Bernburg
Fürstentum (Herzogtum) Anhalt-Bernburg
State of the Holy Roman Empire (until 1806)

1252–1468
1603–1863

Flag Coat of arms
Anhalt territories in 1853, Anhalt-Bernburg in green
Capital Bernburg
Government Principality
Historical era Middle Ages
 - Partitioned from Anhalt 1252
 - Inherited by
    Anhalt-Dessau
1468
 - Repartitioned from
    Anhalt
1603
 - Split off
    Anhalt-Zeitz-Hoym
1718
 - Riased to duchy 1803
 - Anhalt re-united 1863
Today part of Saxony-Anhalt, Germany

Anhalt-Bernburg was a principality of the Holy Roman Empire and a duchy of the German Confederation ruled by the House of Ascania with its residence at Bernburg in present-day Saxony-Anhalt. It emerged as a subdivision from Anhalt from 1252 to 1468 and again from 1603 until the re-unification in 1863.

Bernburg Castle

It was created in 1252, when the Principality of Anhalt was partitioned among the sons of Henry I into Anhalt-Aschersleben, Anhalt-Bernburg and Anhalt-Zerbst. Bernburg was allotted to Henry's second son Bernhard I. When the line of Anhalt-Aschersleben became extinct in 1315, Prince Bernhard II of Anhalt-Bernburg claimed their territory, he could however not prevail against his cousin Albert, Bishop of Halberstadt. After the ruling family became extinct upon the death of Prince Bernhard VI in 1468, Anhalt-Bernburg was inherited by Prince George I of Anhalt-Dessau. With Anhalt-Dessau it was inherited by Prince Joachim Ernest of Anhalt-Zerbst in 1561, who unified all Anhalt lands under his rule in 1570.

Re-united Anhalt was again divided in 1603 among Prince Joachim Ernest's sons into the lines of Anhalt-Dessau, Anhalt-Köthen, Anhalt-Plötzkau, Anhalt-Bernburg and Anhalt-Zerbst. His second son Prince Christian I took his residence at Bernburg. Christian's younger son Frederick established the separate Principality of Anhalt-Harzgerode in 1635, which existed until 1709. Prince Victor Amadeus of Anhalt-Bernburg inherited Anhalt-Plötzkau in 1665. Upon his death in 1718 his lands were further divided and the Principality of Anhalt-Zeitz-Hoym was created for his second son Lebrecht, which was reunited with Anhalt-Bernburg in 1812.

In 1803 Prince Alexius Frederick Christian of Anhalt-Bernburg was elevated to the rank of a duke by Emperor Francis II of Habsburg. His son Duke Alexander Karl however died without issue in 1863, whereafter Anhalt-Bernburg was inherited by Duke Leopold IV of Anhalt-Dessau, re-uniting all Anhalt lands under his rule.

Princes of Anhalt-Bernburg 1252–1468

To Anhalt-Dessau

Princes of Anhalt-Bernburg 1603–1807

Raised to duchy

Dukes of Anhalt-Bernburg 1803–1863

To re-united Anhalt

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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Anhalt-Bernburg — Anhalt Bernbourg Principauté / Duché d Anhalt Bernbourg Fürstentum / Herzogtum Anhalt Bernburg de 1252   1468 1603   1863 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Anhalt-Bernburg — Anhalt Bernburg, 1) Herzogthum, s. Anhal. (Geogr.) II.; 2) a) ältere Linie 1251 bis 1468, s. Anhalt (Gesch.) II. B); b) die neue Bernburger Linie, seit 1603, s. ebd. III. B) u. Anhalt (Geneal.) …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Anhalt-Bernburg — Das Fürstentum Anhalt Bernburg war ein deutsches Fürstentum zur Zeit des Heiligen Römischen Reiches deutscher Nation, des Rheinbundes und des Deutschen Bundes. Es bestand unter diesem Namen von 1252 bis 1468 und von 1603 bis 1863. Dann wurde das… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Anhalt-Bernburg-Schaumburg-Hoym — Anhalt Bernburg Schaumburg Hoym, apanagirte Nebenlinie von Anhalt Bernburg, 1718 bis 1812, s. Anhalt (Gesch.) III. B) c) …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Anhalt-Bernburg-Schaumburg-Hoym — Das Fürstentum Anhalt Bernburg war ein deutsches Fürstentum zur Zeit des Heiligen Römischen Reiches deutscher Nation, des Rheinbundes und des Deutschen Bundes. Es bestand unter diesem Namen von 1252 bis 1468 und von 1603 bis 1863. Dann wurde das… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Anhalt-Bernburg-Schaumburg-Hoym — Infobox Former Country native name = conventional long name = Anhalt Bernburg Schaumburg Hoym common name = Anhalt Bernburg Schaumburg Hoym| continent = Europe country = Germany status = Vassal empire = Holy Roman Empire government type =… …   Wikipedia

  • Christian I., Fürst von Anhalt-Bernburg — Christian I., Stich von Kilian 1615 (unrichtig als Christian II. bezeichnet) Christian I. (* 11. Mai 1568 in Bernburg; † 17. April 1630 in Bernburg) war bis zu seinem Tode regierender Fürst von Anhalt Bernburg, dazu ab 1595 Statthalter der …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Fürstentum Anhalt-Bernburg — Das Fürstentum Anhalt Bernburg war ein deutsches Fürstentum zur Zeit des Heiligen Römischen Reiches deutscher Nation, des Rheinbundes und des Deutschen Bundes. Es bestand unter diesem Namen von 1252 bis 1468 und von 1603 bis 1863. Dann wurde das… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Principality of Anhalt-Bernburg — Infobox Former Country native name = Fürstentum (Herzogtum) Anhalt Bernburg conventional long name = Principality (Duchy) of Anhalt Bernburg common name = Anhalt Bernburg| continent = Europe region = Central Europe country = Germany era = Middle… …   Wikipedia

  • Christian II. (Anhalt-Bernburg) — Fürst Christian II. von Anhalt Bernburg Christian II., Fürst von Anhalt Bernburg, auch Christian der Andere oder der Jüngere (* 11. August 1599 in Amberg, Oberpfalz; † 21. September 1656 in Bernburg) war regierender Fürst von Anhalt Bernburg …   Deutsch Wikipedia


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