- List of sovereign states and dependent territories in Oceania
This is a list of sovereign states and dependent territories in Oceania. Although it is mostly ocean and spans many continental plates, Oceania is often defined as a continent. This list follows the boundaries of geopolitical Oceania, which includes Melanesia, Micronesia, Polynesia, and Australasia. The main continental landmass of Oceania is Australia, with the second largest being Zealandia.
The division between Asia and Oceania is not clearly defined. The Malay Archipelago is sometimes included in a wider geographical definition of Oceania. By two other common divisions, due to the cultural Melanesian line and the ecological Wallace Line, the eastern half of Indonesia and East Timor are sometimes considered to be part of Oceania while the rest of the archipelago is in Asia. For political reasons, the United Nations considers the border is between the two regions to be the Indonesian–Papua New Guineaian border. Papua New Guinea is occasionally considered Asian due to its virtue of neighbouring Indonesia, but this is rare, and it is generally accepted to be part of Oceania. If the entire Malay archipelago is included as part of Oceania, then Malaysia, Singapore, Brunei, Indonesia, the Philippines, and East Timor are also included.
The following is a list of sovereign states which are usually considered to be Oceanian, and whom all have their capital city in Oceania. Of these, only Australia and New Zealand have territory outside of Oceania. All of these states are members of the Pacific Islands Forum except Fiji, which is suspended.
Flag Map English short and formal names
Domestic short and formal names Capital
Commonwealth of Australia
English: Australia — Commonwealth of Australia Canberra
21,766,711 7,741,220 km2 (2,988,902 sq mi) Fiji
Republic of the Fiji Islands
English: Fiji —Republic of the Fiji Islands
Fijian: Viti — Matanitu ko Viti
883,125 18,274 km2 (7,056 sq mi) Kiribati
Republic of Kiribati
English: Kiribati — Republic of Kiribati
Gilbertese: Kiribati — Ribaberiki Kiribati
100,743 811 km2 (313 sq mi) Marshall Islands
Republic of the Marshall Islands
English: Marshall Islands — Republic of the Marshall Islands
Marshallese: Aelōn in ̄ Maje ̧ļ
67,182 181 km2 (70 sq mi) Federated States of Micronesia / Micronesia English: Federated States of Micronesia Palikir
106,836 702 km2 (271 sq mi) Nauru
Republic of Nauru
English: Nauru — Republic of Nauru
No official Capital
Government offices are in Yaren
9,322 21 km2 (8 sq mi) New Zealand[note 2] English: New Zealand
4,290,347 267,710 km2 (103,363 sq mi) Palau
Republic of Palau
English: Palau — Republic of Palau
Palauan: Belau — Beluu er a Belau
20,956 459 km2 (177 sq mi) Papua New Guinea
Independent State of Papua New Guinea
English: Papua New Guinea — Independent State of Papua New Guinea
Tok Pisin: Papua Niugini — Independen Stet bilong Papua Niugini
English: Port Moresby
6,187,591 462,840 km2 (178,704 sq mi) Samoa
Independent State of Samoa
English: Samoa — Independent State of Samoa
Samoan: Samoa — Malo Sa‘oloto Tuto'atasi o Samoa
193,161 2,831 km2 (1,093 sq mi) Solomon Islands English: Solomon Islands Honiara
571,890 28,896 km2 (11,157 sq mi) Tonga
Kingdom of Tonga
English: Tonga — Kingdom of Tonga
Tongan: Tonga — Pule'anga Tonga
105,916 747 km2 (288 sq mi) Tuvalu English: Tuvalu
10,544 26 km2 (10 sq mi) Vanuatu
Republic of Vanuatu
Bislama: Vanuatu — Ripablik blong Vanuatu
English: Vanuatu — Republic of Vanuatu
French: Vanuatu — République de Vanuatu
Bislama: Port Vila
English: Port Vila
224,564 12,189 km2 (4,706 sq mi)
Dependent territories and other territories
Flag Map English short and formal names Status Domestic short and formal names Capital Population Area American Samoa
Territory of American Samoa
Insular area of the United States English: American Samoa — Territory of American Samoa
Samoan: Amerika Sāmoa
Pago Pago 67,242 199 km2 (77 sq mi) Ashmore and Cartier Islands
Territory of Ashmore and Cartier Islands
Territory of Australia English: Ashmore and Cartier Islands Uninhabited Uninhabited 5 km2 (2 sq mi) Baker Island United States Minor Outlying Island English: Baker Island Uninhabited Uninhabited 129.1 km2 (49.8 sq mi) Clipperton Island[note 3] French state private property French: Île Clipperton Uninhabited Uninhabited 6 km2 (2 sq mi) Cook Islands Self-governing state in free association with New Zealand English: Cook Islands
Cook Islands Māori: Kūki 'Āirani
Avarua 11,124 236 km2 (91 sq mi) Coral Sea Islands
Coral Sea Islands Territory
Territory of Australia English: Coral Sea Islands — Coral Sea Islands Territory Uninhabited Uninhabited < 3 km2 (1 sq mi) French Polynesia
Overseas Lands of French Polynesia
Overseas country of France French: Polynésie française — Pays d'outre-mer de la Polynesie Francaise  Papeete 294,935 4,167 km2 (1,609 sq mi) Guam
Territory of Guam
Insular area of the United States English: Guam — Territory of Guam
Hagåtña / Agaña 183,286 544 km2 (210 sq mi) Howland Island United States Minor Outlying Island English: Howland Island Uninhabited Uninhabited 138.6 km2 (53.5 sq mi) Jarvis Island United States Minor Outlying Island English: Jarvis Island Uninhabited Uninhabited 152 km2 (59 sq mi) Johnston Atoll United States Minor Outlying Island English: Johnston Atoll Uninhabited Uninhabited 276.6 km2 (106.8 sq mi) Kingman Reef United States Minor Outlying Island English: Kingman Reef Uninhabited Uninhabited 1,958.01 km2 (755.99 sq mi) Midway Islands United States Minor Outlying Island English: Midway Islands Uninhabited Uninhabited 2,355.2 km2 (909.3 sq mi) New Caledonia
Territory of New Caledonia and Dependencies
Sui generis collectivity of France French: Nouvelle-Calédonie — Territoire des Nouvelle-Caledonie et Dependances Nouméa 256,275 18,575 km2 (7,172 sq mi) Niue Self-governing state in free association with New Zealand Niuean: Niuē
Alofi 1,311 260 km2 (100 sq mi) Norfolk Island
Territory of Norfolk Island
Self-governing integral Territory of Australia English: Norfolk Island — Territory of Norfolk Island
Norfuk: Norfuk Ailen
Kingston 2,169 36 km2 (14 sq mi) Northern Mariana Islands
Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands
Insular area of the United States English: Northern Mariana Islands — Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands
Chamorro: Islas Mariånas — Sankattan Siha Na Islas Mariånas
Saipan 46,050 464 km2 (179 sq mi) Pitcairn Islands
Pitcairn, Henderson, Ducie, and Oeno Islands
British overseas territory English: Pitcairn Islands — Pitcairn, Henderson, Ducie and Oeno Islands Adamstown 48 47 km2 (18 sq mi) Tokelau Dependent territory of New Zealand Tokelauan: Tokelau
Each Atoll has its own administrative centre 1,384 12 km2 (5 sq mi) Wake Island United States Minor Outlying Island English: Wake Island Uninhabited Uninhabited 6.5 km2 (2.5 sq mi) Wallis and Futuna
Territory of the Wallis and Futuna Islands
Overseas collectivity of France French: Wallis et Futuna — Territoire des Iles Wallis et Futuna Mata-Utu 15,398 142 km2 (55 sq mi)
The following are incorporated parts of a non-Oceanian state.
Flag Map English short and formal names Status Domestic short and formal names Capital Easter Island Special territory of Chile Spanish: Isla de Pascua
Rapa Nui: Rapa Nui
Hanga Roa Hawaii
State of Hawaii
State of the USA English: Hawaii — State of Hawaii
Hawaiian: Hawaiʻi — Mokuʻāina o Hawaiʻi
Honolulu Juan Fernández Islands Special territory of Chile Spanish: Archipiélago Juan Fernández San Juan Bautista Marcus Island Part of Ogasawara village in Tokyo, Japan Japanese: 南鳥島 (
Uninhabited Okinotori Islands Part of Ogasawara village in Tokyo, Japan Japanese: 沖ノ鳥島
Uninhabited Palmyra Atoll United States Minor Outlying Island English: Palmyra Atoll Uninhabited Papua Province of Indonesia Indonesian: Papua Jayapura West Papua Province of Indonesia Indonesian: Papua Barat Manokwari
- ^ Australia contains 4 external territories not associated with Oceania, the Cocos (Keeling) Islands and Christmas Island in Asia, and the Heard and McDonald Islands and the claimed Australian Antarctic Territory in the Antarctic.
- ^ New Zealand also claims territory in the Antarctic as the Ross Dependency.
- ^ Clipperton Island is often associated with North America.
- ^ http://www.dfat.gov.au/aib/island_continent.html
- ^ http://www.endpoverty2015.org/en/asia/news/marcos-diaz-crosses-oceania-asia-border-raise-awareness-mdgs/13/may/10
- ^ a b c d e f g h i "Field Listing :: Names". CIA. https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/fields/2142.html. Retrieved 15 August 2011.
- ^ a b "UNGEGN List of Country Names". United Nations Group of Experts on Geographical Names. 2007. http://unstats.un.org/unsd/geoinfo/UNGEGN/docs/9th-uncsgn-docs/UNGEGN%20WG%20Country%20Names%20Document%20-%20August%202009.pdf. Retrieved 15 August 2011.
- ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u "List of countries, territories and currencies". Europa. 9 August 2011. http://publications.europa.eu/code/en/en-5000500.htm. Retrieved 23 August 2011.
- ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l "Field Listing :: Capital". CIA. https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/fields/2057.html. Retrieved 23 August 2011.
- ^ "UNGEGN World Geographical Names". United Nations Group of Experts on Geographical Names. 29 July 2011. http://unstats.un.org/unsd/geoinfo/geonames/. Retrieved 23 August 2011.
- ^ a b c d e f g h i j k "Country Comparison :: Population". CIA. https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/rankorder/2119rank.html. Retrieved 23 August 2011.
- ^ a b "Field Listing :: Area". CIA. https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/fields/2147.html. Retrieved 23 August 2011.
- ^ "Guam". CIA. https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/gq.html. Retrieved 23 August 2011.
Countries and territories of Oceania Sovereign statesAustralia · Chile (Easter Island · Juan Fernández Islands) · East Timor (Timor-Leste) · Fiji · Indonesia · Kiribati · Marshall Islands · Federated States of Micronesia · Japan (Bonin Islands) · Nauru · New Zealand · Palau · Papua New Guinea · Samoa · Solomon Islands · Tonga · Tuvalu · United States (Hawaii · Palmyra Atoll) · Vanuatu Dependencies and other territoriesAustraliaFranceNew ZealandUnited KingdomUnited States Lists of sovereign states and dependent territories by continent Continents Supercontinents
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