- Government of the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic
The Government of the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic was known officially as the Council of People's Commissars (1917–1946), Council of Ministers (1946–1978) and Council of Ministers – Government (1978–1991)
Council of People's Commissars
The Council of People's Commissars of the RSFSR (Russian: Совет народных комиссаров РСФСР) was government cabinet of the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic (RSFSR) from 1917 through 1946, when it was renamed the Council of Ministers of the RSFSR. In 1922 state powers of the institution were technically somewhat superseded by the Council of People's Commissars of USSR.
By September 1917, the councils (soviets) of workers, peasants and soldiers acquired considerable political and military power. The leaders of the Petrograd Soviet conspired to overthrow the Russian Provisional Government; the uprising started on 7 November 1917, when Red Guards units captured the Winter Palace. On the next day, 8 November 1917, the Second All-Russian Congress of Soviets recognized the success of the uprising, and formally established the new government that reflected the capture of the soviets by the Bolsheviks.
The government was formally called the Council of People's Commissars (Совет народных коммиссаров), abbreviated as Sovnarkom (Совнарком). It was Leon Trotsky who devised the council and commissar names, thereby avoiding the more "bourgeois" terms, minister and cabinet.
The People's Commissars (Russian: Народный комиссар, translit.: Narodny komissar, or Narkom) functioned as government ministers; a ministry was therefore called called a People's Commissariat (Russian: Народный комиссариат, translit.: Narodny komissariat, abbreviated to narkomat).
Traditionally, a government is a council of ministers nominated by a ruler or by a president, but the Bolsheviks saw this as a bourgeois institution, and wanted to create what they thought a new government of workers and peasants, a 'soviet' government.
The role and structure of the Sovnarkom was formalized in the 1918 Constitution of the RSFSR. The Sovnarkom of the RSFSR was responsible to the Congress of Soviets for the "general administration of the affairs of the state". The constitution enabled the Sovnarkom to issue decrees carrying the full force of law when the Congress was not in session. The Congress then routinely approved these decrees at its next session.
Each People's Commissar was head of commissariat and had several deputies and a collegium which functioned as a deliberative body to advise the commissar.
The original People's Commissars
The first council elected by the Second All-Russian congress was composed as follows:
People's Commissar Original incumbent Death Chairman Vladimir Lenin Natural causes 1924 Executive Officer Nikolai Gorbunov Executed 1938 People's Commissariat for Agriculture of the RSFSR Vladimir Milyutin Died in prison 1937 People's Commissariat for Military Affairs of the RSFSR Vladimir Antonov-Ovseyenko Executed 1939
People's Commissariat for Naval Affairs of the RSFSR Pavel Dybenko Executed 1938 People's Commissariat for Trade and Industry of the RSFSR Viktor Nogin Natural causes 1924 People's Commissariat for Education of the RSFSR Anatoly Lunacharsky Natural causes 1933 People's Commissariat for Food Ivan Teodorovich Executed 1937 People's Commissariat for Foreign Affairs of the RSFSR Leon Trotsky Assassinated 1940 People's Commissariat for Interior Affairs of the RSFSR Alexei Rykov Executed 1938 People's Commissariat for Justice of the RSFSR Georgy Oppokov Executed 1937 People's Commissariat for Labour of the RSFSR Alexander Shlyapnikov Executed 1937 People's Commissariat of Nationalities Joseph Stalin Natural causes 1953 People's Commissariat for Posts and Telegraphs of the RSFSR Nikolai Glebov-Avilov Executed 1937 People's Commissariat for Railways of the RSFSR (vacant) People's Commissariat for Finance Ivan Skvortsov-Stepanov Natural causes 1928
Council of Ministers
The Council of People's Commissars was renamed Council of Ministers in 1946.
- The Consul General at Moscow (Summers) to the Secretary of State
- The decree of the Council of the People's Commissars on the ...
Russian Revolution of 1917 and the Russian Civil War Events Revolutionary Civil war
Russian Civil War · Kiev Bolshevik Uprising · Ukrainian War of Independence · Finnish Civil War · Heimosodat · Polish-Ukrainian War · Polish-Soviet War · Estonian War of Independence · Latvian War of Independence · Lithuanian Wars of Independence · Red Army invasion of Georgia · Armenian–Azerbaijani War · Left-wing uprisings against the Bolsheviks · Allied intervention in the Russian Civil War · Siberian Intervention
Provisional Committee of the State Duma · Russian Provisional Government · White Movement · Pro-independence movements · Petrograd Soviet · Council of the People's Commissars · Military Revolutionary Committee · Russian Constituent Assembly (elections) · Red Guards · Tsentralna Rada / Ukrainian People's Republic
Political parties Major figures Monarchists Russian Republic White Movement Bolsheviks Right SRs International effects
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Communist Party of the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic — Коммунистическая партия Российской Советской Федеративной Социалистической Республики Leader Ivan Polozkov Founded 1990 Dissolved 1991 Headquarters … Wikipedia
Declaration of State Sovereignty of the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic — Declaration of State Sovereignty of the Russian SFSR Russian: Декларация о государственном суверенитете РСФСР … Wikipedia
Coat of arms of the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic — The coat of arms of the Russian SFSR was adopted on July 10, 1918 by the government of the Russian SFSR, and modified several times afterwards. It shows symbols of agriculture (wheat) as well as a rising sun for the future of the Russian nation,… … Wikipedia
Congress of Soviets of the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic — The Congress of Soviets of the Russian SFSR (Russian: Съезд Советов РСФСР), also known as Congress of People s Deputies of the Russian SFSR and later Congress of People s Deputies of the Russian Federation was the supreme governing body in… … Wikipedia
Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic — Infobox SSR name = Russian SFSR loc name = Российская Советская Федеративная Социалистическая Республика full name = Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic year start = 1917 year end = 1991 p1 = Russian Provisional Government flag p1 = Flag … Wikipedia
Russian Soviet Government Bureau — Mrs. and Mr. Santeri Nuorteva and Ludwig Martens of the Russian Soviet Government Bureau pose for newsreel cameramen, 1920. The Russian Soviet Government Bureau (1919 1921), sometimes known as the Soviet Bureau, was an unofficial diplomatic… … Wikipedia
Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the Russian SFSR — The Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic, led by a chairman, was the de jure leader office of the Russian SFSR between 1938 and 1990. He was elected by the Supreme Soviet of the Russian Soviet… … Wikipedia
Chamber of Commerce and Industry of the Russian Federation — The Chamber of Commerce and Industry of the Russian Federation (RF CCI, Russian: Торгово промышленная палата Российской Федерации, ТПП РФ) is a non governmental, non profit organization that operates under the Russian Federation Law on Chambers… … Wikipedia
Lithuanian Soviet Socialist Republic (1918–1919) — Infobox Former Country native name = Lietuvos Tarybų Socialistinė Respublika Литовская Советская Социалистическая Республика conventional long name = Lithuanian Soviet Socialist Republic common name = Lithuanian SSR continent = Europe era = World … Wikipedia
Coat of arms of the Karelo-Finnish Soviet Socialist Republic — Details Armiger … Wikipedia