Cabinet of India

Cabinet of India

The Cabinet of India (officially called the Union Council of Ministers of India) is the collective decision-making body of the Government of India, composed of the Prime Minister and 35 Cabinet Ministers, the most senior of the government ministers. The Cabinet is the ultimate decision-making body of the executive within the Westminster system of government in traditional constitutional theory.

The Union Cabinet of the Government of India was formed after the Indian general election, 2009 held in five phases in 2009: on 16 April, 22/23 April, 30 April, 7 May and 13 May 2009. The results of the election were announced on 16 May 2009 and led to the formation of the 15th Lok Sabha. Manmohan Singh took oath as the 14th Prime Minister of India on 22 May 2009, followed by the oath-taking ceremonies of the present 'Council of Ministers' in two phases. Most of the cabinet functions from Cabinet Secretariat, at Secretariat Building, New Delhi.


Cabinet Secretary

The head of executive officers is Cabinet Secretary after President of India.The Cabinet Secretary is under the direct charge of the Prime Minister. The administrative head of the Cabinet Secretariat is the Cabinet Secretary who is also the ex-officio Chairman of the Civil Services Board, and thus the head of the Indian Administrative Service. As a matter of convention the senior most civil servant is appointed as a Cabinet Secretary. He belongs to the Indian Administrative Service. The incumbent generally has a tenure of 2 to 3 years. Though there is no fixed tenure, the average tenure of the Cabinet Secretary in India has been less than 3 years. His tenure however, can be extended. The Cabinet Secretary is the head of all the civil services under the constitution like IAS, IPS, IRS, IFS, PCS, PPS etc. Thus, he is the head of all the All India services including the Indian Police Service(IPS), Indian Administrative Service(IAS), Indian Foreign Service (IFS), Indian Revenue Service(IRS) and the Indian Forest Service(IFS). He ranks eleventh in the Table of Precedence of India.

The current Cabinet Secretary is Shri A K Seth [1]

The following are the functions of a Cabinet Secretary[according to whom?]:

  • Provide assistance to the Council of Ministers
  • Act as advisor and conscience keeper of the civil services
  • Handle senior appointments
  • Prepare of the agenda of the Cabinet
  • Attend the meetings of the Cabinet
  • Ensure that the Cabinet decisions are implemented
  • Advise the Prime Minister
  • Act as the Chairman of the Committee of Secretaries on Administration
  • Act as the Chairman of the Chief Secretaries Committee
  • Provide an element of continuity and stability to administration during crises

In the Government of India Allocation of Business Rules, 1961, "Cabinet Secretariat" finds a place in the First Schedule to the Rules. The subjects allotted to this Secretariat are, firstly, secretarial assistance to Cabinet and Cabinet Committees, and secondly, the administration of the Rules of Business.

The Cabinet Secretariat is responsible for the administration of the Government of India Transaction of Business Rules, 1961 and the Government of India Allocation of Business Rules 1961, facilitating smooth transaction of business in Ministries/Departments of the Government by ensuring adherence to these rules. The Secretariat assists in decision-making in Government by ensuring Inter-Ministerial coordination, ironing out differences amongst Ministries/Departments and evolving consensus through the instrumentality of the standing/adhoc Committees of Secretaries. Through this mechanism new policy initiatives are also promoted.

The Cabinet Secretariat ensures that the President of India, the Vice-President and Ministers are kept informed of the major activities of all Departments by means of a monthly summary of their activities. Management of major crisis situations in the country and coordinating activities of the various Ministries in such a situation is also one of the functions of the Cabinet Secretariat.

The Cabinet Secretariat has 3 wings: Civil, Military and Intelligence. The Civil wing is the main wing and provides aid, advise and assistance to the Union Cabinet. The Military wing provides secretarial assistance to the Defence Committee of the Cabinet, the Military Affairs Committee, the National Defence Council and other committees dealing with defence matters. The Intelligence wing deals with matters pertaining to the Joint Intelligence Committee of the Union Cabinet. The chief of Research and Analysis Wing R&AW also officially first reports to the Cabinet Secretary, and is officially designated Secretary R in the Cabinet Secretariat. The Cabinet Secretary is arguably India's most powerful bureaucrat and right hand of Prime Minister of India.

Council of Ministers

Prime Minister of India, Manmohan Singh heads his second Cabinet, May 2009 to present

This is a list of current members of the Council of Ministers of the Government of India. All ministers are based in offices of their respective Union Ministries in New Delhi. All Cabinet members are mandated by the constitution to be members of either House of the Parliament of India. In a departure from the norm the current Prime Minister, Manmohan Singh, is a member of the Upper House, the Rajya Sabha. He remained so for the duration of his entire first term (2004–2009) too. Most, but not all, previous Prime Ministers have been elected members of the Lok Sabha.

There are three categories of ministers, in descending order of rank:

  • Union Cabinet Minister - senior minister in-charge of a ministry. A cabinet minister may also hold additional charges of other Ministries, where no other Cabinet minister is appointed
  • Minister of State (Independent Charges) - with no overseeing Union cabinet minister for that portfolio
  • Minister of State (MoS) - junior minister with to overseeing cabinet minister, usually tasked with a specific responsibility in that ministry. For instance, an MoS in the Finance Ministry may only handle taxation.

Cabinet Ministers

Of the following 35 ministers, 30 are from the Indian National Congress including the Prime Minister. The Agriculture Minister Sharad Pawar and the Heavy Industries Minister Praful Patel are from the Nationalist Congress Party and Farooq Abdullah, Minister for New And Renewable Energy heads the Jammu & Kashmir National Conference. The Chemicals and Fertilizers Minister M. K. Azhagiri is from the Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam.Railway Minister Dinesh Trivedi is from the Trinamool Congress.

Sl. No. Name Ministries Age House State/UT (Constituency) Education
1 Manmohan Singh Prime Minister of India and also in-charge of the Ministries/Departments: 79 Rajya Sabha Assam BA Economics (Punjab University), MA (Cambridge), PhD (Oxford)
2 Pranab Mukherjee Minister of Finance 75 Lok Sabha West Bengal (Jangipur) MA, LLB, DLitt (Calcutta University)
3 Sharad Pawar Minister of Agriculture and Minister of Food Processing Industries 70 Lok Sabha Maharashtra (Madha) B.Com
4 A K Antony Minister of Defence 71 Rajya Sabha Kerala LLB (Kerala University)
5 P Chidambaram Minister of Home Affairs 66 Lok Sabha Tamil Nadu (Sivaganga) LLB, MBA (Harvard)
6 Kishore Chandra Deo[1][2] Minister of Tribal Affairs
Minister of Panchayati Raj
64 Lok Sabha Andhra Pradesh (Araku (ST)) B.A. (Economics), M.A. (Political Science) Educated at Madras Christian College, Tambaram, Chennai, Tamil Nadu
7 S. M. Krishna Minister of External Affairs 79 Rajya Sabha Karnataka Law Graduate, Southern Methodist University, Dallas, TX and The George Washington University Law School, Washington D.C.
8 Virbhadra Singh Minister of Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises 77 Lok Sabha Himachal Pradesh (Mandi) MA
9 Vilasrao Deshmukh Minister of Science and Technology
Minister of Earth Sciences
66 Rajya Sabha Maharashtra B.Sc. & B.A. from M.E.S Abasaheb Garware College, Pune University & L.L.B. from the ILS Law College, Pune University
10 Ghulam Nabi Azad Minister of Health and Family Welfare 61 Rajya Sabha Jammu and Kashmir MSc
11 Sushilkumar Shinde Minister of Power 70 Rajya Sabha Maharashtra, Solapur LLB (Mumbai University)
12 Veerappa Moily Minister of Corporate Affairs 71 Lok Sabha Karnataka (Chikkballapur) B.A., B.L. Educated at Government Law College, Bangalore, Karnataka
13 Farooq Abdullah Minister of New and Renewable Energy 74 Lok Sabha Jammu and Kashmir (Srinagar) MBBS
14 Jaipal Reddy Minister of Petroleum and Natural Gas 69 Lok Sabha Andhra Pradesh (Chevella) MA (Osmania University)
15 Kamal Nath Minister of Urban Development 64 Lok Sabha Madhya Pradesh (Chindwada) B Com
16 Vayalar Ravi Minister of Overseas Indian Affairs and Minister of Civil Aviation 74 Rajya Sabha Kerala LLB
17 Kapil Sibal Minister of Communications and Information Technology and Minister of Human Resource Development 63 Lok Sabha Delhi (Chandni Chowk) LLM (Harvard)
18 Ambika Soni Minister of Information and Broadcasting 68 Rajya Sabha Punjab B.A. (Hons.)
19 Salman Khurshid Minister of Law and Justice
Minister of Minority Affairs
58 Lok Sabha Farrukhabad (Farrukhabad) B.A. (English and Jurisprudence), M.A., B.C.L. Educated at St. Stephen`s College, Delhi and St. Edmund Hall, Oxford University, Oxford, U.K.
20 Mallikarjun Kharge Minister of Labour and Employment 69 Lok Sabha Karnataka (Gulbarga) LLB
21 C. P. Joshi Minister of Road Transport and Highways 61 Lok Sabha Rajasthan (Bhilwara) Ph.D
22 Anand Sharma Minister of Commerce and Industry
Ministry of Textiles
58 Rajya Sabha Himachal Pradesh BA, LLB (Shimla)
23 Praful Patel Minister of Heavy Industries and Public Enterprises 54 Lok Sabha Maharashtra (Bhandara-Gondiya) B Com
24 Kumari Selja Minister of Culture and Minister of Housing and Urban Poverty Alleviation 49 Lok Sabha Haryana (Ambala) MA, MPhil.
25 Subodh Kant Sahay Minister of Tourism 60 Lok Sabha Jharkhand (Ranchi) B.Sc., LL.B. from (A N College, Patna and Ranchi University)
26 Beni Prasad Verma Minister of Steel 70 Lok Sabha Uttar Pradesh (Gonda) B.A.,LL.B. Educated at Lucknow University, Lucknow,Uttar Pradesh
27 G K Vasan Minister of Shipping 46 Rajya Sabha Tamil Nadu B.A.
28 Pavan Kumar Bansal Minister of Parliamentary Affairs 63 Lok Sabha Chandigarh, Chandigarh BSc, LLB
29 Mukul Wasnik Minister of Social Justice and Empowerment 52 Lok Sabha Maharashtra (Ramtek) MBA
30 Dinesh Trivedi Minister of Railways 61 Lok Sabha West Bengal (Barrackpore) B. Com, M.B.A. Educated at St. Xavier`s College, Calcutta University and University of Texas, USA
31 Jairam Ramesh Minister of Rural Development 57 Rajya Sabha Andhra Pradesh B.Tech., M.S. and Graduate Study Educated at I.I.T., Bombay, Carnegie Mellon University, U.S.A. and M.I.T., U.S.A.
32 M. K. Azhagiri Minister of Chemicals and Fertilizers 60 Lok Sabha Tamil Nadu (Madurai) B.A. (Presidency College, Chennai)[3]
33 Shriprakash Jaiswal Minister of Coal 67 Lok Sabha Uttar Pradesh (Kanpur) Intermediate (D.A.V. College, Kanpur)[4]

Ministers of State (Independent Charges)

A 'Minister of State with independent charge' is a junior Minister in the Federal (State) or Central Government of India but is in charge of a ministry, unlike Minister of State who is also a junior Minister but assists a cabinet minister. All the following seven ministers are from the Indian National Congress.

Sl. No. Name Responsible Ministries Age Lok Sabha/Rajya Sabha Educational Qualification
1 Srikant Kumar Jena Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation 60 Lok Sabha, Balasore, Orissa B.A. Educated at College, Utkal University, Cuttack, Orissa
2 Dinsha Patel Minister of State of the Ministry of Mines 74 Lok Sabha, Gujarat(Kaira) Matriculate
3 Krishna Tirath Minister of State of the Ministry of Women and Child Development 55 Lok Sabha, North West Delhi (SC) (Delhi) M.A., B.Ed. (University of Delhi)
4 K. V. Thomas Minister of State of the Ministry of Consumer Affairs, Food and Public Distribution 64 Lok Sabha, Ernakulam, Kerala M.Sc.(Chemistry)
5 Ajay Maken Minister of Youth Affairs and Sports 47 Lghjghj 6 Jayanthi Natarajan Minister of State of the Ministry of Environment and Forests 57 Rajya Sabha, Tamil Nadu B.A., B.L. Educated at Ethiraj College and Madras Law College
7 Paban Singh Ghatowar Ministry of Development of North Eastern Region 61 Lok Sabha, Dibrugarh B.A.

Ministers of State

Sl. No. Name Ministries Age Lok Sabha/Rajya Sabha Educational Qualification
1 E. Ahamed Ministry of External Affairs 74 Lok Sabha Malappuram, Kerala BA, LLB
2 Mullappally Ramachandran Ministry of Home Affairs 66 Lok Sabha Vadakara,Kerala MA, LLB
3 V. Narayanasamy Ministry of Parliamentary Affairs and Ministry of Planning 63 Lok Sabha Puduchery
4 Jyotiraditya Madhavrao Scindia Ministry of Commerce and Industry 40 Lok Sabha Guna,M.P MBA, Stanford University, U.S.A
5 Daggubati Purandeswari Ministry of Human Resource Development 51 Lok Sabha, Vishakapattnam Andhra Pradesh BA
6. K. H. Muniyappa Ministry of Railways 63 Lok Sabha Kolar, Karnataka
7 Lakshmi Panabaka Ministry of Textiles 52 Lok Sabha, Nellore,Andhra Pradesh
8 Namo Narain Meena Ministry of Finance 67
9 Mallipudi Mangapathi Pallam Raju Ministry of Defence 49 Lok Sabha Kakinada, Andhra Pradesh BE from Andhra University, India & MBA from Temple University, Philadelphia, USA
10 Saugata Roy Ministry of Urban Development 63 Lok Sabha, Dum Dum M.Sc., Ll.B.
11 S. S. Palanimanickam Ministry of Finance 61 Lok Sabha Thanjavur, Tamil Nadu
12 Shri Jaipal Sudini Reddy Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Gas 37
13 Sai Prathap Annayyagari Ministry of Steel 66
14 Preneet Kaur Ministry of External Affairs 66 Lok Sabha Patiala,Punjab BA
17 Gurudas Kamat Ministry of Communications and Information Technology 56 Lok Sabha Mumbai North-West,Maharashtra
18 Harish Rawat Ministry of Labour and Employment 64 Uttrakhand
20 Bharatsinh Madhavsinh Solanki Ministry of Power 57
21 Mahadev S. Khandela Ministry of Road Transport and Highways Lok Sabha, Sikar, Rajasthan
22 Sudip Bandyopadhyay Ministry of Health and Family Welfare 59 Lok Sabha, Kolkata Uttar B.Com, M.B.A
23 Sisir Adhikari Ministry of Rural Development 70 Lok Sabha, Contai
24 Sultan Ahmed Ministry of Tourism 58 Lok Sabha, Uluberia
25 Choudhury Mohan Jatua Ministry of Information and Broadcasting Lok Sabha, Mathurapur
26 D. Napolean Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment 47 Lok Sabha Perambalur, Tamil Nadu
27 S. Jagathrakshakan Ministry of Information and Broadcasting 61 Lok Sabha Arakkonam, Tamil Nadu
28 S. Gandhiselvan Ministry of Health and Family Welfare Lok Sabha Namakkal, Tamil Nadu M.A, M.PHIL
29 Tushar Amarsinh Chaudhary Ministry of Tribal Affairs 45
30 Sachin Pilot Ministry of Communications and Information Technology 31 Lok Sabha Ajmer, Rajasthan Wharton School, Uni. of Pennsylvania, U.S.A.
31 Mukul Roy Ministry of Shipping 57 Rajya Sabha, West Bengal
32 Arun Yadav Ministry of Youth Affairs and Sports
33 Pratik Patil Ministry of Coal 37
34 R. P. N. Singh
35 Pradeep Jain Aditya Ministry of Rural Development 47 Lok Sabha, Jhansi L.L.B
36 Vincent Pala Ministry of Water Resources
37 Agatha Sangma Ministry of Rural Development 31 Lok Sabha Tura, Meghalaya
38 KC Venugopal Ministry of Power (India) 47 Lok Sabha Alappuzha, Kerala Msc
39 Dr. Charan Das Mahant Ministry of Agriculture and Food Processing Industry Lok Sabha Korba, Chhattisgarh

Demographics of the Council of Ministers

UPA Cabinet by Party

Source: Various news organizations[5][6][7][8]
The new United Progressive Alliance (UPA) included 79 members, 78 members in the cabinet plus Prime Minister Manmohan Singh. The first 20 cabinet ministers including Manmohan Singh, swore in on 22 May 2009, while the other 59 cabinet members swore in on 27 May 2009. The non-Congress cabinet ministers, include M.K. Azhagiri (DMK President Karunanidhi's Son) from the DMK, Dinesh Trivedi from Trinamool Congress, Sharad Pawar and Praful Patel from Nationalist Congress Party and Farooq Abdullah from National Conference.

Party Cabinet Ministers Ministers of State Total
Indian National Congress 27 31 58
Trinamool Congress 1 6 7
Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam 1 4 5
Nationalist Congress Party 2 1 3
Jammu and Kashmir National Conference 1 0 1
Indian Union Muslim League 0 1 1
Total 33 45 78

United Progressive Alliance Cabinet by States

Sources:[9][10][clarification needed]

State Cabinet Ministers Ministers of State (I) Ministers of State Total
Maharashtra 5 2 5 12
Tamil Nadu 3 0 7 10
Bihar 2 8 10
Kerala 2 1 3 6
Andhra Pradesh 1 1 4 6
Madhya Pradesh 2 1 3
Karnataka 3 0 1 4
W.B 3 3
Himachal Pradesh 1 1
Meghalaya 2

See also


External links

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