Council of Seleucia-Ctesiphon

Council of Seleucia-Ctesiphon

The Council of Seleucia-Ctesiphon, [1] also called the Council of Mar Isaac, met in AD 410 in Seleucia-Ctesiphon, the capital of the Sassanid Empire of Persia. The council, extended official recognition to the Empire's Christian community, known as the Church of the East, and established the Bishop of Seleucia-Ctesiphon as its Catholicos, or leader. It marked a major milestone in the history of the Church of the East and of Christianity in Asia in general.

The council was called by Mar Isaac, bishop of Seleucia-Ctesiphon, and who was then declared as the primate of the Sassanid church, confirming him as Catholicos and Archbishop of all the Orient. The decision was substantial, as Christians in the Sassanid Empire up to that point were fairly disorganized and persecuted, and Zoroastrianism was instead the primary religion of the Empire. In 409, permission was formally given by the Zoroastrian King Yezdegerd to the Christians to even exist: to worship openly, and to rebuild destroyed churches, though they were not allowed to proselytize.[2]

The Synod also declared its adherence to the decisions of the Council of Nicea and subscribed to the Nicene Creed.

See also


  1. ^ Ctesiphon was a twin town on the opposite bank of the River Tigris.
  2. ^ Wigram, p. 89


  • Wigram, W. A. (2004). An introduction to the history of the Assyrian Church, or, The Church of the Sassanid Persian Empire, 100–640 A.D. Gorgias Press. ISBN 1593331037. 

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Council of Seleucia — See also: Council of Rimini and First Council of Constantinople (360) not to be confused with the Council of Seleucia Ctesiphon of 410. The Council of Seleucia was an early Christian church synod at Seleucia Isauria (now Silifke,… …   Wikipedia

  • Seleucia — For the Syrian seaport of the same name that figures in the travels of Saint Paul, see Seleucia Pieria. Seleucia (Greek: Σελεύκεια) was one of the great cities of the world during Hellenistic and Roman times. It stood in Mesopotamia, on the west… …   Wikipedia

  • History of the Assyrian people — The Assyrian people (Aramaic: Āṯūrāyē ; Akkadian: Aššūrāyu ) are descended from the ancient Assyrians of Mesopotamia (Aramaic: Bet Nahrain , the house of the rivers ), who, in the 7th century BC, controlled the vast Neo Assyrian Empire which… …   Wikipedia

  • Maphrian — The Maphrian (Syriac: ܡܦܪܝܢܐ Maphryānā, also rendered as mafriano, etc.) was historically the prelate in the Syriac Orthodox Church who ranked second in the hierarchy after the Syriac Orthodox Patriarch of Antioch. The Maphrian, whose title… …   Wikipedia

  • State church of the Roman Empire — Bust of Emperor Constantine at the Capitoline Museums. Constantine established imperial involvement in the Church. The state church of the Roman Empire was a Christian institution organized within the Roman Empire during the …   Wikipedia

  • Maruthas — For the fourth century martyr of Persia, see Zanitas and Lazarus of Persia. For the Monophysite bishop, see Maruthas of Tagrit. Saint Maruthas or Marutha of Martyropolis was a monk who became bishop of Maypherkat in Mesopotamia (Meiafarakin) for… …   Wikipedia

  • Римско-персидские войны — Дата 230 – 627 годы Место Месопотамия, Закавказье, Атропатена, Малая Азия, Сирия, Сирия Палестинская, Египет …   Википедия

  • Saint Maruthas —     St. Maruthas     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► St. Maruthas     Bishop of Tagrit or Maypherkat in Mesopotamia, friend of St. John Chrysostom, d. before 420. Feast, 4 Dec. He is honoured by the Latins, Greeks, Copts, and Syrians. He brought into… …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Filioque — Christianity portal …   Wikipedia

  • Abstinence — • Includes information about old and new testament fasting as well as church laws Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Abstinence     Abstinence      …   Catholic encyclopedia