Kosmos 14


Kosmos 14
Kosmos 14
Operator VNIIEM
Major contractors Yuzhnoye
Bus Omega
Mission type Technology
Launch date 13 April 1963
11:00:00 GMT
Carrier rocket Kosmos-2I 63S1
Launch site Kapustin Yar Mayak-2
Orbital decay 29 August 1963
COSPAR ID 1963-010A
Mass 200 kilograms (440 lb)[1]
Orbital elements
Regime Low Earth
Inclination 48.9°
Apoapsis 444 kilometres (276 mi)
Periapsis 262 kilometres (163 mi)
Orbital period 91.6 minutes

Kosmos 14 (Russian: Космос 14 meaning Cosmos 14), also known as Omega #1, was a satellite which was launched by the Soviet Union in 1963. It was an Omega satellite, derived from the Dnepropetrovsk Sputnik series. It was a 200-kilogram (440 lb) spacecraft,[1] which was built by the Yuzhnoye Design Bureau, and was used by VNIIEM to conduct experiments with the use of gyroscopes to control spacecraft.[2]

Kosmos 14 was launched from pad 2 of the Mayak Launch Complex at Kapustin Yar, aboard a Kosmos-2I 63S1 carrier rocket.[3] The launch occurred at 11:00:00 GMT on 13 April 1963, and resulted in the successful insertion of the satellite into a low Earth orbit.[4] Upon reaching orbit, the satellite was assigned its Kosmos designation, and received the International Designator 1963-010A.[5] The North American Aerospace Defense Command assigned it the catalogue number 00567.

Kosmos 14 was the first of two Omega satellites to be launched,[2] the other being Kosmos 23.[6] It was operated in an orbit with a perigee of 262 kilometres (163 mi), an apogee of 444 kilometres (276 mi), 48.9 degrees of inclination, and an orbital period of 91.6 minutes.[7] It remained in orbit until it decayed and reentered the atmosphere on 29 August 1963.[7]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "World Civil Satellites 1957-2006". Space Security Index. http://www.spacesecurity.org/files/WorldCivilSats2006.xls. Retrieved 2009-12-26. 
  2. ^ a b Wade, Mark. "Omega". Encyclopedia Astronautica. http://www.astronautix.com/craft/omega.htm. Retrieved 2009-12-26. 
  3. ^ McDowell, Jonathan. "Launch Log". Jonathan's Space Page. http://planet4589.org/space/log/launchlog.txt. Retrieved 2009-12-26. 
  4. ^ Wade, Mark. "Kosmos 2". Encyclopedia Astronautica. http://www.astronautix.com/lvs/kosmos2.htm. Retrieved 2009-12-26. 
  5. ^ "Cosmos 14". NSSDC Master Catalog. US National Space Science Data Center. http://nssdc.gsfc.nasa.gov/nmc/masterCatalog.do?sc=1963-010A. Retrieved 2009-12-26. 
  6. ^ Krebs, Gunter. "Omega". Gunter's Space Page. http://space.skyrocket.de/doc_sdat/omega.htm. Retrieved 2009-12-26. 
  7. ^ a b McDowell, Jonathan. "Satellite Catalog". Jonathan's Space Page. http://www.planet4589.org/space/log/satcat.txt. Retrieved 2009-12-26. 



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