Begum


Begum

Begum, Begüm or Baigum (Turkish: "Begüm", Persian: بیگم) is a Turkic title given to female family members of a Baig or 'Beg', a higher official. The term "Begum" is derived from the word "Beg", and means a female member of the Beg's family.

It is a title given to women of rank in South Asia. It used to be conferred upon women of royalty or aristocracy. Examples are: Begum Hazrat Mahal, Jahanara Begum, and Begum Inaara Aga Khan, Begum Samina.

Colloquially, the term is used by South Asian Muslim men to refer to their own wives or as an honorific address to a married or widowed woman. For example, Begum Nusrat Bhutto, Begum Khaleda Zia.

The term became known in the West — especially in the French-speaking world—due to Jules Verne's 1879 novel "The Begum's Millions" (in French, "Les Cinq cents millions de la Begum").

In the UK, Begum has been increasingly used as a religious slur against headscarf wearing Muslim Women. It became associated with devout Islam and the practice of wearing the veil through the court case of Shabina Begum. Fact|date=February 2007

Begum also means Queen.

ee also

* Bey
* Mirza
* Begum of Bhopal


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • bégum — bégum …   Dictionnaire des rimes

  • Bégum — Bégum, ou Begüm, est un titre donné dans l Hindoustan à l épouse favorite du sultan et équivaut à celui de reine, tel que la Bégum Aga Khan (épouse du prince Aga Khan). Il s agit d une manière de s adresser et d un titre honorifique donné aux… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • bégum — [ begɔm ] n. f. • begun 1653; hindi begam ♦ Titre de l Hindoustan, équivalant à celui de princesse; épouse du souverain. « Les Cinq Cents Millions de la Bégum », roman de Jules Verne. ● bégum nom féminin (anglais begum, du persan begam,… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Begum — Bégum Bégum est un titre donné dans l Hindoustan à l épouse favorite du sultan et équivaut à celui de reine, tel que la Bégum Aga Khan (épouse du prince Aga Khan). Il s agit d une manière de s adresser et d un titre honorifique donné aux femmes… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • begum — begum. (Del ingl. begum, y este del turco begim, de beg, señora, e im, de). f. En la India musulmana, título honorífico, equivalente al de princesa …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • begum — (Del ingl. begum, y este del turco begim, de beg, señora, e im, de). f. En la India musulmana, título honorífico, equivalente al de princesa …   Diccionario de la lengua española

  • Begum — Be gum, n. [Per., fr. Turk., perh. properly queen mother, fr. Turk. beg (see {Beg}, n.) + Ar. umm mother.] In the East Indies, a princess or lady of high rank. Malcom. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Begum — (Begom), in OIndien Ehrenname der Prinzessinnen, auch der Sultaninnen im Serail …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Begum — (ind.), Fürstin …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • bégum — BÉGUM. subs. f. Terme de voyage. Titre d honneur qu on donne aux Princesses de l Indoustan …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie Française 1798


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