Brazilian Marine Corps


Brazilian Marine Corps
Brazilian Marine Corps
Corpo de Fuzileiros Navais
Active 1797 - present
Country  Brazil
Branch Brazilian Navy
Type Marines
Size 15,000
Part of Navy
Ministry of Defence
General-Command HQ Rio de Janeiro
Motto Adsumus (Here we are)
Colors Red; White
Anniversaries March 7
Commanders
Commander-in-Chief President Dilma Rousseff
Commander of the Navy Admiral Júlio Soares de Moura Neto
General-Commander of the Marine Corps Admiral Álvaro Augusto Dias Monteiro
Brazilian Navy
Naval Jack of Brazil.svg
COA Brazilian Navy.svg
Headquarters
Brasília/DF
History and traditions
Establishment:1822
Navy Day:10 November
Patron:Marquês de Tamandaré
Battles
War of Independence (1822-1823)
Argentina-Brazil War (1825-1828)
War of Tatters
War of the Triple Alliance
World War I
World War II
Components
Ships of the Brazilian Navy
Aircraft of the Brazilian Navy
Corps of Naval Fusiliers
Naval Aviation
Personnel
Admiral Júlio Soares de Moura Neto

The Brazilian Marine Corps (Portuguese: Corpo de Fuzileiros Navais; CFN) is the land combat branch of the Brazilian Navy.

Contents

Mission

Deployed nationwide, along the coasts, in the marginal regions of Amazônia and in the Pantanal, in peacetime it provides for the security of Naval installations and aids isolated populations through civic action programs in the Naval Districts. Externally, it provides security for the embassies of Brazil in Algeria, in Paraguay, in Haiti and in Bolivia. It has participated in all of the armed conflicts in the Military history of Brazil.


The badge consist of an encircled anchor superimposed over a pair of crossed ron the collar points of the dress and service uniforms.

History

Brazilian Marines in the red gala uniform titled "Garança"

The Royal Brigade of the Navy

The CFN was originally the old Royal Brigade of the Navy, a unit of Marine Soldiers created in Portugal by HRM Queen Maria I in 1797.

The Brazilian Marines trace their origin to 1808 when the troops of the Royal Brigade of the Navy (the Portuguese Marine Corps) arrived in Brazil (then a Portuguese colony) when Mary I of Portugal and her son and regent John VI fled Europe during the Napoleonic Wars.

The baptism of fire: the conquest of Cayenne

In retaliation for the invasion of Portugal, Prince Regent, Dom João commanded the invasion of French Guiana, whose capital, Cayenne, was captured on the 14th of January 1809.

Historical campaigns

Brazilian Marines in Battle of Riachuelo.

Later, the unit was involved in diverse campaigns, in the War of the independence of Brazil, in the conflicts of the basin of the River Plate, and in War of the Triple Alliance. In this last one, it was distinguished in action in the Battle of Riachuelo and in taking of Humaitá.

United Nations service

The CFN if has participated in the humanitarian actions promoted by UN in such diverse theaters of operation as Bosnia, Honduras, Moçambique, Ruanda, Angola, East Timor, and recently, in Haiti (MINUSTAH).

The Corps today

MOWAG Piranha is the main armored personal carrier on service with the CFN.

Staff and mission

With about 15,000 men, all volunteers, professionals in combat on land, air and sea, its mission is to guarantee the projection of the naval power on land, by means of landings carried through with ships and staff of the Navy.

In the case of Brazil this is a complex mission, since the country has a territory of about 8,5 million km² (3.28 million sq. miles), a coast of more than 7,400 km (4,600 mi) with many oceanic islands, and a navigable waterways network of approximately 50,000 km (31,000 mi). This last one includes the Brazilian Amazon. To cover climates and natural landscapes so diversified as Pampas of Rio Grande Do Sul, pantanal of Mato Grosso do Sul, deserts of the Northeast region and Amazonian Rainforest, demands a training of the highest standards, agility and versatility. Therefore, there are units trained in demolition techniques, special operations, combat in forests, mountain and ice, and helicopter-transported operations.

Trained as a Fast Deployment Unit, recently, with the sending of Brazilian military observers, also integrating the Peacekeeping Forces of the United Nations, the Marines have made their presence in distinctive areas of conflict as El Salvador, Bosnia, Angola, Moçambique, Ruanda, Peru, Ecuador, East Timor and, more recently, Haiti.

Organization

The Corps headquarters is located in Fortaleza de São José, Ilha das Cobras, Rio de Janeiro.

Structure Naval Fusiliers Corps

Fleet Marine Force

The Fleets Marine Force (Força de Fuzileiros da Esquadra (FFE)) consists of the following units:

  • 1st Amphibious Division (Divisão Anfíbia (DivAnf)) of brigade size with the following:
    • Command and Control Battalion (Batalhão de Comando e Controle),
    • Three Marine Battalions (Infantry) (Batalhão de Fuzileiros Navais (BFN)):
      • 1st "Riachuelo" Battalion,
      • 2nd "Humaita" Battalion
      • 3rd "Paissandu" Battalion
    • Marine's Artillery Battalion (Batalhão de Artilharia de Fuzileiros Navais): M114, L118 and M101 howitzer
    • Governor's Island Marine Base (Base de Fuzileiros Navais da Ilha do Governador),
  • Reinforcement Troops (Tropa de Reforço (TrRef)) located in Ilha das Flores in São Gonçalo (RJ)
    • 1st Marine Engineer Battalion (Batalhão de Engenharia de Fuzileiros Navais),
    • 1st Marine Logistic Battalion (Batalhão Logístico de Fuzileiros Navais),
    • Amphibious Vehicles Battalion (Batalhão de Viaturas Anfíbias), with 13 AAV-7A1 ,9 LVTP-7A1, 2 LVTC-7A1 and 2 LVTR-7A1
    • Police Company (Companhia de Polícia)
    • Landing Company (Apoio ao Desembarque) - a company sized unit responsible for the loading and unloading of troops and equipment from ships, especially landing craft.
    • Isle of Flowers Marine Base (Base de Fuzileiros Navais da Ilha das Flores),
  • Disembarkation Troops Command (Comando da Tropa de Desembarque (ComTrDbq)), located at Duque de Caxias (RJ) - provides the means to command, control and administer the Command of the Fleet Marine Force and to also local units: 29 armored vehicles M113A1
  • Marine's Special Operations Battalion "Tonelero" (Batalhão de Operações Especiais de Fuzileiros Navais (Batalhão Tonelero)) A unit similar to US Navy SEALs formed in 1957 and structured for high risk operations. Its mission is to destroy or damage prominent objectives in heavily defended areas, capture or rescue personnels or equipment, seize installations, obtain information, mislead and produce psychological effects.
  • Rio Meriti Naval Marine Base (Base de Fuzileiros Navais do Rio Meriti (BFNRM)), located in Duque de Caxias (RJ)
  • ships detachments

Regional

"Groupings of Marine Corps" (Grupamentos de Fuzileiros Navais (GFN)) are subordinate to the Naval Districts (Distritos Navais), for the security of naval installations, as well as performing operations in support of Naval District. They are located in the vicinity of the local Naval District headquarters. The 8th Naval District does not possess any such grouping. GFNs are companies the size of small battalions.

Methods

To fulfill its missions, the Marines are disembarked off the ships of the Brazilian Navy, be it using landing boats, amphibious vehicles or helicopters. For this they count on the support of the navy and/or sea and air support.

On land, it operates its normal ways, which include tanks, field artillery, antiaircraft artillery, combat engineering, communications and electronic warfare.

Main Equipment

The Corps has a modern arsenal, composed by:

Equipment Origin Type Versions In service
Armoured fighting vehicle
SK-105 Kürassier  Austria light tank SK-105 17
AAV-7A1  United States amphibious assault vehicle 13 AAV-7A1 ,9 LVTP-7A1, 2 LVTC-7A1 and 2 LVTR-7A1 26
M113  United States armored personnel carrier M113A1 29
MOWAG Piranha  Switzerland armored personnel carrier Piranha IIIC 8x8 30
Towed artillery
M114  United States Towed howitzer 155 mm 6
L118  United Kingdom Towed howitzer 105 mm 18
M101  United States Towed howitzer 105 mm 6
K-6A3  Israel Mortar 120 mm -
M29 mortar  United States Mortar 81 mm -
Brandt mortar  France Mortar 60 mm -
Bofors 40mm L/70  Sweden Towed anti-aircraft artillery 40 mm 6
Anti-aircraft missiles
Mistral  France surface-to-air missile -
Vehicles
Bandvagn 206  Sweden Rada BV-206D 1
Marrua  Brazil light vehicle AM2 MB-NET 29
Land Rover Defender  United Kingdom Light Utility Vehicle - -
Toyota Land Cruiser  Brazil light vehicle Toyota HZJ73LV 4x4 -
Unimog  Germany Truck U1300L/2450L Unimog 228
MBB 1720  Brazil Truck Mod. 1720/A/42 4x4 -
Mercedez-Benz LAK1418  Brazil Truck Mod. LAK1418 4x4 -
Volvo NL  Brazil Truck Mod. NL 12360 -

Training

Brazilian marines demonstrate lane training.

To fulfill its missions, fusiliers must pass a rigorous physical training program, normally with many runs, calisthenics, sleep deprivation, swimming while holding their breath, practice shooting with diverse armaments, especially metal rings, rappeling and, in some cases, combat.

Uniforms

The Brazilian Marines wear several different uniforms.

Main Equipment

The Corps has a modern arsenal, composed by:

Weapon Type QTD Notes Picture
M16A2 Assault Rifle - be replaced by Imbel IA2
M16a1m16a2m4m16a45wi.jpg
M4 Special forces weapon -
M4-Transparent.png
Beretta 92 Pistol -
Beretta 92 FS.gif
Parker Hale M85 Sniper -
FN MAG Machine gun -
MAG-latrun-exhibition-1.jpg
FN MINIMI Light machine gun -
M249 FN MINIMI DA-SC-85-11586 c1.jpg
AT4 Anti-tank weapon - be replaced by ImbelALAC
AT-4 live-fire.jpg
ALAC Anti-tank weapon -
ALAC2.JPG
BILL Anti-tank missile - be replaced by MSS-1.2
MSS-1.2 Anti-tank missile -
Brazilian anti-tank missile system.png
SK 105 Light tank 17
GuentherZ 2006-08 12 0891 Jagdpanzer Kuerassier OeBH.jpg
AAV-7A1 Armoured personnel carrier 26
USMarines AAV Iraq apr 2004 116 hires.jpg
M113A1 Armoured personnel carrier 29 upgrade to finish in 2013
USAF M113 APC at Camp Bucca, Iraq.jpg
Mowag Piranha III (8x8) Armoured personnel carrier 30 Delivery Process Irish Army Mowag Piranha.jpg
M114 Howitzer 6
USArmy M114 howitzer.jpg
L118 Howitzer 18
One OClock Gun.jpg
M101 M101 howitzer 6 study by replacing M777
M101-105mm-howitzer-camp-pendleton-20050326.jpg
Bofors 40 mm gun Autocannon 6
Bofors-p004596.jpg
MANPADS Mistral Surface-to-air missile -
Mistral-2.jpg
Carcara UAV UAV - Carcara in test 2

Gallery

See also

  • Marines
  • Naval infantry

External links



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