Humpback whitefish


Humpback whitefish
Coregonus pidschian
Conservation status
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order: Salmoniformes
Family: Salmonidae
Genus: Coregonus
Species: C. pidschian
Binomial name
Coregonus pidschian
Gmelin, 1789

Coregonus pidschian, referred to as the humpback whitefish,[1] the bottom whitefish,[1][2] the Arctic whitefish[3] or the pidschian,[3] is a species of freshwater whitefish with a northern distribution. It is one of the members in the broader common whitefish complex, or the Coregonus clupeaformis complex.[1] This fish lives in estuaries and brackish water near river mouths, in deltas and in slowly running rivers, in large lakes with tributaries, and floodplain lakes.[1][2] It can migrate long distances upriver for spawning.

The distribution of Coregonus pidschian is in the Arctic basin, ranging from Northern Norway and Finland across the Russian coast to Alaska and up to the Mackenzie River drainage in North-West Canada.[2] It is also found in the Okhotsk Sea basin.[4]

References

  1. ^ a b c d Froese, Rainer, and Daniel Pauly, eds. (2010). "Coregonus pidschian" in FishBase. February 2010 version.
  2. ^ a b c Freyhof, J. & Kottelat, M. 2008. Coregonus pidschian. In: IUCN 2011. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2011.1. Downloaded on 26 August 2011.
  3. ^ a b Kottelat, M. and Freyhof, J. 2007. Handbook of European Freshwater Fishes. Publications Kottelat, Cornol, Switzerland.
  4. ^ Пыжьян Red Book of the Kamchatka Krai.