- Copy of Diana of Versailles
Copy of Diana of Versailles Artist Unknown Type Cast stone and steel rebar Dimensions 99 cm × 160 cm × 70 cm (39 in × 63 in × 27.5 in) Location Indianapolis Museum of Art, Indianapolis, Indiana Owner Indianapolis Museum of Art
Copy of Diana of Versailles is a figurative cast stone outdoor sculpture group located on the historic Oldfields estate on the campus of the Indianapolis Museum of Art (IMA), in Indianapolis, Indiana. The sculpture depicts the Greek goddess Artemis (though the figure in this sculpture is referred to by the name of her Roman counterpart, Diana), striding next to a prancing buck while preparing to fire an arrow. For the Roman marble upon which this sculpture is based, see Diana of Versailles.
This cast stone sculpture group depicts the Greek goddess Artemis (known here as Diana) on the hunt, accompanied by a disproportionately small buck. Diana, clad in strappy sandals, a flowing, Doric chiton terminating above her knee, a very short himation, a rounded tiara, and a quiver oriented toward her right shoulder, stands mid-stride at a three-quarter angle to the front of the sculpture with her proper right side closer to the front. Her proper left leg is slightly forward and bears her weight as she steps off her right leg, extended a bit behind her on a supportive rise of the base. With her right arm she reaches up and back, elbow extended sideways, and pulls at an arrow from her quiver, and with her left hand she grasps a fragment of a bow at waist height and slightly forward, with her hand positioned precisely between the buck’s antlers. Her head is turned to be nearly in line with her proper right arm and she has an intense gaze, as though she is closely watching her quarry. Her hair is pulled back into a knot at the nape of her neck.
The two-point buck is poised as though leaping, with his hind hooves on the ground behind Diana and his front legs pulled up for the jump. Even rising up in this manner his head barely reaches the height of her waist. The buck is supported from below his belly by a large tree stump. Both figures stand on a blocked rectangular base.
The grounds of Oldfields were landscaped by Percival Gallagher of the Olmsted Brothers in the 1920s. The property and all sculptures on it were donated to the IMA by the family of former Oldfields owner Josiah K. Lilly, Jr., in 1967. In 2001 the outdoor sculptures were assessed, and eighteen selected pieces were accessioned into the IMA’s Lilly House collection. Copy of Diana of Versailles was assigned Accession Number LH2001.242.
This sculpture is a miniature copy of Diana of Versailles, a Roman marble copy (2 meters high) of an ancient Greek bronze sculpture thought to have been made by Leochares c. 325 BC. The Roman marble, of which copies have been made in many media and sizes, was given to King Henry II of France by Pope Paul IV in the 1500s. The statue has been installed at Fontainebleau and Versailles (hence its title) and is now displayed at the Louvre. It has been suggested about the original sculpture that the depicted buck is not Diana’s companion but her quarry.
The maker and place of origin of the IMA’s sculpture are unknown, but it seems to be one example of a sculpture mass-produced for estate grounds decoration. Diana was a favorite theme for this, given her connection to the outdoors.
It is not known when this sculpture was first brought to the Oldfields estate. Two relatively recent reports shed scant light on the issue: O’Donnell et al. speculate that the three Diana sculptures on the property (see also Copy of Diana of Gabii and Diana with Dog) were purchased by the Lilly family, who owned the property after 1932; no supporting evidence is offered. A master's thesis on Oldfields notes that bids for two marble Diana sculptures were under consideration in 1923 during the Gallagher grounds design. It is possible that the resident Landon family later opted to purchase lesser-quality Dianas to save on expense.
The sculpture’s current location is its original, based on photographic evidence. One photograph dated to the period from the 1930s to the 1950s shows the sculpture on the same base but with very different plantings and no nearby path. The location is confirmed by comparison of the oldest extant trees with the ones in the photograph.
The cast stone sculpture is monitored and cleaned regularly by the IMA art conservation staff. This sculpture was surveyed in July of 1993 of as part of the Smithsonian American Art Museum's Inventories of American Painting and Sculpture database, and it was considered to require urgent treatment. However, condition problems are due to inherent vice of the materials used. The cast stone is porous and allows moisture to pass through to the rebar, which rusts and expands, progressively cracking the cast stone, which falls away. Options for filling losses with a more pliable material are under consideration.
- List of Indianapolis Museum of Art artworks
- Indianapolis Museum of Art
- ^ a b Save Outdoor Sculpture! (1993). "Diana (sculpture)". SIRIS. Smithsonian. http://siris-artinventories.si.edu/ipac20/ipac.jsp?&profile=all&source=~!siartinventories&uri=full=3100001~!339006~!0#focus. Retrieved June 12, 2010.
- ^ a b c Indianapolis Museum of Art (2010). "Diana with Deer". Collections. IMA. http://www.imamuseum.org/art/collections/artwork/diana-deer-. Retrieved June 12, 2010.
- ^ a b c Langdon, Katherine; McCoy, Richard (2011), The Outdoor Sculptures of Oldfields: A Report for the Objects and Variable Art Laboratory at the Indianapolis Museum of Art, Indianapolis, IN: Indianapolis Museum of Art
- ^ Diana (mythology)
- ^ O'Donnell, Patricia; Fairbanks, Jonathan; Hohmann, Heidi (1996), Oldfields: Estate Sculpture & Horticulture Study- Intent, Settings, Character & Recommendations., Heritage Landscapes
- ^ Schleif, Carolyn Marie (1989), Oldfields: An Historic Structures Report., Muncie, IN: College of Architecture and Planning, Ball State University
- ^ a b Indianapolis Museum of Art. Diana with Deer, Acc. # LH2001.242. 2011 Conservation Condition and Treatment Reports. Retrieved from Indianapolis Museum of Art Conservation Archives 19 January 2011.
Indianapolis Museum of Art outdoor artworks Indianapolis Museum of Art & Grounds Oldfields: The J. K. Lilly Jr. Estate 100 Acres: The Virginia B. Fairbanks Art and Nature ParkBench Around the Lake • Eden II • Free Basket • Funky Bones • Indianapolis Island • Park of Laments • Stratum Pier • Team Building (Align) Artworks on LoanEast Gate/West Gate • Mega-Gem • Portrait of History • Sewall Memorial Torches • Spaces with Iron De-accesioned ArtworksBroken Walrus II • Holistic Image VIII • Weather Tower Indianapolis
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Diana of Versailles — The Diana of Versailles in the Louvre Galerie des Caryatides that was designed for it The Diana of Versailles is a slightly over lifesize marble statue of the Greek goddess Artemis (Latin: Diana), with a deer, located in the Musée du Louvre … Wikipedia
Diana with Dog — Artist Unknown Type Cast stone Dimensions 200 cm × 91 cm × 76 cm (78 in × 36 in × 30 in) Location Indianapolis … Wikipedia
Mega-Gem — Artist John Francis Torreano Year 1989 (1989) Type Aluminum Dimensions 220 cm × 340 cm × 220 cm (86 in × 132 in × 86 in) Location … Wikipedia
Memories of Prague — Artist David Louis Rodgers Year 1983 (1983) 1985 Type Limestone Dimensions 130 cm × … Wikipedia
Mother and Child (Gordine) — Mother and Child Artist Dora Gordine Year 1964 (1964) Dimensions 110 cm × 36 cm × 235 cm (43.5 in × 14 in × … Wikipedia
Numbers 1-0 — Artist Robert Indiana Year 1980 (1980) 1983 Type Painted aluminum Dimensions 2.4 m × … Wikipedia
Nymph and Fawn — Artist Isidore Konti Year 1917 Dimensions 142.9 cm × 61 cm × 51 cm (56.25 in × 24 in × 20 in) Location India … Wikipedia
Oldfields — (Josiah Kirby Lilly, Jr. House) U.S. National Register of Historic Places U.S. National Historic Landmark District … Wikipedia
Martin Desjardins — For the hockey player, see Martin Desjardins (ice hockey). The portrait of Martin Desjardins was the reception piece for Hyacinthe Rigaud to the Académie royale, 1692 Martin Desjardins, born Martin van den Bogaert (1637 – 2 May 1694) was a French … Wikipedia
Artemis — Infobox Greek deity Caption = The Diana of Versailles , a Roman copy of a Greek sculpture by Leochares. (Louvre Museum) Name = Artemis God of = Goddess of the Hunt, Forests and Hills Abode = Symbol = Bow and Arrows Consort = Parents = Zeus and… … Wikipedia