Coös County, New Hampshire

Coös County, New Hampshire
Coos County, New Hampshire
Map of New Hampshire highlighting Coos County
Location in the state of New Hampshire
Map of the U.S. highlighting New Hampshire
New Hampshire's location in the U.S.
Founded 1803
Seat Lancaster
Largest city Berlin
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

1,831.18 sq mi (4,743 km²)
1,800.39 sq mi (4,663 km²)
30.79 sq mi (80 km²), 1.70%
Population
 - (2010)
 - Density

33,055
18/sq mi (7/km²)

Coös County (play /ˈk.ɒs/, with two syllables), usually spelled simply Coos County,[1][2] is a county in the U.S. state of New Hampshire, including the whole of the state's northern panhandle. The two-syllable pronunciation is sometimes made visible using diaeresis, notably in the Lancaster-based weekly newspaper, The Coös County Democrat, and on some county-owned vehicles.

Coös occupies the largest area of any New Hampshire county, but has the smallest population: 33,055, as of 2010.[3] It is the only New Hampshire county to have lost population between the 2000 and 2010 Censuses. The county seat is Lancaster. Major industries are forestry and tourism, with the once-dominant paper-making industry in sharp decline.

Coös County is part of the Berlin, NH–VT Micropolitan Statistical Area.

Contents

History

Coös County was separated from the northern part of Grafton County, New Hampshire and organized at Berlin[citation needed] December 24, 1803, although the county seat was later moved to Lancaster, with an additional shire town at Colebrook. The name Coös derives from the Algonquian Indian term meaning crooked, the Indian name of the Connecticut River, which rises in the northernmost end of the county.

During the American Revolutionary War two units of troops of the Continental ArmyBedel's Regiment and Whitcomb's Rangers — were raised from the settlers of Coös. From the Treaty of Paris of 1783 until 1835 the boundaries in the northern tip of the county (and New Hampshire itself) were disputed with Lower Canada (which was soon to become part of the Province of Canada), and for some years residents of the area formed the independent Republic of Indian Stream.

In the 1810 census there were 3,991 residents, and by 1870 there were nearly 15,000, at which point the entire county was valued at just under $USD 5 million, with farm productivity per acre comparing favorably with that of contemporary Illinois. Other early industries included forestry and manufacturing, using 4,450 water horsepower in 1870.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,831 square miles (4,740 km2), of which 1,800 sq mi (4,660 km2) is land and 31 square miles (80 km2) (1.70%) is water.

Much of its mountainous area is reserved as national forest, wilderness, state parks and other public areas; these encompass most of the northern portion of the White Mountains, including all the named summits of the Presidential Range (though one, Mt. Webster's, lies about 200 feet (61 m) from the county line). Mt. Washington's peak is the highest in the Northeast. The 162-mile Cohos Trail runs the length of the county.[4]

Mountains of Coös County

Adjacent counties

National protected areas

Demographics

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1810 3,991
1820 5,549 39.0%
1830 8,388 51.2%
1840 9,849 17.4%
1850 11,853 20.3%
1860 13,161 11.0%
1870 14,932 13.5%
1880 18,580 24.4%
1890 23,211 24.9%
1900 29,468 27.0%
1910 30,753 4.4%
1920 36,093 17.4%
1930 38,959 7.9%
1940 39,274 0.8%
1950 35,932 −8.5%
1960 37,140 3.4%
1970 34,291 −7.7%
1980 35,147 2.5%
1990 34,828 −0.9%
2000 33,111 −4.9%
2010 33,055 −0.2%
[5][6][7]

As of the census[8] of 2000, there were 33,111 people, 13,961 households, and 9,158 families residing in the county. The population density was 18 people per square mile (7/km²). There were 19,623 housing units at an average density of 11 per square mile (4/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 98.05% White, 0.12% Black or African American, 0.28% Native American, 0.37% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.16% from other races, and 1.00% from two or more races. 0.61% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 23.5% were of French, 19.8% French Canadian, 14.2% English, 10.2% Irish and 10.0% American ancestry according to Census 2000. 16.17% of the population speak French at home. [1]

There were 13,961 households out of which 28.10% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.30% were married couples living together, 8.80% had a female householder with no husband present, and 34.40% were non-families. 28.80% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.10% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.33 and the average family size was 2.82.

In the county the population was spread out with 22.80% under the age of 18, 6.30% from 18 to 24, 26.70% from 25 to 44, 25.70% from 45 to 64, and 18.50% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42 years. For every 100 females there were 95.60 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.60 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $33,593, and the median income for a family was $40,654. Males had a median income of $32,152 versus $21,088 for females. The per capita income for the county was $17,218. About 6.80% of families and 10.00% of the population were below the poverty line, including 10.70% of those under age 18 and 12.50% of those age 65 or over.

Politics

Presidential election results[9]
Year Democrat Republican
2008 58.3% 9,532 40.1% 6,558
2004 50.7% 8,585 48.1% 8,143
2000 45.0% 6,570 50.2% 7,329

Cities, towns, and unincorporated areas

Cities
Towns
Unincorporated areas

In New Hampshire, locations, grants, townships (which are different from towns), and purchases are unincorporated portions [10] of a county which are not part of any town or city. They have limited self-government, if any, as many are uninhabited.

Media in Coös County

Radio stations

(Compiled from Radiostationworld.com)

Television stations

Coös County is part of the Portland-Auburn DMA. Cable companies carry Fox (WPFO), ABC (WMTW), CBS (WGME), NBC (WCSH) and select Burlington, Vermont and Portland stations.

Newspapers

See also

References

  1. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Coos County
  2. ^ "New Hampshire Revised Statutes Annotated 22:11, "Coos"". New Hampshire General Court. http://www.gencourt.state.nh.us/rsa/html/II/22/22-11.htm. Retrieved May 24, 2010. 
  3. ^ United States Census Bureau, American FactFinder, 2010 Census figures. Retrieved March 23, 2011.
  4. ^ http://www.bostonglobe.com/metro/2011/10/15/hiker-completes-creation-mile-trail/ Hiker completes creation of 162-mile trail] Billy Baker, Boston Globe, October 16, 2011
  5. ^ http://www.census.gov/population/www/censusdata/cencounts/files/nh190090.txt
  6. ^ http://factfinder2.census.gov/faces/tableservices/jsf/pages/productview.xhtml?pid=DEC_10_PL_QTPL&prodType=table
  7. ^ http://mapserver.lib.virginia.edu/
  8. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  9. ^ "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". http://uselectionatlas.org/RESULTS/. Retrieved 2011-06-11. 
  10. ^ "Unincorporated Places". http://www.cooscountynh.us/index.php?MENUID=6&ITEMID=0. Retrieved 2011-01-22. "1. ATKINSON & GILMANTON ACADEMY GRANT 2. BEAN'S GRANT 3. BEAN'S PURCHASE 4. CAMBRIDGE 5. CHANDLER'S PURCHASE 6. CRAWFORD'S PURCHASE 7. CUTT'S GRANT 8. DIX'S GRANT 9. DIXVILLE 10. ERVING'S GRANT 11. GREEN'S GRANT 12. HADLEY'S PURCHASE 13. KILKENNY 14. LOW & BURBANK GRANT 15. MARTIN'S LOCATION 16. MILLSFIELD 17. ODELL 18. PINKHAM'S GRANT 19. SARGENT'S PURCHASE 20. SECOND COLLEGE GRANT 21. SUCCESS 22. THOMPSON & MESERVE PURCHASE 23. WENTWORTH LOCATION" 

Coordinates: 44°41′N 71°18′W / 44.69°N 71.30°W / 44.69; -71.30

External links


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См. также в других словарях:

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