- Coös County, New Hampshire
Coos County, New Hampshire
Location in the state of New Hampshire
New Hampshire's location in the U.S.
Founded 1803 Seat Lancaster Largest city Berlin Area
1,831.18 sq mi (4,743 km²)
1,800.39 sq mi (4,663 km²)
30.79 sq mi (80 km²), 1.70%
18/sq mi (7/km²)
Coös County ( //, with two syllables), usually spelled simply Coos County, is a county in the U.S. state of New Hampshire, including the whole of the state's northern panhandle. The two-syllable pronunciation is sometimes made visible using diaeresis, notably in the Lancaster-based weekly newspaper, The Coös County Democrat, and on some county-owned vehicles.
Coös occupies the largest area of any New Hampshire county, but has the smallest population: 33,055, as of 2010. It is the only New Hampshire county to have lost population between the 2000 and 2010 Censuses. The county seat is Lancaster. Major industries are forestry and tourism, with the once-dominant paper-making industry in sharp decline.
Coös County was separated from the northern part of Grafton County, New Hampshire and organized at Berlin December 24, 1803, although the county seat was later moved to Lancaster, with an additional shire town at Colebrook. The name Coös derives from the Algonquian Indian term meaning crooked, the Indian name of the Connecticut River, which rises in the northernmost end of the county.
During the American Revolutionary War two units of troops of the Continental Army — Bedel's Regiment and Whitcomb's Rangers — were raised from the settlers of Coös. From the Treaty of Paris of 1783 until 1835 the boundaries in the northern tip of the county (and New Hampshire itself) were disputed with Lower Canada (which was soon to become part of the Province of Canada), and for some years residents of the area formed the independent Republic of Indian Stream.
In the 1810 census there were 3,991 residents, and by 1870 there were nearly 15,000, at which point the entire county was valued at just under $USD 5 million, with farm productivity per acre comparing favorably with that of contemporary Illinois. Other early industries included forestry and manufacturing, using 4,450 water horsepower in 1870.
According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,831 square miles (4,740 km2), of which 1,800 sq mi (4,660 km2) is land and 31 square miles (80 km2) (1.70%) is water.
Much of its mountainous area is reserved as national forest, wilderness, state parks and other public areas; these encompass most of the northern portion of the White Mountains, including all the named summits of the Presidential Range (though one, Mt. Webster's, lies about 200 feet (61 m) from the county line). Mt. Washington's peak is the highest in the Northeast. The 162-mile Cohos Trail runs the length of the county.
Mountains of Coös County
- Oxford County, Maine (east)
- Carroll County (southeast)
- Grafton County (southwest)
- Essex County, Vermont (west)
- Coaticook Regional County Municipality, Quebec, Canada (north)
- Le Haut-Saint-François Regional County Municipality, Quebec, Canada (north)
- Le Granit Regional County Municipality, Quebec, Canada (north)
Coaticook RCM, Quebec, Canada
Le Haut-Saint-François RCM, Quebec, Canada
Le Granit RCM, Quebec, Canada
Essex County, Vermont Oxford County, Maine Coös County, New Hampshire Grafton County Carroll County
National protected areas
- Umbagog National Wildlife Refuge (part)
- Silvio O. Conte National Fish and Wildlife Refuge (part)
- White Mountain National Forest (part)
Historical populations Census Pop. %± 1810 3,991 — 1820 5,549 39.0% 1830 8,388 51.2% 1840 9,849 17.4% 1850 11,853 20.3% 1860 13,161 11.0% 1870 14,932 13.5% 1880 18,580 24.4% 1890 23,211 24.9% 1900 29,468 27.0% 1910 30,753 4.4% 1920 36,093 17.4% 1930 38,959 7.9% 1940 39,274 0.8% 1950 35,932 −8.5% 1960 37,140 3.4% 1970 34,291 −7.7% 1980 35,147 2.5% 1990 34,828 −0.9% 2000 33,111 −4.9% 2010 33,055 −0.2% 
As of the census of 2000, there were 33,111 people, 13,961 households, and 9,158 families residing in the county. The population density was 18 people per square mile (7/km²). There were 19,623 housing units at an average density of 11 per square mile (4/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 98.05% White, 0.12% Black or African American, 0.28% Native American, 0.37% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.16% from other races, and 1.00% from two or more races. 0.61% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 23.5% were of French, 19.8% French Canadian, 14.2% English, 10.2% Irish and 10.0% American ancestry according to Census 2000. 16.17% of the population speak French at home. 
There were 13,961 households out of which 28.10% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.30% were married couples living together, 8.80% had a female householder with no husband present, and 34.40% were non-families. 28.80% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.10% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.33 and the average family size was 2.82.
In the county the population was spread out with 22.80% under the age of 18, 6.30% from 18 to 24, 26.70% from 25 to 44, 25.70% from 45 to 64, and 18.50% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42 years. For every 100 females there were 95.60 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.60 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $33,593, and the median income for a family was $40,654. Males had a median income of $32,152 versus $21,088 for females. The per capita income for the county was $17,218. About 6.80% of families and 10.00% of the population were below the poverty line, including 10.70% of those under age 18 and 12.50% of those age 65 or over.
Presidential election results Year Democrat Republican 2008 58.3% 9,532 40.1% 6,558 2004 50.7% 8,585 48.1% 8,143 2000 45.0% 6,570 50.2% 7,329
Cities, towns, and unincorporated areas
- Berlin (former county seat)
- Unincorporated areas
In New Hampshire, locations, grants, townships (which are different from towns), and purchases are unincorporated portions  of a county which are not part of any town or city. They have limited self-government, if any, as many are uninhabited.
- Atkinson & Gilmanton Academy Grant
- Bean's Grant
- Bean's Purchase
- Chandler's Purchase
- Crawford's Purchase
- Cutt's Grant
- Dix's Grant
- Dixville Notch, village within Dixville township, best known of the small communities that cast the first dozens of votes in the national presidential primary process
- Erving's Location
- Green's Grant
Media in Coös County
- WMOU - 1230 AM, Berlin - Nostalgia
- WKBR - 1450 AM, Lancaster - Construction permit (CP)
- WRTN - 1490 AM, Berlin - Construction permit (CP)
- WOTX - 93.7 FM, Groveton - Classic rock - "The Outlaw"
- WHOM - 94.9 FM, Mount Washington - Soft Adult Contemporary - "America's Superstation"
- W238BP - 95.3 FM, Berlin - Hot Adult Contemporary - "Magic 104" - Rebroadcast of WVMJ, North Conway
- W251BD - 98.1 FM, Berlin - Hot Adult Contemporary - "Magic 104" - Rebroadcast of WVMJ, North Conway
- WXRG - 99.1 FM, Jefferson - Adult Hits - "Free 99.1"
- WRNH - 101.5 FM, Groveton - Construction permit (CP)
- WXXS - 102.3 FM, Lancaster - Eclectic Music Mix (Hot AC/Rock/Dance) - "Kiss 102.3"
- WEVC - 107.1 FM, Gorham - New Hampshire Public Radio
(Compiled from Radiostationworld.com)
- W18BO - Pittsburg - Channel 18, rebroadcast of New Hampshire Public Television
- W27BL - Berlin - Channel 27, rebroadcast of WMUR
- The Colebrook Chronicle - Weekly published Fridays from Colebrook, circulation 6,000. Also produces weekly Video New of the Week embedded at website
- The Coös County Democrat - Weekly published Wednesdays from Lancaster
- The News and Sentinel - Weekly in Colebrook
- The Berlin Daily Sun
- The Berlin Reporter - Weekly published Wednesdays from Berlin
- Great Northwoods Journal - Weekly from Lancaster, circulation 8,900
- ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Coos County
- ^ "New Hampshire Revised Statutes Annotated 22:11, "Coos"". New Hampshire General Court. http://www.gencourt.state.nh.us/rsa/html/II/22/22-11.htm. Retrieved May 24, 2010.
- ^ United States Census Bureau, American FactFinder, 2010 Census figures. Retrieved March 23, 2011.
- ^ http://www.bostonglobe.com/metro/2011/10/15/hiker-completes-creation-mile-trail/ Hiker completes creation of 162-mile trail] Billy Baker, Boston Globe, October 16, 2011
- ^ http://www.census.gov/population/www/censusdata/cencounts/files/nh190090.txt
- ^ http://factfinder2.census.gov/faces/tableservices/jsf/pages/productview.xhtml?pid=DEC_10_PL_QTPL&prodType=table
- ^ http://mapserver.lib.virginia.edu/
- ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- ^ "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". http://uselectionatlas.org/RESULTS/. Retrieved 2011-06-11.
- ^ "Unincorporated Places". http://www.cooscountynh.us/index.php?MENUID=6&ITEMID=0. Retrieved 2011-01-22. "1. ATKINSON & GILMANTON ACADEMY GRANT 2. BEAN'S GRANT 3. BEAN'S PURCHASE 4. CAMBRIDGE 5. CHANDLER'S PURCHASE 6. CRAWFORD'S PURCHASE 7. CUTT'S GRANT 8. DIX'S GRANT 9. DIXVILLE 10. ERVING'S GRANT 11. GREEN'S GRANT 12. HADLEY'S PURCHASE 13. KILKENNY 14. LOW & BURBANK GRANT 15. MARTIN'S LOCATION 16. MILLSFIELD 17. ODELL 18. PINKHAM'S GRANT 19. SARGENT'S PURCHASE 20. SECOND COLLEGE GRANT 21. SUCCESS 22. THOMPSON & MESERVE PURCHASE 23. WENTWORTH LOCATION"
- Coös County Website
- Great North Woods of New Hampshire
- Coos County town histories
- University of New Hampshire Cooperative Extension: Coös County office
- National Register of Historic Places listing for Coos County
Municipalities and communities of Coös County, New Hampshire County seat: Lancaster City Towns Townships
Atkinson and Gilmanton Academy Grant | Bean's Grant | Bean's Purchase | Cambridge | Chandler's Purchase | Crawford's Purchase | Cutt's Grant | Dix's Grant | Dixville | Erving's Location | Green's Grant | Hadley's Purchase | Kilkenny | Low and Burbank's Grant | Martin's Location | Millsfield | Odell | Pinkham's Grant | Sargent's Purchase | Second College Grant | Success | Thompson and Meserve's Purchase | Wentworth's Location
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
См. также в других словарях:
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