- Parliamentary constituencies in Hertfordshire
The county of Hertfordshire in England is divided into eleven Parliamentary constituencies. Each of the eleven elects a Member of Parliament (MP) to represent it at the United Kingdom (UK) Parliament in Westminster. As the 2010 general election, all of Hertfordshire's eleven MPs are Conservatives. The county currently has two urban borough constituencies (BC) – Broxbourne and Watford – while the other nine are classed as more rural county constituencies (CC).
Hertfordshire has been represented in Parliament since 1290. The number of MPs and the geographic areas they have represented have changed considerably, with some of the bigger changes occurring in 1832, 1885, 1974, 1983 and 1997. Since the last constituency elections in 2005, some boundaries have been altered slightly. The present ones are based upon recommendations made by the Boundary Commission for England, and came into legal effect with the passing of the Parliamentary Constituencies (England) Order 2007.
Parliamentary history of Hertfordshire
Hertfordshire was first represented in the English parliament in the thirteenth century, during the reign of King Edward I. Edward held a meeting of Parliament in the county in 1295. By 1307, the county's representation in parliament consisted of two representatives, known as Knights of the Shire, who represented the county as a whole. In addition, the city of St Albans and borough of Hertford elected two representatives of their own. Parliament's role evolved over the next five centuries, from a body existing primarily to advise the monarch on taxation, into a legislative body in its own right following the English Civil War. However, Hertfordshire's constituency makeup within it remained unchanged until 1852, when the constituency of St Albans was abolished. The next change came in the Redistribution of Seats Act 1885. The constituency of Hertfordshire itself was abolished, with the county represented by the constituencies of Hertford, the re-established St Albans, and the newly-formed Watford and Hitchin.
Following the Redistribution of Seats Act in 1885, Hertfordshire's Parliamentary boundaries remained the same until 1950. However, the demographics of voters in the county changed significantly, with four new towns being designated in the county in the three years from 1946–48. Meanwhile the eligibility to vote was extended from men who held property of a high enough value, to universal suffrage for all adults over the age of 21, as a result of the Representation of the People Acts in 1918 and 1928. In 1950 South West Hertfordshire was formed from part of the old Watford constituency, and for the following general election in 1955 East Hertfordshire was created from parts of Hitchin and Hertford. The next national boundary change affecting Hertfordshire came into effect for the February 1974 election. Four new constituencies were introduced, however three of these were replaced at the next national boundary change in 1983, as were Hitchin and East Hertfordshire. The 1983 boundary review saw the formation of Broxbourne, Hertford and Stortford, Hertsmere, Hitchin and Harpenden, Stevenage and North Hertfordshire, although the latter was replaced by North East Hertfordshire in 1997. The Boundary Commission for England decided not to change Hertfordshire's representation in Parliament for the 2010 election, although small boundary changes were made affecting eight of the county's eleven existing constituencies.
- Former constituency
- United Kingdom general election, 2010 * Constituency for the
Constituency Years 1290–1298 1298–1307 1307–1852 1852–1885 1885–1918 1918–1950 1950–1955 1955–1974 1974–1983 1983–1997 1997–* Hertfordshire 1290–1885 Hertford 1298–1974 St Albans[nb 1] 1307–1852 1885–* Watford 1885–* Hitchin 1885–1983 Hemel Hempstead 1918–1983 1997–* South West Hertfordshire 1950–* East Hertfordshire 1955–1983 Hertford and Stevenage 1974–1983 South Hertfordshire 1974–1983 Welwyn Hatfield 1974–* North Hertfordshire 1983–1997 West Hertfordshire 1983–1997 Broxbourne 1983–* Hertford and Stortford 1983–* Hertsmere 1983–* Hitchin and Harpenden 1983–* Stevenage 1983–* North East Hertfordshire 1997–*
Constituencies represented by multiple MPs
Following the 1832 Reform Act and the 1885 Representation of the People Act, it has become common for constituencies to be represented by a single MP. Prior to these acts Parliament consisted of fewer constituencies, with some represented by multiple MPs. Those which were represented by multiple Members of Parliament are listed below, with the increase or reduction in representation being implemented at general elections held in those years.
Name Year of formation Year abolished Number of MPs Hertford 1298[nb 2] 1868 2 Hertfordshire 1290 1832 2 1832 1885 3 St Albans[nb 1] 1307[nb 3] 1852 2
Hertfordshire's Parliamentary boundaries were amended by the Boundary Commission for England's fourth report for the 1997 general election, and these boundaries were retained for the 2001 and 2005 elections. Each constituency is made up of a series of whole or partial local government wards, which elect individual councillors at English local elections. Nine constituencies are designated as county constituencies, while two are considered borough constituencies. County constituencies are generally larger and more rural, and therefore county constituency Parliamentary candidates are allowed to spend more per head than their borough counterparts.
At the 2010 general election, the Conservative Party gained two seats from the Labour. By holding their existing nine seats, they therefore returned an MP in every Hertfordshire constituency. The seat with the smallest majority was Watford, where Richard Harrington defeated Sal Brinton of the Liberal Democrats by 1,425 votes. The safest seat was Hertsmere, where James Clappison received 17,605 votes more than his nearest rival.
Name[nb 4] Turnout Majority[nb 5] Member of Parliament Nearest opposition Electoral wards Map Broxbourne BC 45,658 (64.0%) 18,804 Charles Walker† Michael Watson‡ Broxbourne Borough Council: Broxbourne, Bury Green, Cheshunt Central, Cheshunt North, Flamstead End, Goffs Oak, Hoddesdon North, Hoddesdon Town, Rosedale, Rye Park, Theobalds, Waltham Cross, Wormley & Turnford.
Welwyn Hatfield Borough Council: Northaw.
Hemel Hempstead CC 49,471 (68.0%) 13,406 Michael Penning† Richard Grayson¤ Dacorum Borough Council: Adleyfield East, Adleyfield West, Apsley, Ashridge, Bennetts End, Boxmoor, Chauldren and Shrubhill, Corner Hall, Gadebridge, Grove Hill, Hemel Hempstead Central, Highfield and St Pauls, Kings Langley, Leverstock Green, Nash Mills, Warners End, Watling, Woodhall. Hertford and Stortford CC 55,377 (70.6%) 15,437 Mark Prisk† Richard Henry¤ East Hertfordshire District Council: Bishop’s Stortford All Saints, Bishop’s Stortford Central, Bishop’s Stortford Meads, Bishop’s Stortford Silverleys, Bishop’s Stortford South, Great Amwell, Hertford Bengeo, Hertford Castle, Hertford Heath, Hertford Kingsmead, Hertford Rural South, Hertford Sele, Hunsdon, Much Hadham, Sawbridgeworth, Stanstead Abbots, Ware Chadwell, Ware Christchurch, Ware St Mary’s, Ware Trinity. Hertsmere CC 47,270 (64.7%) 17,605 James Clappison† Sam Russell‡ Hertsmere Borough Council: Aldenham East, Aldenham West, Borehamwood Brookmeadow, Borehamwood Cowley Hill, Borehamwood Hillside, Borehamwood Kenilworth, Bushey Heath, Bushey North, Bushey Park, Bushey St James, Elstree, Potters Bar Furzefield, Potters Bar, Oakmere, Potters Bar Parkfield, Shenley. Hitchin and Harpenden CC 54,707 (74.1%) 15,271 Peter Lilley† Nigel Quinton¤ North Hertfordshire District Council: Cadwell Graveley & Wymondley, Hitchin Bearton, Hitchin Highbury, Hitchin Oughton, Hitchin Priory, Hitchin Walsworth, Hitchwood, Hoo, Kimpton, Offa.
St Albans City Council: Harpenden East, Harpenden North, Harpenden South, Harpenden West, Redbourn, Sandridge, Wheathampstead.
North East Hertfordshire CC 50,425 (69.8%) 15,194 Oliver Heald† Andy Harrop¤ East Hertfordshire District Council: Braughing, Buntingford, Hertford Rural North, Little Hadham, Mundens and Cottered, Puckeridge, Thundridge & Standon, Walkern, Watton-at-Stone.
North Hertfordshire District Council: Arbury, Baldock East, Baldock Town, Ermine, Letchworth East, Letchworth Grange, Letchworth South East, Letchworth South West, Letchworth Wilbury, Royston Heath, Royston Meridian, Royston Palace, Weston and Sandon.
South West Hertfordshire CC 56,750 (72.5%) 14,920 David Gauke† Christopher Townsend¤ Dacorum Borough Council: Aldbury and Wigginton, Berkhamsted Castle, Berkhamsted East, Berkhamsted West, Bovingdon Flaunden & Chipperfield, Northchurch, Tring Central, Tring East, Tring West.
Three Rivers District Council: Ashridge, Chorleywood East, Chorleywood West, Croxley Green, Croxley Green North, Croxley Green South, Hayling, Maple Cross & Mill End, Moor Park & Eastbury, Northwick, Penn, Rickmansworth, Rickmansworth West, Sarratt.
St Albans CC 52,835 (75.4%) 2,305 Anne Main† Sandy Walkington¤ St Albans City Council: Ashley, Batchwood, Clarence, Colney Heath, Cunningham, London Colney, Marshalswick North, Marshalswick South, Park Street, St Peters, St Stephen, Sopwell, Verulam.
Three Rivers District Council: Bedmond & Primrose Hill.
Stevenage CC 44,651 (64.8%) 3,578 Stephen McPartland† Sharon Taylor‡ East Hertfordshire District Council: Datchworth & Aston.
North Hertfordshire District Council: Codicote, Knebworth.
Stevenage Borough Council: Bandley Hill, Bedwell, Chells, Longmeadow, Manor, Martins Wood, Old Town, Pin Green, Roebuck, St Nicholas, Shephall, Symonds Green, Woodfield.
Watford BC 55,208 (68.3%) 1,425 Richard Harrington† Sal Brinton¤ Three Rivers District Council: Abbots Langley, Carpenders Park, Langleybury, Leavesden, Oxhey Hall.
Watford Borough Council: Callowland, Central, Holywell, Leggatts, Meriden, Nascot, Oxhey, Park, Stanborough, Tudor, Vicarage, Woodside.
Welwyn Hatfield CC 48,972 (68.0%) 17,423 Grant Shapps† Mike Hobday‡ Welwyn Hatfield Borough Council: Brookmans Park and Little Heath, Haldens, Handside, Hatfield Central, Hatfield East, Hatfield North, Hatfield South, Hatfield West, Hollybush, Howlands, Panshanger, Peartree, Sherrards, Welham Green, Welwyn North, Welwyn South.
Changes for the 2010 general election
In its fifth periodical report, the Boundary Commission for England recommended that the Hertfordshire constituencies used for the 1997, 2001 and 2005 general elections should be retained for the 2010 election. It did however suggest slight boundary changes to some constituencies, in an effort to reduce electoral disparity between constituencies. The recommendations, which became law with the Parliamentary Constituencies (England) Order 2007, also ensured that local government wards in Hertfordshire would no longer be split between two Parliamentary constituencies.
Dash (—) signifies that there were no changes.
No. on map Constituency Wards added from 2005 Wards removed from 2005 Pre-2010 Boundaries Post-2010 Boundaries 1 Broxbourne — — 2 Hemel Hempstead — Bovingdon Flaunden & Chipperfield 3 Hertford and Stortford — Hertford Rural South 4 Hertsmere — — 5 Hitchin and Harpenden Cadwell Graveley & Wymondley, Sandridge Letchworth Wilbury, Marshalswick North 6 North East Hertfordshire Hertford Rural South, Walkern, Letchworth Wilbury Cadwell Graveley & Wymondley 7 South West Hertfordshire Bovingdon Flaunden & Chipperfield — 8 St Albans Marshalswick North, Bedmond & Primrose Hill Sandridge 9 Stevenage — Walkern 10 Watford — Bedmond & Primrose Hill 11 Welwyn Hatfield — —
- East of England (European Parliament constituency)
- Hertfordshire County Council
- Hertfordshire local elections
- ^ a b St Albans was abolished in 1852, but re-established in 1885.
- ^ Hertford began to send representatives to parliament in 1298, and became a permanent constituency in 1624.
- ^ St Albans started sending members of parliament in 1307, and became a permanent constituency in 1554.
- ^ BC denotes borough constituency, CC denotes county constituency.
- ^ The majority is the number of votes the winning candidate receives more than their nearest rival.
- "Boundary Commission for England: Fifth Periodical Report". Boundary Commission for England. Crown Copyright. 2007. http://www.official-documents.gov.uk/document/cm70/7032/7032.pdf. Retrieved 6 November 2009.
- Craig, Frederick Walter Scott (1972). Boundaries of Parliamentary Constituencies 1885–1972. Chichester, Sussex: Political Reference Publications. ISBN 0900178132.
- Robinson, Gwennah (1978). Barracuda Guide to County History, Vol III: Hertfordshire. Barracuda Books. ISBN 0860230309.
- Richard Hacker (13 February 2001). "Report on a local inquiry into the Parliamentary constituency boundaries for the county of Hertfordshire". http://www.statistics.gov.uk/pbc/review_areas/downloads/Herts_AC_Report.pdf. Retrieved 28 November 2009. [dead link]
- ^ a b c d e f David Boothroyd. "Parliamentary Constituencies in the unreformed House". David Boothroyd. http://www.election.demon.co.uk/prereform.html. Retrieved 9 November 2009.
- ^ "Edward I 'Longshanks' (r. 1272–1307)". The Royal Household. http://www.royal.gov.uk/HistoryoftheMonarchy/KingsandQueensofEngland/ThePlantagenets/EdwardILongshanks.aspx. Retrieved 12 November 2009.
- ^ Robinson p31.
- ^ "A parliamentary map of the British Isles showing the electoral divisions as described in the Redistribution of Seats Act, 1885". David Rumsey Historical Map Collection. http://www.davidrumsey.com/luna/servlet/detail/RUMSEY~8~1~34235~1171150:A-parliamentary-map-of-the-British-. Retrieved 12 November 2009.
- ^ London Gazette: . 12 November 1946. Retrieved 2007-10-30.
- ^ London Gazette: . 7 February 1947. Retrieved 2007-10-30.
- ^ London Gazette: . 25 May 1948. Retrieved 2007-10-30.
- ^ "Women and the Vote". Parliamentary copyright. 13 November 2009. http://www.parliament.uk/parliamentary_publications_and_archives/parliamentary_archives/archives___the_suffragettes.cfm. Retrieved 26 November 2009. [dead link]
- ^ a b Boundary Commission for England pp. 346–350.
- ^ a b c d "Historic maps". David Rumsey Historical Map Collection. http://www.davidrumsey.com/detail?id=1-1-34235-1171150&name=Parliamentary+map++British+Isles+. Retrieved 28 November 2009.
- ^ "Full text of "The Representation of the people act, 1918 : with explanatory notes"". Internet Archive. http://www.archive.org/stream/representationof00frasrich/representationof00frasrich_djvu.txt. Retrieved 28 November 2009.
- ^ "UK General Election results July 1945". politicsresources.net. http://www.politicsresources.net/area/uk/ge45/i10.htm. Retrieved 29 November 2009.
- ^ "UK General Election results February 1950". politicsresources.net. http://www.politicsresources.net/area/uk/ge50/i11.htm. Retrieved 29 November 2009.
- ^ "UK General Election results May 1955". politicsresources.net. http://www.politicsresources.net/area/uk/ge55/i11.htm. Retrieved 29 November 2009.
- ^ "Variation of election expenses limits for candidates at UK Parliamentary and local government elections". The Electoral Commission. http://www.electoralcommission.org.uk/__data/assets/electoral_commission_pdf_file/0016/16063/Variations_15470-11493__E__N__S__W__.pdf. Retrieved 26 November 2009.
- ^ "The Parliamentary Constituencies (England) Order 2007, page 4". Office of Public Sector Information. Crown copyright. 13 June 2007. http://www.opsi.gov.uk/si/si2007/uksi_20071681_en_4. Retrieved 7 November 2009.
- ^ Boundary Commission for England pp. 1004–1007
- ^ a b c "Constituency:Broxbourne". BBC News. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/shared/election2010/results/constituency/a77.stm. Retrieved 2 August 2010.
- ^ "The Parliamentary Constituencies (England) Order 2007". Office of Public Sector Information. Crown copyright. 13 June 2007. http://www.opsi.gov.uk/si/si2007/uksi_20071681_en_1. Retrieved 7 November 2009.
United Kingdom Parliamentary constituencies Countries EnglandAvon · Bedfordshire · Berkshire · Buckinghamshire · Cambridgeshire · Cheshire · Cleveland · Cornwall · Cumbria · Derbyshire · Devon · Dorset · Durham · Essex · Gloucestershire · Greater Manchester · Hampshire · Herefordshire and Worcestershire · Hertfordshire · Humberside · Isle of Wight · Kent · Lancashire · Leicestershire and Rutland · Lincolnshire · London · Merseyside · Norfolk · Northamptonshire · Northumberland · Nottinghamshire · Oxfordshire · Shropshire · Somerset · Staffordshire · Suffolk · Surrey · East Sussex · West Sussex · Tyne and Wear · Warwickshire · West Midlands · Wiltshire · North Yorkshire · South Yorkshire · West Yorkshire Wales
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
List of Parliamentary constituencies in Hertfordshire — The county of Hertfordshireis divided into 11 Parliamentary constituencies 2 Borough constituenciesand 9 County constituencies.Current proposals by the Boundary Commission for England would retain these 11 constituencies, with changes to realign… … Wikipedia
Official names of United Kingdom Parliamentary constituencies in England — This article lists constituencies in England. For the main notes and the lists for other parts of the United Kingdom see Official names of United Kingdom Parliamentary constituencies. This article lists constituency names A M. For constituency… … Wikipedia
List of Parliamentary constituencies in Clwyd — There are eight constituencies covering Clwyd. They are all county constituencies (CCs) of the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom (Westminster), and are used also, since the 1999 Welsh Assembly election, for elections to the … Wikipedia
List of Parliamentary constituencies in Mid Glamorgan — The Parliamentary constituency boundaries used in Wales up to the United Kingdom general election, 2005 were drawn up before the local government reorganisation in 1996, and subsequent changes to Preserved counties boundaries have left some… … Wikipedia
List of parliamentary constituencies in Northern Ireland — Northern Ireland is divided into 18 Parliamentary constituencies 4 borough constituencies in Belfast and 14 county constituencies elsewhere. Each area returns one Member of Parliament (MP) to the House of Commons at Westminster and six Members of … Wikipedia
List of Parliamentary constituencies in Dyfed — There are five constitencies covering Dyfed. They are all county constituencies (CCs) of the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom (Westminster), and are used also, since the 1999 Welsh Assembly election, for elections to the… … Wikipedia
List of British parliamentary constituencies held by the Conservative Party — The British Conservative Party, founded in 1832 and the most successful political party in the World, have been in opposition since their devastating 1997 loss to Labour. In 2001 they made a net gain of a single seat. However, in 2005, they made… … Wikipedia
Parliamentary representation from Middlesex — The historic county of Middlesex in south east England was represented in Parliament from the 13th century. This article provides a list of constituencies constituting the Parliamentary representation from Middlesex.From early times the City of… … Wikipedia
Hertfordshire — Not to be confused with Herefordshire. Hertfordshire Flag of Hertfordshire Motto of County Council: Trust and fear not … Wikipedia
Hertfordshire (UK Parliament constituency) — UK former constituency infobox Name = Hertfordshire Type = County Year = 1290 Abolition = 1885 members = two (1290 1832), three (1832 1885)Hertfordshire was a county constituency of the Parliament of the United Kingdom, which returned two Members … Wikipedia