Constance of Sicily, Queen of Aragon


Constance of Sicily, Queen of Aragon
Constance of Sicily
Queen consort of Aragon, Sicily, and Valencia; Countess consort of Barcelona
Tenure 1276–1285
Spouse Peter III of Aragon
Issue
Alfonso III of Aragon
James II of Aragon
Elisabeth, Queen of Portugal
Frederick III of Sicily
Yolanda, Duchess of Calabria
Pedro of Aragon
House Hohenstaufen Dynasty (by birth)
House of Aragon (by marriage)
Father Manfred of Sicily
Mother Beatrice of Savoy
Born 1249
Sicily
Died 9 April 1302 (aged 52 or 53)
Barcelona, Spain
Burial Cathedral of Santa Eulalia, Barcelona

Constance (or Constantia) (1249 – 9 April 1302) was the Queen consort of Peter III of Aragon.

Contents

Family

She was the only daughter of Manfred of Sicily and his first wife Beatrice of Savoy. Her paternal grandparents were Frederick II, Holy Roman Emperor and his mistress Bianca Lancia. Her maternal grandparents were Amadeus IV of Savoy and his first wife Anne of Burgundy.

Marriage

On 13 June 1262, Constantia married Prince Peter of Aragon, eldest son of James I of Aragon and his second wife Violant of Hungary.

Manfred was killed in the Battle of Benevento (26 February 1266) while fighting against his rival Charles of Anjou, son of Louis VIII of France and Blanche of Castile. As his eldest daughter she could be considered his heiress but did not pursue her claim at this time.

James I died on 27 July 1276 and Peter succeeded to the throne. Constance became his Queen consort. With the War of the Sicilian Vespers (1282–1302), at first Peter and then their sons claimed the throne of Sicily in her right. The War resulted in the partition of the Kingdom of Sicily to the "Kingdom of Trinacria" (the island of Sicily) under her descendants and the Kingdom of Naples under the descendants of Charles of Anjou.

Peter III died on 2 November 1285 and Constantia remained a widow. She ended her days as a nun in Barcelona.

Children

Constantia and Peter III of Aragon had six children:

Constantia's ancestors in three generations
Constantia of Sicily Father:
Manfred of Sicily
Paternal Grandfather:
Frederick II, Holy Roman Emperor
Paternal Great-grandfather:
Henry VI, Holy Roman Emperor
Paternal Great-grandmother:
Constance of Sicily
Paternal Grandmother:
Bianca Lancia
Paternal Great-grandfather:
Unknown
Paternal Great-grandmother:
Unknown
Mother:
Beatrice of Savoy
Maternal Grandfather:
Amadeus IV of Savoy
Maternal Great-grandfather:
Thomas I of Savoy
Maternal Great-grandmother:
Marguerite of Geneva
Maternal Grandmother:
Anne of Burgundy
Maternal Great-grandfather:
Hugh III, Duke of Burgundy
Maternal Great-grandmother:
Béatrice of Albon
Constance of Sicily, Queen of Aragon
Born: circa 1249 Died: 9 April 1302
Royal titles
Preceded by
Teresa Gil de Vidaure
Queen consort of Aragon
1276–1285
Succeeded by
Isabella of Castile
Countess consort of Barcelona, Girona, Osona and Besalú
1276–1285
Queen consort of Valencia
1276–1285
Preceded by
Margaret of Burgundy
Queen consort of Sicily
1282–1285
Succeeded by
Isabella of Castile

External links


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