- Conservation of fungi
Fungi are considered to be in urgent need of conservation by the British Mycological Society on the grounds that it is a traditionally neglected taxon which has legal protection in few countries. Current threats to fungi include destruction of forests worldwide, fragmentation of habitat, changes in land use, pollution, anthropogenic climate change and over-exploitation of commercially attractive species.
The Species Survival Commission of the IUCN has five specialist groups dealing with the conservation of fungi:
- Chytrid, Zygomycete, Downy Mildew and Slime Mould Specialist Group
- Cup-fungus, Truffle and Ally Specialist Group
- Lichen Specialist Group
- Mushroom, Bracket and Puffball Specialist Group
- Rust and Smut Specialist Group
Lack of knowledge is considered a major concern with a general paucity of comprehensive checklists, even for developed nations. In addition, the criteria for "red-listing" is not specifically designed for fungi and the kinds of data required, viz. population size, lifespan, spatial distribution and poulation dynamics are poorly known for most fungi. As a result in practice, indicator species are identified as target foci for the conservation of threatened fungi.
- ^ a b Régis (2 July 2001). "Current trends and perspectives for the global conservation of fungi". In Moore, David. ( British Mycological Society. Symposium). Fungal conservation: issues and solutions : a special volume of the British Mycological Society. Cambridge University Press. pp. 8–9. ISBN 9780521803632. http://books.google.com/books?id=yLg35jpj3j4C&pg=PA9. Retrieved 10 July 2011.
- ^ Unattributed (September 17, 2010). "IUCN - Fungi". Species Survival Commission. http://www.iucn.org/about/work/programmes/species/about_ssc/specialist_groups/directory_specialist_groups/fungi/. Retrieved 10 July 2011.
- ^ Jacob; Jan (2008). "Conservation:selection criteria and approaches". In Boddy, Lynne; Frankland, Juliet C. & West, Pieter. Ecology of saprotrophic basidiomycetes. British Mycological Society & Academic Press. pp. 325–347. ISBN 9780123741851. http://books.google.com/books?id=3dGf9vUIlCIC&pg=PA325. Retrieved 10 July 2011.
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