Congress for Democracy

Congress for Democracy

The Congress for Democracy (CFD) was an Indian political party founded in 1977 by Jagjivan Ram. It was formed after Jagjivan Ram left the Congress party of Indira Gandhi and denounced her rule during the Indian Emergency. The party contested the Indian general election, 1977 with the Janata alliance and later merged with it.

Contents

Formation

Jagjivan Ram was a senior politician within the Congress party and had been a loyalist of Indira Gandhi. He had held various cabinet posts, and had served India's defence minister during the Indo-Pakistani War of 1971. He was also the most prominent Scheduled Caste or Dalit politician in the nation. Ram had stayed loyal to Indira after she imposed a state of emergency in 1975. However, the state of emergency had proven widely unpopular and upon calling elections in 1977, it became apparent that Indira's Congress could suffer defeat. Consequently, Ram and his supporters resigned from the government and the Congress party in January 1977, denouncing Indira Gandhi and her Emergency rule. The Congress for Democracy was launched on February 2, 1977.[1] Jagjivan Ram became the president of the party and former Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh H. N. Bahuguna became the party general secretary. Other co-founders included the former Chief Minister of Orissa Nandini Satpathy, former Union Minister of State for Finance K. R. Ganesh, former M.P. D. N. Tiwari and Bihari politician Mangal Raj Pandey.[1]

1977 election

Although the new party was mocked by Indira's Congress as the "Congress for Defectors"[1] Jagjivan Ram's support was actively courted by the opposition Janata party alliance as he was the most influential Scheduled Caste leader in the country.[1] While the Congress for Democracy agreed to jointly campaign and contest the election with the Janata party, it stated that it would maintain a separate organisation and identity.[1]

In the 1977 elections, the Janata-CFD alliance won 298 seats, ousting the Congress from power for the first time in 30 years. The Congress for Democracy itself won only 28 seats, but its role in raising significant support for the Janata alliance amongst India's Scheduled Caste communities, formerly a loyal Congress base, earned it considerable influence in the formation of a new government.[1]

Merger with Janata

Along with Morarji Desai and Charan Singh, Jagjivan Ram was a leading candidate to become the new Prime Minister of India as head of the Janata-CFD coalition.[1] Seeking to avoid a divisive contest, Janata leaders asked Jayaprakash Narayan, who was seen as the spiritual leader of the party, to choose the leader, pledging to abide by his choice. When Narayan chose Desai, the CFD expressed criticism at the un-democratic selection of the leader and hesitated about joining the government. However, Narayan and Desai coaxed Ram into joining the government as a Deputy Prime Minister of India and Minister of Defence. H. N. Bahuguna joined the Cabinet as Minister of Petroleum and Chemicals. On May 5, 1977 the Congress for Democracy announced its intention to merge its organisation with the Janata party.[1]

Post-Janata

Despite joining the ranks of the Janata party, CFD politicians remained specifically loyal to Jagjivan Ram. When Ram withdrew his support for the Desai government in 1979, he was supported by a significant number of former CFD MPs. With the fall of the Janata government in 1979-80, Ram and his supporters formed the Congress (J) - "J" standing for "Jagjivan", which maintained a small presence in the Indian Parliament.

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h G. G. Mirchandani (2003). 320 Million Judges. Abhinav Publications. pp. 90–100. ISBN 8170170613. 

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

См. также в других словарях:

  • Congress for Democracy and Progress — Coordinates: 12°21′39.9″N 1°31′4.2″W / 12.361083°N 1.517833°W / 12.361083; 1.517833 …   Wikipedia

  • Congress for Democracy and Justice — The Congress for Democracy and Justice (CDJ) is a political party in Gabon, led by Jules Aristide Bourdes Ogouliguende. In the 17 December/24 December 2006 parliamentary election, the CDJ won one out of 120 seats in the National Assembly. Bourdes …   Wikipedia

  • Lesotho Congress for Democracy — The Lesotho Congress for Democracy is a political party in Lesotho. In 1997, Prime Minister Ntsu Mokhehle left the Basutoland Congress Party to form with his faction the new Lesotho Congress for Democracy. The new party won the 1998 elections… …   Wikipedia

  • Lesotho Congress for Democracy — Congrès du Lesotho pour la démocratie Le Congrès du Lesotho pour la démocratie (en anglais Lesotho Congress for Democracy) est un parti politique lesothan. En 1997, le premier ministre Ntsu Mokhehle quitte le Parti du congrès du Basutoland avec… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Congress for Democratic Change — (CDC) is a Liberian political party formed by supporters of George Weah s 2005 presidential candidacy. In the 11 October 2005 elections, Weah placed first in the presidential poll, winning 28.3% of the vote. He was defeated by Ellen Johnson… …   Wikipedia

  • Agreement for Democracy — The Agreement for Democracy was ratified in Miami on February 20, 1998 by pro democracy organizations in Cuba and in Miami dedicated to promoting liberty and democracy in Cuba. More than 120 organizations, both in Cuba and abroad, have signed… …   Wikipedia

  • Front for Democracy — The Front for Democracy ( Union del Cambio Nacionalista or El Frente) is a political party in Guatemala. In the legislative elections held on 9 September 2007, the party secured 0.91 % of the votes in the race for national list deputies and, save …   Wikipedia

  • National Endowment for Democracy — The National Endowment for Democracy, or NED, is a U.S. non profit organization that was founded in 1983 to promote US friendly democracy by providing cash grants funded primarily through an annual allocation from the U.S. Congress.[1] Although… …   Wikipedia

  • Center for Democracy and Technology — Center for Democracy Technology Type Non profit organization Founded 1994 Location Washington, D.C., United States Website …   Wikipedia

  • National Union for Democracy and Progress (Cameroon) — The National Union for Democracy and Progress (French: Union Nationale pour la Démocratie et le Progrès) is a political party in Cameroon, drawing its main support from the north of the country. It was established as an opposition party in the… …   Wikipedia


Поделиться ссылкой на выделенное

Прямая ссылка:
Нажмите правой клавишей мыши и выберите «Копировать ссылку»