Comprador


Comprador

Comprador or Compradore (Chinese: 江摆渡, jīangbăidù; or 康白度, kāngbăidù) is a term used to describe native managers of European business houses in East Asia.

History

The term comprador, a Portuguese word that means buyer, derives from the Latin comparare, which means to procure.[1] The original usage of the word in East Asia meant a native servant in European households in Guangzhou in southern China or the neighboring Portuguese colony at Macao who went to market to barter their employers' wares.[1][2] The term then evolved to mean the native contract suppliers who worked for foreign companies in East Asia or the native managers of firms in East Asia.[1][2] Compradors held important positions in southern China buying and selling tea, silk, cotton and yarn for foreign corporations and working in foreign-owned banks.[2] Robert Hotung, a late nineteenth century compradore of the British owned trading conglomerate History of Jardine, Matheson & Co. was believed to be the richest man in Hong Kong by the age of 35.[3] Notable compradors during the Republican Period in 20th century China included Zhang Jiaao of Shanghai and Tong King-sing of Guangdong.

In Marxism, the term comprador bourgeoisie was later applied to similar trading-class in regions outside of East Asia.[4]

References

  1. ^ a b c  Chisholm, Hugh, ed (1911). "Comprador". Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. 
  2. ^ a b c Bergere, Marie-Clarie (1989). The Golden Age of the Chinese Bourgeoisie 1911-1937. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. pp. 38–39. 0521320542. 
  3. ^ Tsang, Steve (2007). A Modern History of Hong Kong. I. B. Taurus & Company. ISBN 9781845114190. 
  4. ^ Slobodan Antonić: Компрадори

External links



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  • comprador — ● comprador, compradore adjectif Relatif aux compradores. ● comprador, compradores nom masculin (portugais comprador, acheteur) Autrefois, en Chine, autochtone fondé de pouvoir des firmes étrangères. Dans les pays en voie de développement, membre …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • comprador — compradór adj. m., s. m., pl. compradóri; f. sg. compradóră, pl. compradóre Trimis de siveco, 10.08.2004. Sursa: Dicţionar ortografic  COMPRADÓR, Ă adj. Burghezie compradoră = parte a burgheziei din …   Dicționar Român

  • Comprador — Com pra*dor, n. [Pg., a buyer.] A kind of steward or agent. [China] S. W. Williams [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • comprador — comprador, ra adjetivo y sustantivo cliente, consumidor, parroquiano. * * * Sinónimos: ■ adquirente, cliente, negociante, tratante, comerciante …   Diccionario de sinónimos y antónimos

  • comprador — |ô| s. m. O que compra …   Dicionário da Língua Portuguesa

  • comprador — comprador, ra adjetivo,sustantivo masculino y femenino 1. [Persona] que compra alguna cosa: Los compradores son cada vez más exigentes. parte* compradora. adjetivo 1. Uso/registro: coloqu …   Diccionario Salamanca de la Lengua Española

  • comprador — comprador, ra (Del lat. comparātor, ōris). 1. adj. Que compra. U. t. c. s.) 2. m. desus. Criado o mozo destinado a comprar diariamente los comestibles necesarios para el sustento de una casa o familia …   Diccionario de la lengua española

  • comprador — or compradore [käm΄prə dôr′] n. [Port, buyer < LL comparator < L comparare, to procure, buy < com , with + parare, to make ready, PREPARE] Historical in China, a native agent for a foreign business, who had charge over the native workers …   English World dictionary

  • Comprador — Le mot comprador désigne un Chinois qui sert d intermédiaire dans des opérations financières et marchandes entre des Européens et d autres Chinois, essentiellement dans les domaines du thé, de la soie et du coton dans les zones sud du pays (Macao …   Wikipédia en Français

  • comprador — ► adjetivo/ sustantivo 1 COMERCIO Que compra: ■ el comprador intentó regatear. 2 COMERCIO Que tiene intención de comprar o interés por una cosa o está en tratos para ello: ■ el piso tiene dos posibles compradores. * * * comprador, a 1 adj. y n.… …   Enciclopedia Universal