- Component engineering
Component engineering is an engineering discipline primarily used to assure the availability of suitable components required to manufacture a larger product.
The term combines two ideas, whereas:
- a component is a smaller, self-contained part of a larger entity, and
- engineering is the discipline and profession of applying science (knowledge) for the benefit of people.
Those who professionally practice primarily this discipline are called component engineers. Component engineers are typically responsible for the "selection, approval/qualification, documentation, and management of all purchased components and direct material utilized to produce an [...] end product".
Component engineers typically qualify interchangeable parts obtained from sources outside their organization, generally referred to as vendors.
Because of the high numbers of components used in electronic assemblies, component engineering is often closely associated with their design and manufacture.
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