Communist Party of Turkey/Marxist–Leninist


Communist Party of Turkey/Marxist–Leninist
Communist Party of Turkey/Marxist-Leninist
Türkiye Komünist Partisi/Marksist-Leninist
Leader Unknown
Founded 1972
Headquarters İbrahim Kaypakkaya)
Ideology Communism,
Anti-Revisionism
Marxism-Leninism,
Maoism
Political position Far-left
International affiliation International Conference of Marxist-Leninist Parties and Organizations
Official colours Red
Website
www.partizan.org/tkpml.htm
Politics of Turkey
Political parties
Elections
Republic of Turkey

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Communist Party of Turkey/Marxist-Leninist (Türkiye Komünist Partisi/Marksist-Leninist in Turkish, abbreviated as TKP/ML) is a clandestine communist organization in Turkey currently waging a war against the Turkish Government. It was founded in 1972 with İbrahim Kaypakkaya as its first leader. The founders of the TKP/ML were the former members of the Revolutionary Workers and Peasants Party of Turkey that desired to carry out armed struggle.

TKP/ML participates in International Conference of Marxist-Leninist Parties and Organizations.

Contents

History

Following the military memorandum of 1971 the Turkish government cracked down the communist movement in Turkey. Kaypakkaya and several of his colleagues were arrested. The party machinery was destroyed. It was Kaypakkaya died in prison in 1973 allegedly because of torture.

Communist Party of Turkey/Marxist-Leninist re-organized between 1973 and 1978. The first party congress took place in 1978 (TKP/ML I. Kongresi in Turkish). In 1981 the second congress was organized (TKP/ML II. Kongresi). The party split following the second congress, the splinter taking up the name Bolshevik Party (North Kurdistan-Turkey).

However it was nor the first neither the last split in the party. The Communist Party of Turkey/Marxist-Leninist - Hareketi had already split in (1976) during the re-organisation period. Other splits followed the second congress: Communist Party of Turkey/Marxist-Leninist - Revolutionary Proletarian (1987), Communist Party of Turkey/Marxist-Leninist (Maoist Party Centre) (1987) and Maoist Communist Party (1994).

Organisation

The armed wing of the party is named Workers' and Peasants' Liberation Army in Turkey (Türkiye İşci ve Köylü Kurtuluş Ordusu in Turkish, abbreviated as TİKKO).

The main periodical of the party is called Partizan (Partisan). There are two other periodicals they have published: İşçi-Köylü (Worker-Peasant) and Özgür Gelecek (Free Future)[1].

Designation as a Terrorist Organisation

The organisation is listed among the 12 active terrorist organisation in Turkey as of 2007 according to Counter-Terrorism and Operations Department of Directorate General for Security (Turkish police)[2].

Human Resources

A study carried out by the Counter-Terrorism and Operations Department of Directorate General for Security over a sample of files about people convicted of being a terrorist under Turkish laws including 826 militants from the organisation and the three other currently active left-wing organisations (see reference 1) 65 % of the members are aged 14 to 25, 16,8 % 25 to 30 and 17,5 % are older than 30. University graduates make up 20,4 % of the members, high school graduates 33,5 %, secondary school graduates 14 %, primary school graduates 29,9 % and illiterates 1,9 % (while they have no sampled literate non-graduate members) [3].

References

  1. ^ Family Tree of the Turkish Radical Left
  2. ^ TÜRKİYE'DE HALEN FAALİYETLERİNE DEVAM EDEN BAŞLICA TERÖR ÖRGÜTLERİ: http://www.egm.gov.tr/temuh/terorgrup1.html
  3. ^ Zaman. 25.12.2007. "Dikkat: Hangi yasadışı örgüte kimler üye olur?". http://www.iyibilgi.com/haber.php?haber_id=47595

External links

See also


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