Henry Airay

Henry Airay

Henry Airay (1560 approx. – 1616), English Puritan preacher and author, was born at Kentmere, Westmorland, but no record remains of the date of either birth or baptism.

He was the son of William Airay, the favourite servant of Bernard Gilpin, "the apostle of the North," whose bounty showed itself in sending Henry and his brother Evan (or Ewan) to his own endowed school, where they were educated "in grammatical learning," and were in attendance at Oxford when Gilpin died. From Wood's "Athenae" we glean the details of Airay's college attendance. "He was sent to St Edmund's Hall in 1579, aged nineteen or thereabouts. Soon after he was translated to Queen's College, where he became "pauper puer serviens"; that is, a poor serving child that waits on the fellows in the common hall at meals, and in their chambers, and does other servile work about the college."

His transference to Queen's is perhaps explained by its having been Gilpin's college, and by his Westmorland origin giving him a claim on Eaglesfield's foundation. He graduated B.A. on the 19th of June 1583, M.A. on the 15th of June 1586, B.D. in 1594 and D.D. on the 17th of June 1600—all in Queen's College. "About the time he was master" (1586) "he entered holy orders, and became a frequent and zealous preacher in the university."

His "Commentary on the Epistle to the Philippians" (1618, reprinted 1864) is a specimen of his preaching before his college, and of his fiery denunciation of Roman Catholicism and his fearless enunciation of that Calvinism which Oxford in common with all England then prized. In 1598 he was chosen provost of his college, and in 1606 was vice-chancellor of the university. In the discharge of his vice-chancellor's duties he came into conflict with Laud, who even thus early was manifesting his antagonism to the prevailing Puritanism.

He was also rector of Otmore (or Otmoor), near Oxford, a living which involved him in a trying but successful litigation, whereof later incumbents reaped the benefit. He died on the 6th of October 1610. His character as a man, preacher, divine, and as an important ruler in the university, will be found portrayed in the "Epistle" by John Potter, prefixed to the Commentary.


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Kentmere — Coordinates: 54°25′44″N 2°50′24″W / 54.429°N 2.840°W / 54.429; 2.840 …   Wikipedia

  • List of University of Oxford people in academic disciplines — This is a list of people from the University of Oxford in academic disciplines. Many were students at one (or more) of the colleges of the University, and others held fellowships at a college. This list forms part of a series of lists of people… …   Wikipedia

  • List of Vice-Chancellors of the University of Oxford — The following people have been Vice Chancellors of the University of Oxford:* 2009 ndash; Andrew D. Hamilton * 2004 ndash; Dr John Hood * 1997 ndash; Sir Colin Lucas * 1993 ndash; Sir Peter North * 1989 ndash; Professor Sir Richard Southwood *… …   Wikipedia

  • Christopher Potter — For other people of the same name, see Christopher Potter (disambiguation). Christopher Potter (1591–1646) was an English academic and clergyman, Provost of The Queen s College, Oxford, controversialist and prominent supporter of William Laud.… …   Wikipedia

  • Milford on Sea — Coordinates: 50°43′34″N 1°35′20″W / 50.726°N 1.589°W / 50.726; 1.589 …   Wikipedia