Committed step


Committed step

In enzymology, the committed step (also known as the first committed step) is an effectively irreversible enzymatic reaction that occurs at a branch point during the biosynthesis of some molecules.[1][2]

Contents

What it means

Schematic representation of a metabolic branch point. The numbers represent chemical compounds, whereas the letters represent enzymes that catalyze the conversion indicated by the nearby arrow. In this scheme, enzyme c catalyzes the committed step in the biosynthesis of compound 6.

As the name implies, after this step, the molecules are "committed" to the pathway and will ultimately end up in the pathway's final product. The first committed step should not be confused with the rate-determining step, which is the slowest step in a reaction or pathway. However, it is sometimes the case that the first committed step is in fact the rate-determining step as well.[1]

Regulation

Metabolic pathways require tight regulation so that the proper compounds get produced in the proper amounts. Often, the first committed step is regulated by processes such as feedback inhibition and activation. Such regulation ensures that pathway intermediates do not accumulate, a situation that can be wasteful or even harmful to the cell.

Examples of enzymes that catalyze the first committed steps of metabolic pathways

Other uses

The term has also been applied to other processes that involve a series of steps. For example, the binding of egg and sperm can be thought of as the first committed step in metazoan fertilization.[7]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b Bhagavan, N. V (2002). Medical biochemistry. San Diego: Harcourt/Academic Press. ISBN 0-12-095440-0. 
  2. ^ Berg, Jeremy M.; Tymoczko, John L.; Stryer, Lubert (2002). Biochemistry (5th ed.). W. H. Freeman and Company. p. 447. ISBN 0716730510. 
  3. ^ "Phosphofructokinase Regulation". Wiley Essential Biochemistry. http://www.wiley.com/college/pratt/0471393878/student/structure/phosphofructokinase/index.html. Retrieved 17 February 2010. 
  4. ^ Raetz C, Whitfield C (2002). "Lipopolysaccharide endotoxins" (abstract). Annu Rev Biochem 71: 635–700. doi:10.1146/annurev.biochem.71.110601.135414. PMC 2569852. PMID 12045108. http://arjournals.annualreviews.org/doi/abs/10.1146%2Fannurev.biochem.71.110601.135414?cookieSet=1. 
  5. ^ Pinon V, Ravanel S, Douce R, Alban C (2005). "Biotin synthesis in plants. The first committed step of the pathway is catalyzed by a cytosolic 7-keto-8-aminopelargonic acid synthase". Plant Physiology 139 (4): 1666–76. doi:10.1104/pp.105.070144. PMC 1310550. PMID 16299174. http://www.plantphysiol.org/cgi/content/full/139/4/1666. 
  6. ^ Brown ED, Vivas EI, Walsh CT, Kolter R (July 1995). "MurA (MurZ), the enzyme that catalyzes the first committed step in peptidoglycan biosynthesis, is essential in Escherichia coli". J. Bacteriol. 177 (14): 4194–7. PMC 177162. PMID 7608103. http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=177162. 
  7. ^ Dell A, Chalabi S, Easton RL, et al. (December 2003). "Murine and human zona pellucida 3 derived from mouse eggs express identical O-glycans". Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 100 (26): 15631–6. doi:10.1073/pnas.2635507100. PMC 307619. PMID 14673092. http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=307619. 

External links


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