- List of United States courts of appeals cases
Every year, each of the eleven United States courts of appeals decides hundreds of cases. Of those, a few are so important that they later become models for decisions of other circuits, and of the United States Supreme Court, while others are noted for being dramatically rejected by the Supreme Court on appeal. Still others are notable for being written with such a clear and concise explanation of the states of the law that they are used by multiple law school casebooks to teach the area of law addressed. The notable decisions of these courts are listed in chronological order by circuit.
- Sampson v. Channell, 110 F.2d 754 (1st Cir. 1940): application of Erie doctrine to choice of law questions
- Nichols v. Universal Pictures Corporation, 45 F.2d 119 (2d Cir. 1930): copyright infringement of stock characters
- United States v. One Package of Japanese Pessaries, 86 F.2d 737 (2nd Cir. 1936): importation of birth control supplies
- United States v. Carroll Towing Co. 159 F.2d 169 (2d. Cir. 1947): calculus of negligence
- National Comics Publications v. Fawcett Publications, 191 F.2d 594 (2d Cir. 1951), clarified 198 F.2d 927 (2d Cir. 1952)
- Walkovsky v. Carlton, 276 2d 585 (2d Cir. 1966): lifting the corporate veil
- Engblom v. Carey, 677 F.2d 957 (2d Cir. 1982): Third Amendment prohibited striking prison guards to be evicted from state-supplied housing in favor of national guardsmen
- Corfield v. Coryell, (6 Fed. Cas. 546, no. 3,230 C.C.E.D.Pa. 1823): Privileges & Immunities
- Piscataway School Board v. Taxman, 91 F.3d 1547 (3d Cir. 1996): affirmative action in public hiring
- United States v. Morlang, 531 F.2d 183 (4th Cir. 1975): standard for abuse of FRE 607
- Dettmer v. Landon, 799 F.2d 929 (4th Cir. 1986): Wicca reviewed as a religion; no First Amendment violation to deny a Wiccan access to unusual materials
- Zeran v. America Online, Inc., 129 F.3d 327 (4th Cir. 1997), cert. denied, 524 U.S. 937 (1998): liability for website hosts under the Communications Decency Act
- Dixon v. Alabama 294 F. 2d 150 (5th Cir. 1961): tax-funded college cannot expel students without due process.
- McCorvey v. Hill, 385 F.3d 846 (5th Cir. 2004): original party to the decision in Roe v. Wade lacked standing to have the case re-opened after 30 years.
- Addyston Pipe and Steel Company v. United States, 85 F. 271 (6th Cir. 1898): rule of reason in antitrust cases
- ACLU v. NSA, 493 F.3d 644 (6th Cir. 2007)
- American Booksellers v. Hudnut, 771 F.2d 323 (7th Cir. 1985): challenged the constitutionality of the Antipornography Civil Rights Ordinance
- US v. Harris, 942 F.2d 1125 (7th Cir. 1991): a gift to a long-term mistress did not constitute taxable income
- ProCD, Inc. v. Zeidenberg, 86 F.3d 1447 (7th Cir. 1996): validity of shrink wrap contracts
- In re Aimster Copyright Litigation, 334 F.3d 643 (7th Cir. 2003): vicarious liability for copyright infringement
- Muth v. Frank, 412 F.3d 808 (7th Cir. 2005): U.S. Supreme Court's decision in Lawrence v. Texas, 539 U.S. 558 (2003), striking down anti-homosexual sodomy laws as unconstitutional did not bar laws against consensual adult incest
- Frosty Treats, Inc. v. Sony Computer Entertainment America, Inc., 426 F.3d 1001 (8th Cir. 2005): trademark and trade dress
- USA v. $124,700 (8th Cir. 2006)
- Apple Computer, Inc. v. Microsoft Corp., 35 F.3d 1435 (9th Cir. 1994): copyright infringement with respect to the layout of a computer desktop
- A & M Records, Inc. v. Napster, Inc., 239 F.3d 1004 (9th Cir. 2001): vicarious liability for copyright infringement
- Carafano v. Metrosplash.com, Inc., 339 F.3d 1119 (9th Cir. 2003): liability of internet forum providers
- Grosso v. Miramax, 383 F.3d 965 (9th Cir. 2004): preemption of state law claims by the copyright act
- Arizona Cartridge Remanufacturers Association Inc. v. Lexmark International Inc., 421 F.3d 981 (9th Cir. 2005): validity of certain end user license agreements
- Smith v. Board of School Commissioners of Mobile County, 827 F.2d 684 (11th Cir. 1987): teaching of ideas associated with secular humanism does not constitute endorsement of a religion
- Suntrust v. Houghton Mifflin Co., 252 F. 3d 1165 (11th Cir. 2001): parody as a fair use defense to copyright infringement
- United States v. Fenwick, 25 F. Cas. 1062; 4 Cranch C.C. 675 (1836): Right to make legal argument to jury.
- Stettinius v. United States, 22 F. Cas. 1322; 5 Cranch C.C. 573 (1839): Right to make legal argument to jury.
- Frye v. United States, 293 F. 1013 (1923): Established that the admissibility of expert testimony must be based on scientific methods that are sufficiently established and accepted.
- Edwards v. Habib, 397 F.2d 687 (1968): Established the tenant's defense of retaliatory eviction.
- Javins v. First National Realty Corp., 428 F.2d 1071 (1970): Established warranty of habitability.
- Pro-Football, Inc. v. Harjo, 415 F.3d 44 (2005): Applicability of laches defense to disparagement claims.
- Colorado River Indian Tribes v. National Indian Gaming Commission, 05-5402 (2006): National Indian Gaming Commission doesn't have oversight jurisdiction in regulating Class II or Class III games in Class III Indian casinos.
Federal Circuit (and its predecessor courts)
- Jazz Photo Corp. v. United States International Trade Commission, 264 F. 3d 1094 (Fed. Cir. 2001), repair and reconstruction of patented items
Court of Claims
- Williams & Wilkins Co. v. United States, 487 F.2d 1345 (Ct. Cl. 1973), per curium aff'd by an equally divided court, 420 U.S. 376 (1975): liability for copyright infringement for photocopying of journal articles
- List of sources of law in the United States
- List of United States Supreme Court cases
- List of notable United States state supreme court cases
United States courts of appeals
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