Combustion Integrated Rack


Combustion Integrated Rack
The training unit with the rack doors open in Payload Development Laboratory II at Johnson Space Center, Houston, Texas.

The Combustion Integrated Rack (CIR) includes an optics bench, combustion chamber, fuel and oxidizer control, and five different cameras for performing combustion experiments in microgravity.

The Fluids and Combustion Facility (FCF) accommodates the unique challenges of working with fluids and combustion processes in microgravity and provides services and capabilities comparable to those found in traditional Earth-based laboratories. The FCF occupies two powered racks on the International Space Station (ISS): the Combustion Integrated Rack (CIR) and the Fluids Integrated Rack (FIR). The FCF is a permanent modular, multi-user facility that accommodates microgravity science experiments on-board the ISS. The FCF supports sustained, systematic research in the disciplines of fluid physics and combustion science.

The CIR is used to perform combustion experiments in microgravity. The CIR can be reconfigured easily on orbit to accommodate a variety of combustion experiments. It consists of an optics bench, a combustion chamber, a fuel and oxidizer management system, environmental management systems, and interfaces for science diagnostics and experiment specific equipment. For diagnostic purposes, five different cameras are available for use by the investigator. The CIR features a 100-litre combustion chamber surrounded by optical equipment and diagnostic packages, including a gas chromatograph. Experiments are conducted by remote control from the Glenn Research Center (GRC) Telescience Support Center (TSC).

The CIR has been designed for use with the Passive Rack Isolation System (PaRIS), which connects the rack to the ISS structure using eight spring-damper isolators and a special set of umbilicals. Modelling and analysis show that the PaRIS can attenuate much of the U.S. Laboratory's vibration and provide a much quieter environment than a simple hard-mounted rack. The CIR is the only combustion research facility on-board the ISS. [1]

Contents

Facility Operations

The Combustion Integrated Rack (CIR) chamber can operate at low (0.02 atm) or high (up to 3 atm) atmospheric pressures. Tools are not required to open the chamber or change or service the eight windows on the chamber. Gases are delivered through the bottles on the front of the rack. The exhaust package features a filter that can recycle the gas used or convert it to an expellable gas. The CIR can be used to explore droplet, solid fuel, and gaseous fuel combustion. [1]

See also

  • Scientific research on the ISS

Gallery

References

  1. ^ a b http://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/station/science/experiments/CIR.html Combustion Integrated Rack (CIR) - ISS Facility - NASA

 This article incorporates public domain material from the NASA document "Combustion Integrated Rack (CIR)".

External links


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Station spatiale internationale — Pour les articles homonymes, voir ISS. Station spatiale internationale Assemblage …   Wikipédia en Français

  • CIR — Die Abkürzung CIR steht für: Channel Impulse Response, Impulsantwort des Kanals in der Nachrichtentechnik Committed Information Rate, garantierte Übertragungsgeschwindigkeit eines Telekommunikationssystems Christliche Initiative Romero, Verein… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Cir — Die Abkürzung CIR steht für: Channel Impulse Response, Impulsantwort des Kanals in der Nachrichtentechnik Committed Information Rate, garantierte Übertragungsgeschwindigkeit eines Telekommunikationssystems Christliche Initiative Romero, Verein… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Liste der ISS-Abkürzungen — Dies ist die Liste der für die Internationale Raumstation (ISS) verwendeten Abkürzungen[1] [2]. Russische Abkürzung Russische Definition Englische Abkürzung Englische Definition Kurzbeschreibung ADF Avian Development Facility АПСС Андрогинная… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • CIR — may refer to: Caledonian Road Barnsbury railway station, the standard code for this railway station Carbon Isotope Ratio analysis, a subset of isotope ratio mass spectrometry Carrier to interference ratio or Signal:Interference ratio, a term used …   Wikipedia

  • CIR — 1. Cargo Integration Review Contributor: GSFC 2. Coherent Imaging Radar Contributor: CASI 3. Combustion Integrated Rack Contributor: MSFC 4. Controlled Impact Reentry (Package) Contributor: CASI …   NASA Acronyms

  • Steam engine — A steam engine is a heat engine that performs mechanical work using steam as its working fluid. [ [http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/564472/steam engine steam engine Britannica Online Encyclopedia ] ] Steam engines have a long history,… …   Wikipedia

  • STS-83 — Infobox Space mission mission name = STS 83 insignia = Sts 83 patch.png shuttle = Columbia launch pad = 39 A launch = April 4, 1997, 2:20:32.074 p.m. EST landing = April 8, 1997, 2:33 p.m. EDT, KSC, Runway 15 duration = 3 days, 23 hours, 13… …   Wikipedia

  • STS-94 — Infobox Space mission mission name = STS 94 insignia = Sts 94 patch.png shuttle = Columbia launch pad = 39 A launch = July 1, 1997, 2:02:02 p.m. EDT landing = July 17, 1997, 6:47:29 a.m. EDT, KSC, Runway 33 duration = 15 days, 16 hours, 45… …   Wikipedia

  • Water heating — is a thermodynamic process using an energy source to heat water above its initial temperature. Typical domestic uses of hot water are for cooking, cleaning, bathing, and space heating. In industry, both hot water and water heated to steam have… …   Wikipedia


We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.