- Combined Joint Task Force
Combined Joint Task Force - Horn of Africa Active October 19, 2002–present Country United States Allegiance United States Branch Multiservice (joint) formation Role Military operations and civil and military Capacity building Size Task force Part of United States Africa Command Garrison/HQ Camp Lemonnier, Djibouti Commanders Current
Rear Admiral Michael T. Franken
Combined Joint Task Force – Horn of Africa (CJTF-HOA) is a joint task force of United States Africa Command (AFRICOM). It originated under Operation Enduring Freedom-Horn of Africa as part of the United States response to the September 11, 2001 attacks. The mission of CJTF-HOA is to conduct operations in the Combined Joint Operations Area to enhance partner nation capacity, promote regional security and stability, dissuade conflict, and protect U.S. and Coalition interests. Currently, CJTF-HOA has been assigned a Combined Joint Operating Area (CJOA) that consists of Djibouti, Ethiopia, Eritrea, Kenya, Seychelles, Somalia, and Sudan. In addition, the task force has an assigned Area of Interest (AOI) that consists of Burundi, Chad, Comoros, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Madagascar, Mauritius, Mozambique, Rwanda, Tanzania, Uganda, and Yemen.
CJTF-HOA operations are encompassed by what the U.S. military has termed the ‘indirect approach’ with a focus on military-to-military engagements, civil-military operations, key leader engagements, and providing enabling support to partner nations. They provide short-term assistance by drilling wells for clean water, building functional schools, improving roadways and improving medical facilities. Long-term goals include working with partner nations to improve national and regional stability and security. Regional stability is increased through capacity-building operations such as civil affairs and military-to-military training; engineering and humanitarian support; medical, dental, and veterinarian civic action programs (MEDCAP, DENTCAP, VETCAP); and security training for border and coastal areas. About 1,800 personnel from each branch of the U.S. military, civilian employees, and representatives from Coalition and Partner nations make up CJTF-HOA.
The CJTF-HOA command vision is to use a comprehensive, whole-of-government approach (which includes coordination and input from the U.S. State Department and USAID) in order to increase trust and confidence among the people of East Africa in their own governments and institutions. That strategy is designed to empower partner nations to create and maintain a stable, secure environment where education and prosperity can take hold and where violent extremist ideology is rejected.
- February 14, 2007 to February 3, 2008 -- United States Navy Rear Admiral James M. Hart
- February 8, 2008, to February 5, 2009, -- United States Navy Rear Admiral Philip H. Greene, Jr.
- March 27, 2010, to May 19, 2011 -- United States Navy Rear Admiral Brian L. Losey
- May 11, 2011, to present -- United States Navy Rear Admiral Michael T. Franken
CJTF-HOA was established at Camp Lejeune, North Carolina on October 19, 2002. In November 2002, personnel embarked on a 28-day transit to the region aboard USS Mount Whitney (LCC-20), and arrived in the Horn of Africa on December 8, 2002. CJTF-HOA operated from the Mount Whitney until May 13, 2003, when the mission transitioned ashore to Camp Lemonnier in Djibouti City, Djibouti. Since then, CJTF-HOA personnel have built numerous schools, clinics and hospitals; conducted dozens of MEDCAPs, DENTCAPs and VETCAPs; drilled and refurbished more than 113 water wells; and trained in collaboration with most partner nation militaries.
In January 2004, Brigadier General Mastin Robison of the United States Marine Corps, then commanding the Task Force, had support, medical, and admin staff from the Marines, Navy, Army, and Air Force, a Marine helicopter detachment of four CH-53 Super Stallions, a U.S. Army infantry company, a U.S. Army Reserve civil affairs company, Navy cargo planes, military engineers, and a special operations unit under his command.
Additionally, members of the Task Force have assisted with at least 11 humanitarian assistance missions, including recovery efforts after the collapse of a four-story building in Kenya in 2006, the capsizing of a passenger ferry in Djibouti in 2006, and floods in Ethiopia and Kenya in 2006. Task Force personnel assisted the Government of Uganda in locating and recovering the wreckage of a Russian-built IL-76 transport plane that crashed into Lake Victoria in early 2009.
Transfer to USAFRICOM
On October 1, 2008, responsibility for the task force was transferred from the United States Central Command to the United States Africa Command as it assumed authority over the African Theater of Operations.
- ^ a b "Africans Fear Hidden U.S. Agenda in New Approach to Africom". Associated Press. 2008-09-30. http://www.foxnews.com/story/0,2933,430564,00.html. Retrieved 2008-09-30.
- ^ "Guelleh Visits CJTF-HOA Commander". Somaliland Times. 2003-05-07. http://www.somalilandtimes.net/2003/68/6817.shtml. Retrieved 2007-02-07.
- ^ "United States Marine Corp Biography: Major General Timothy F. Ghormley". United States Marine Corps. 2007-11-14. http://www.usmc.mil/genbios2.nsf/0/9A5FFE5E9C3391A98525680800436D6D?opendocument. Retrieved 2007-11-14. [dead link]
- ^ "United States Navy Biography: Rear Admiral Richard W. Hunt". United States Navy. 2006-06-28. http://www.navy.mil/navydata/bios/navybio.asp?bioID=150. Retrieved 2007-02-06.
- ^ a b "United States Navy Biography: Rear Admiral James M. Hart". United States Navy. 2007-02-21. http://www.navy.mil/navydata/bios/navybio.asp?bioID=137. Retrieved 2007-03-28.
- ^ "United States Navy Biography: Rear Admiral Anthony M. Kurta". United States Navy. 2009-02-03. http://www.navy.mil/navydata/bios/navybio.asp?bioID=405. Retrieved 2009-02-03.
- ^ "CJTF-HOA Under New Command". CJTF-HOA Public Affairs Office. 2009-02-05. http://www.hoa.africom.mil/getArticle.asp?art=2546. Retrieved 2010-05-17.
- ^ Chris Tomlinson, 'U.S. wages quiet battle in Africa,' Associated Press, in The Washington Times, January 15, 2004
Point of Contact: CJTF-HOA Public Affairs Office, PSC 831, FPO AE 09363; DSN (318) 824-2342; Commercial (+253) 359-523 E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Combined Joint Task Force 82 — Combined Joint Task Force – 82 (CJTF 82) is a US led subordinate formation of the International Security Assistance Force (ISAF). It originally served as both the National Command Element for U.S. forces in Afghanistan, reporting directly to the… … Wikipedia
Combined Joint Task Force 7 — was the interim military formation that directed the U.S. effort in Iraq between June 2003 and May 2004. It replaced the Coalition Forces Land Component Command on 14 June 2003. CFLCC was the land forces component of United States Central Command … Wikipedia
Combined Joint Task Force — (CJTF) ist die ursprünglich rein US amerikanische Bezeichnung für multinationale Kräfte, die teilstreitkraftübergreifend für festumrissene oder auch zeitlich begrenzte Aufgaben zusammengestellt werden. So setzten die USA bei der Invasion von… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Combined Joint Task Force - Horn of Africa — Infobox Military Unit unit name=Combined Joint Task Force Horn of Africa caption= dates=October 19, 2002–present country= United States allegiance= United States branch=Combined command type= role= Capacity building Helping Africans Help… … Wikipedia
Joint Task Force Bravo — Infobox Military Unit unit name=Joint Task Force Bravo caption= dates= 1983 present country=United States allegiance= branch=Joint type= role= size= command structure=US Southern Command current commander= Colonel… … Wikipedia
Task-Force (Militär) — Task Force (TF; engl. Task Force) oder Einsatzgruppe ist eine ursprünglich militärische Bezeichnung für einen temporären Zusammenschluss von verschiedenen Einheiten der US Navy und stammt aus der Zeit des Zweiten Weltkrieg. Eine Einsatzgruppe… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Task force — Force opérationnelle Une force opérationnelle, appelée task force en anglais, est une forme d organisation temporaire créée pour exécuter une tâche ou activité donnée. Initialement créée dans la marine de guerre des États Unis, le concept a fait… … Wikipédia en Français
Task force — For the computer game, see Joint Task Force (computer game). A task force (TF) is a temporary unit or formation established to work on a single defined task or activity. Originally introduced by the United States Navy, the term has now caught on… … Wikipedia
Combined Task Force 150 — Ships assigned to Combined Task Force One Five Zero (CTF 150) assemble in a formation in the Gulf of Oman, 6 May 2004 Combined Task Force 150 (CTF 150) is a multinational coalition naval task force working under the 25 nation coalition of… … Wikipedia
Task Force 121 — is a classic example of the United States Joint Task Force concept of conducting special operations. It is organized in a manner similar to Task Force Ranger, which was used during the Battle of Mogadishu in 1993 Delta Force personnel or other… … Wikipedia