- Combat 84
Combat 84 Also known as The 7th Cavalry Origin Chelsea, London, England Genres Oi!, Punk rock Years active 1981 - 1984
Labels Victory Records
7th Cavalry Records
Past members 'Chubby' Chris Henderson
Combat 84 were an English Oi! band active during the early 1980s. Formed in 1981 in Chelsea, London by skinheads 'Chubby' Chris Henderson and 'Deptford' John Armitage, Combat 84 rose to national prominence after being featured in a controversial 1982 BBC Arena documentary about the skinhead movement.
The band was originally composed of Chris Henderson (vocals), 'Deptford' John Armitage (bass guitar), Jim (guitar) and Brownie (drums) and played their first gig supporting The Last Resort at the Walmer Castle, Peckham. The Last Resort's lead singer, Roi Pearce (later of The 4-Skins) liked the band and agreed to produce a two-song demo tape with them. These sessions resulted in the songs "Soldier" and "Combat 84", which were favourably received in the music press, leading to the band being described as 'the new Sham 69'.
In 1982, the manager of The 4-Skins, Gary Hitchcock attempted to get the band signed to Secret Records, then home to The 4-Skins, The Business, Infa Riot and The Exploited, although the deal fell through at the last minute, prompting Combat 84 to sign to Victory Records for the release of their Orders of the Day EP. Former Business drummer John Fisher replaced Brownie for the recording of the second (1983) EP, Rapist.
More right-leaning, lyrically than many of their punk rock and Oi! peers, Combat 84 received much criticism for recording a song that advocated capital punishment for rapists ("Rapist"), and a song that supported nuclear weapons and criticized the Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament (CND) and reds ("Right to Choose"). Guitarist Jim stated in a 2000 interview that the latter song was intended in a tongue-in-cheek manner, and as a homage to Vietnam War movies. Other lyrical themes included unemployment, inner-city violence, war, and slavish followers of fashion.
Controversy erupted around the band after they were featured in a 1982 BBC Arena documentary, during which Henderson made racist comments. His views were not shared by the other band members; in the same documentary, 'Deptford' John commented on the similarity in living situation between black and white working-class youths in early 1980s Britain. Footage of crowd violence at a gig was also broadcast in the documentary. This led to the breakup of the band, as their newly-earned bad reputation discouraged venues from booking the band. Gigs were then often played under the pseudonym The 7th Cavalry to avoid the stigma of the Combat 84 name.
Victory Records, wanting little to do with the band at this point, compiled an album of studio recordings (intended for the band's debut album) and bootleg-quality live tracks and licensed it to German label Rock-O-Rama Records for release as Send in the Marines in 1984. The record was disowned by the band, which split up soon after.
In the intervening years, Combat 84 were frequently labelled as a neo-Nazi, white power or Rock Against Communism (RAC) band, a charge which has been denied by 'Deptford' John and Jim, noting that the band's songs contained no racist lyrics, nor were they ever aligned with any far-right political party, although 'Deptford' John noted in a 2001 interview with the "Pissed and Proud" fanzine that he believes in free speech and whilst not supporting it, that RAC music should be allowed a platform - as "people should be allowed to say what they want".
Aftermath and reunion
'Deptford' John and Jim went on to roadie for and play with the U.K. Subs and The Exploited, and John Fisher played with former members of The Last Resort in The Warriors. After retiring from the music business, Chris Henderson became more involved with football hooliganism, and eventually led the Chelsea Headhunters in the mid-to-late 1980s, writing the book Who Wants it? about his experiences with Colin Ward. He now owns a bar in Thailand. In 2000, the band reformed without Henderson for the release of the Tooled Up EP, released on their own 7th Cavalry record label. 'Deptford' John took over vocal duties, with Jim on guitar, and 'F.T.' and 'Suds' on bass and drums respectively.
- Send in the Marines (1984)
- Charge of the 7th Cavalry (1989) (posthumous live album, released on Step-1 Records)
- Orders of the Day (2000) (posthumous collection containing all studio recordings, released on Step-1 Records)
- Orders of the Day (1982)
- Rapist (1983)
- Tooled Up (2000)
- ^ a b c d e f "www.punkoiuk.co.uk : Combat 84 Interview". Punk & Oi! in the UK. 02/10/2000. http://www.punkoiuk.co.uk/interviews/combat84.htm. Retrieved 2009-02-10.
- ^ a b c "Orders of the Day" liner notes. Step-1 Records. 1999.
- ^ a b "S.C.A.B. Interview: Combat 84". http://www.bandworm.de/redunion/scab/c84.htm. Retrieved 2009-02-11. [dead link]
- ^ "COMBAT 84". Pissed and Proud. 2001. http://hem.passagen.se/pissedandproud/combat84.htm. Retrieved 2009-02-11.
- ^ Lowles, Nick (December 1999). "macintyre.com - Headhunters unmasked". Searchlight Magazine. http://macintyre.com/content/view/62/105/. Retrieved 2009-02-11. [dead link]
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
combat — [ kɔ̃ba ] n. m. • 1538; de combattre 1 ♦ Action de deux ou de plusieurs adversaires armés, de deux armées qui se battent. ⇒ bataille. Spécialt Phase d une bataille. ⇒ 1. action, affrontement, choc, engagement, mêlée, 1. rencontre; baroud. Combat… … Encyclopédie Universelle
combat — COMBAT. subs. masc. L action par laquelle on attaque, ou l on se défend. Combat d homme à homme. Combat singulier. Combat d une armée contre une autre armée. Combat douteux. Combat à outrance. Combat opiniâtre. Combat sanglant. Combat sur terre.… … Dictionnaire de l'Académie Française 1798
combat — Combat, m. acut. C est la meslée en bataille, de deux ou plusieurs, Certamen, Decertatio, Dimicatio, Discrimen, Praelium, Pugna, Conflictus, Selon ce on dit, Le combat a esté cruel, furieux, merveilleux entre les deux armées, Acriter admodum… … Thresor de la langue françoyse
combat — Combat. s. m. L action par laquelle on combat contre quelqu un. Combat d homme à homme. combat singulier. combat d une armée contre une autre armée. combat douteux. combat à outrance. combat opiniastré. combat sanglant. combat sur terre. combat… … Dictionnaire de l'Académie française
Combat 18 — Logo derived from the Totenkopf used by the 3rd SS Panzer Division of the Waffen SS. Motto Whatever it takes Formation 1992 Type … Wikipedia
Combat 18 — Lema Cueste lo que cueste Tipo Nacionalismo Blanco, Supremacía blanca Objetivos Formación paramilitar que pretende levantar un gobierno bajo la estructura del nacional socialismo. Combat 18 o C 18 es una organización de tendencia n … Wikipedia Español
Combat 84 — ist eine Band aus der britischen Oi! Szene und stammt aus dem Londoner Stadtteil Chelsea. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Geschichte 2 Politik 3 Diskografie 4 Weblinks … Deutsch Wikipedia
Combat — (französisch Kampf ) steht für: Combat (Résistance), französische Résistance Gruppe Combat (Zeitung), französische Zeitung Combat Spirituel, afrikanische Pfingstkirche Combat 18, Terrororganisation Combat 84, britische Band Siehe auch: Ace Combat … Deutsch Wikipedia
Combat 18 — (или C18) британская праворадикальная террористическая организация, основанная неонацистской организацией «Blood and Honour» после заключения соглашения между Британским национальным фронтом и фанатской группировкой «Chelsea Headhunters» в… … Википедия
Combat — Com bat, n. [Cf. F. combat.] 1. A fight; a contest of violence; a struggle for supremacy. [1913 Webster] My courage try by combat, if thou dar st. Shak. [1913 Webster] The noble combat that twixt joy and sorrow was fought in Paulina. Shak. [1913… … The Collaborative International Dictionary of English