U.S. Navy type commands


U.S. Navy type commands
Current US Navy type command organizational structure (2010)

U.S. Navy type commands perform vital administrative, personnel, and operational training functions for a "type" of weapon system (i.e., naval aviation, submarine warfare, surface warships) within a fleet organization.

Contents

Overview

Aircraft carriers, carrier airwings, aircraft squadrons, and naval air stations are under the administrative control (ADCON) of the appropriate Commander Naval Air Force. Ballistic missile submarines, attack submarines, and submarine tenders come under the administrative control of the appropriate Commander Submarine Force. All other surface warships (i.e., cruisers, destroyers, frigates, littoral combat ships, patrol vessels, mine warfare craft, and amphibious warfare vessels) fall under the administrative control of the appropriate Commander Naval Surface Force. This type command structure is mirrored in U.S. Fleet Forces Command (CFFC) and the U.S. Pacific Fleet (USPACFLT). Normally, the type command controls the ship during its primary and intermediate training cycles, and then the warship moves under the operational control (OPCON) of the respective fleet command once it is ready for deployment.[1]

The two previous submarine type commands supervised Submarine Groups (SubGru(s)), Submarine Squadrons, and other units. The Commander of a Submarine Group is known, in official Navy communications, as COMSUBGRU (followed by a number), such as COMSUBGRU ONE.

Current type command structure

U.S. Fleet Forces Command

U.S. Pacific Fleet

Disestablished type commands

U.S. Atlantic Fleet

U.S. Pacific Fleet

  • Amphibious Force, Pacific Fleet - PhibPac was amalgamated into the new command Commander, Naval Surface Forces Pacific, probably in the mid 1970s.
  • Destroyer Force Pacific Fleet (ComDesPac)
  • Minesweeping Force Pacific Fleet (ComMinPac). The Commander, Minecraft, Pacific Fleet was responsible for all U.S. Navy minesweepers and other minecraft in the Pacific Fleet. Minesweep forces under the command of ComMinPac were known as MinPac or MINPAC. It appears that ComMinPac was merged into Commander, Naval Surface Forces Pacific in the early 1970s.
  • Service Force Pacific Fleet (ComServPac) - also merged into Commander, Naval Surface Forces Pacific in the 1970s.

Lead-Follow

Effective 1 October 2001, the U.S. Navy developed a "Lead-Follow" arrangement among its type commands wherein one type commander is designated the senior lead for the specific "type" of weapon system (i.e., naval aviation, submarine warfare, surface warships) throughout the entire operating U.S. Fleet as it peratins to modernization needs, training initiatives, and operational concept development. These fleet TYCOM commanders will provide guidance to their respective "type" forces via the existing lead-follow TYCOM arrangement.[2]

Commander, Naval Air Forces

The Commander, U.S. Naval Air Forces, Pacific Fleet (COMNAVAIRPAC) is designated as the Commander, Naval Air Forces (COMNAVAIRFOR) for the U.S. Fleet Forces Command, with the Commander, U.S. Naval Air Forces, Atlantic Fleet (COMNAVAIRLANT) as his deputy. COMNAVAIRFOR is responsible for modernization needs, training initiatives, and operational concept development for the naval aviation community throughout the U.S. Navy's operational fleet.[2][3][4]

Commander, Naval Submarine Forces

Commander, Submarine Force, US Atlantic Fleet (COMSUBLANT) was designated as the Commander, Naval Submarine Forces (COMNAVSUBFOR) for the U.S. Fleet Forces Command, with the Commander, U.S. Submarine Forces, Pacific Fleet (COMSUBPAC) as his deputy. COMNAVSUBFOR is responsible for modernization needs, training initiatives, and operational concept development for submarine warfare community throughout the U.S. Navy's operational fleet.[2][5]

Commander, Naval Surface Forces

The Commander, Naval Surface Force, U.S. Pacific Fleet (COMNAVSURFPAC) was designated as the Commander, Naval Surface Forces (COMNAVSURFOR) for the U.S. Fleet Forces Command, with the Commander, Naval Surface Force, U.S. Atlantic Fleet (COMNAVSURFLANT), serving as his deputy. COMNAVSURFOR is responsible for modernization needs, training initiatives, and operational concept development for the surface warfare community throughout the U.S. Navy's operational fleet.[2][6]

Notes

  1. ^ "The Type Commands". U.S. Navy. 2009. http://www.navy.mil/navydata/organization/tycoms.asp. Retrieved 2010-03-28. 
  2. ^ a b c d Lt. Brauna Carl, Navy Office of Information (8/22/2001 3:03:00 AM). "CNO Announces Plans to Align the Fleet". NNS020724-59. U.S. Navy. http://www.navy.mil/search/display.asp?story_id=2833. Retrieved 2010-06-29. 
  3. ^ "COMNAVAIRPAC History". Commander, Naval Air Forces. U.S. Navy. 2010. http://www.public.navy.mil/airfor/Pages/COMNAVAIRLANTHistory.aspx. Retrieved 2010-06-21. 
  4. ^ "Commander Naval Air Forces (COMNAVAIRFOR / CNAF)". Military-US Military Agencies-U.S. Navy. Globalsecurity.org. 2010. http://www.globalsecurity.org/military/agency/navy/comnavairpac.htm. Retrieved 2010-06-21. 
  5. ^ "Commander, Submarine Force, US Atlantic Fleet (COMSUBLANT)". Military-US Military Agencies-U.S. Navy. Globalsecurity.org. 2010. http://www.globalsecurity.org/military/agency/navy/comsublant.htm. Retrieved 2010-06-21. 
  6. ^ "Commander, Naval Submarine Forces (COMNAVSUBFOR)". Military-US Military Agencies-U.S. Navy. Globalsecurity.org. 2010. http://www.globalsecurity.org/military/agency/navy/comnavsurfpac.htm. Retrieved 2010-06-21. 

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