- Collegio Teutonico
The Collegio Teutonico or German College is a Roman College (also referred to as a Pontifical College in Rome) established and maintained at the Vatican for the education of future ecclesiastics of the Roman Catholic Church of German nationality.
The German College is divided into two separate colleges.
Pontificio Collegio Teutonico di S. Maria dell’ Anima
The Pontificio Collegio Teutonico di S. Maria dell’ Anima was created in 1399 when Theodoric of Niem founded a hospice for German pilgrims. A confraternity in aid of the suffering souls in purgatory was soon after formed, and in 1499 the first stone of the beautiful church was laid, near the Church of S. Maria della Pace. In 1859 this pia opera was reorganized; a college of chaplains to officiate in the church was established; the chaplains were to remain only two or at the most three years, and at the same time were to continue their studies. They devote themselves chiefly to canon law with a view to employing their knowledge in the service of their respective dioceses; and they receive living and tuition gratis. Other priests also are admitted who come to Rome at their own expense for the purpose of study. At present there are 8 chaplains and about 10 other priests residing there. The college continues to assist poor Germans who come to Rome, either to visit the holy places or in search of occupation.
Collegio Teutonico del Campo Santo
The Collegio Teutonico del Campo Santo was established by christian archeologist Anton de Waal in 1876 to receive priests belonging to the German Empire or German provinces of Austria, who remained there for two or, at the most, three years pursuing their studies and officiating in the Church of Santa Maria della Pietà in Camposanto dei Teutonici near St. Peter's. The revenues of the Campo Santo and the chaplaincies that have been founded devote themselves to the study of Christian archeology or Church history; they publish a quarterly review, the "Römische Quartalschrift fur christliche Archäologie und Kirchengeschichte". The site of the Campo Santo dei Tedeschi goes back to the days of Charlemagne and was then called the Schola Francorum. In the course of time the German residents in Rome were buried in the church of the Schola, then called S. Salvatore in Turri. In 1454 a confraternity was established, and in addition the guilds of German bakers and cobblers had their quarters there. In 1876, owing to the altered conditions of modern times (see: Kulturkampf), the institute was put to its present purpose .
The collegio is located in Vatican City and is one of the properties which form part of the territory of Vatican City but which are located outside the confines of original Vatican boundaries.
Bishop Alois Hudal was rector of the Pontificio Istituto Teutonico Santa Maria dell'Anima . After the end of the war in Italy, Hudal became active in ministering to German-speaking prisoners of war and internees then held in camps throughout Italy. In December 1944 the Vatican Secretariat of State received permission to appoint a representative to "visit the German-speaking civil internees in Italy", a job assigned to Hudal.
Associated individuals of note
- Alois Hudal
- Franz Joseph Dölger
- Prince Georg of Bavaria - is buried there.
- Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz - is buried there.
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Collegio Teutonico di Santa Maria dell’Anima — Das Collegio Teutonico di Santa Maria dell’Anima, kurz Anima genannt, ist ein Priesterkolleg und Pilgerhospiz in Rom. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Geschichte 2 Päpstliches Priesterkolleg Santa Maria dell’Anima 2.1 Rektoren … Deutsch Wikipedia
Collegio Teutonico di Santa Maria dell'Anima — Das Collegio Teutonico di Santa Maria dell’Anima, kurz Anima genannt, ist ein katholisches Priesterkolleg und Pilgerhospiz in Rom. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Geschichte 2 Päpstliches Priesterkolleg Santa Maria dell’Anima 2.1 Rektoren 3 Literatur … Deutsch Wikipedia
TEUTONICO LEOPOLDINA Societas Historiae Univers — Germaniae, paulo ante novissimum hoc bellum, quô Imperium Germanico Roman. imo praeter illud magna Europae pars, concutitur, felicibus auspiciis inchoata, Praeside Iobô Ludolfô Syndicô, N. Paulinô Medicô et Historicô Isenacensi, Sub Syndicis per… … Hofmann J. Lexicon universale
Campo Santo Teutonico — Der Campo Santo Teutonico von der Peterskuppel aus gesehen … Deutsch Wikipedia
Camposanto Teutonico — Der Campo Santo Teutonico von der Peterskuppel aus gesehen Der Friedhof Campo Santo Teutonico (oder Camposanto Teutonico, offiziell Campo Santo dei Teutonici e dei Fiamminghi) heißen der „de … Deutsch Wikipedia
Roman Colleges — Part of a series on the Catholic Church Organisation Pope – Pope Benedict XVI College of Cardinals – Holy See Ec … Wikipedia
Franz Maria von Sales Doppelbauer — Gedenktafel an der Pfarrkirche von Waizenkirchen Franz von Sales Maria Doppelbauer (* 21. Jänner 1845 in Waizenkirchen, Oberösterreich; † 2. Dezember 1908 in Linz) war römisch katholischer Bischof von Linz … Deutsch Wikipedia
Franz von Sales Maria Doppelbauer — Gedenktafel an der Pfarrkirche von Waizenkirchen Franz von Sales Maria Doppelbauer (* 21. Jänner 1845 in Waizenkirchen, Oberösterreich; † 2. Dezember 1908 in Linz) war römisch katholischer Bischof von Linz … Deutsch Wikipedia
Roman Colleges — • This article treats of the various colleges in Rome which have been founded under ecclesiastical auspices and are under ecclesiastical direction, with the exception of those that are treated separately under their respective titles throughout… … Catholic encyclopedia
Hudal — Alois Hudal (* 31. Mai 1885 in Graz, Steiermark; † 19. Mai 1963 in Rom, Italien) war ein katholischer Theologe, Rektor des deutschen Priesterkollegs Santa Maria dell Anima und Titularbischof von Aela, sowie nach dem Zweiten Weltkrieg Fluchthelfer … Deutsch Wikipedia