- University Philosophical Society
University Philosophical Society Founded 1683 Home Page TCDPhil.com
Council of the University Philosophical Society, 327th Session
President Eoin O'Liatháin Secretary Lorcan Clarke Sch. Treasurer Glen Rogers Registrar Ricky McCormack Debate Convener David Byrne Librarian Seamus Beirne Steward Lydia Rahill School Convenor Sorcha Finlay Vice-President Rosalind Ní Shúilleabháin University Debating Competitions Asian Championship · Australasian Championship · Canadian Championship · European Championship · Irish Times Debate · North American Championship · U.K. Mace Championship · World Championship · World Championship in Spanish Styles American Parliamentary · Australasian · British Parliamentary · Canadian Parliamentary Organizations APDA · CEDA · CUSID · ESU · NDT · NPDA University Societies Ateneo · Brown · Cambridge · UCC Law · UCC Philosoph · Durham · DCU D&L · Glasgow · Harvard · Otago · Ottawa · Oxford · Pitt · Princeton · UQDS · Rutgers · St Andrews · Stuttgart · TCD-Hist · TCD-Phil · UCD-L&H · UCD-LawSoc · Virginia-Jeff · Virginia-Wash · Yale
The University Philosophical Society, commonly known as The Phil, is a student paper-reading and debating society in Trinity College, Dublin, Ireland. It is one of the two debating societies in the university. The Phil claims to trace its history back as far as 1683, and claims to be both the oldest student society and the oldest paper-reading society in the world. This is disputed by the College Historical Society. The society meets every Thursday during term in the Graduates Memorial Building to discuss a paper, debate a motion or hear an address.
- 1 The Society
- 2 History
- 3 The Council
- 4 Debating
- 5 Honorary Patrons
- 6 Controversies
- 7 Notable former presidents and members
- 8 References
- 9 External links
The Phil's rooms are currently situated in the Graduates' Memorial Building (commonly known as the GMB) in Trinity College, which it has shared with the College Historical Society (the Hist) since its construction in 1904. It holds most of its meetings in the GMB's Debating Chamber; meetings with an expected audience above two hundred are held in larger lecture theatres in the college itself.
Like most other Irish collegiate debating societies, the University Philosophical Society is traditionally a paper-reading society, with a meeting consisting of responses to a paper rather than debate on a motion. Unlike those other societies, the Phil still keeps this tradition alive, though it now also organises debates. Each year the writer of the best paper and the best chamber speaker are awarded with medals from the society. In addition to debate, the Phil provides facilities for its members such as games and a conversation room, and organises club nights, sporting events, blood drives, and other social events.
The Dublin Philosophical Society
The Dublin Philosophical Society was founded in 1683 by William Molyneux. It was intended to be the equivalent of the Royal Society in London, with which it maintained cultural ties. Among its most prominent members were William Petty, Archbishop Narcissus Marsh, Archbishop William King and Bishop George Berkeley. Most of its members were graduates of Trinity College, Dublin, and a number of them were Fellows of the College, but it had closer ties with the Royal College of Physicians of Ireland. It existed for three periods: 1683-1687, 1692-1698 and 1707-1708. Although it in itself played a small role in intellectual Dublin life, it inspired the foundation of the Dublin Society founded in 1731, which became the Royal Dublin Society in 1820. Molyneux's brother, Thomas Molyneux, was one of the founding members of the Dublin Society. The Phil harkens back to this older society as its progenitor, attributing its founding date as 1683 and recognizing William Molyneux as its first president.
In 1843, the Dublin Philosophical Society was founded to cater for those Trinity College students too young to join other societies in Dublin. At the time, undergraduates were not allowed to join most College societies. The DPS became the Dublin University Philosophical Society in 1845 when it was recognized by the college. The target audience of undergraduates was deterred by the gradual take-over of the DUPS by graduate members of College. In 1853, the Undergraduate Philosophical Society was founded, with the Provost of the College as its Senior Patron and protector against the rest of College, a role which the Provost retains to this day. In 1860, the Dublin University Philosophical Society dissolved, and the Undergraduate Philosophical Society changed its name to the University Philosophical Society, incorporating both societies. This makes the Phil the oldest paper-reading society in the world, and the largest such society in Ireland.
The society served from its beginning as a popular arena of discussion and a training-ground for future notable Irishmen. Among the notable events held in its early years was the demonstration of an early telephone by Stephen Yeates in 1865. Presidents in the early years included students who would become classicist and Provost of the College John Pentland Mahaffy, poet Edward Dowden and Dracula author Bram Stoker. The Society housed the Bram Stoker archive until the foundation of the Bram Stoker Society in the 1980s.
The Phil suffered with the rest of Trinity College during the First and Second World Wars, though one notable President of the early 1940s was lawyer, Nigerian and Ugandan independence hero and Supreme Court Chief Justice Udo Udoma. The society admitted women in 1968 (after the resignation of the conservative President and Secretary), becoming the first mixed-sex debating society in Trinity College. A merger with the female-only University Elizabethan Society soon followed; this was a spur towards both increased female membership and increased debating in the Phil. As a symbolic gesture, the highest ranking female officer of the Phil is accorded the honorary title of President of the Elizabethan Society. Recent years saw the presidency of Niall Lenihan, son of then-Tánaiste Brian Lenihan, remembered as a defender of the Phil's rights of association and free speech[who?] during the visit of discredited historian David Irving.
Recently, the Phil's meetings have been divided between policy-driven paper readings, showpiece debates and interviews with luminaries like Al Pacino, Desmond Tutu, John McCain and Stephen Fry with the result that the Phil is now a noted source of contributors to the Irish media, whether they be its pool of guests or its organising Council.
The Phil is governed by a Council elected by the members of the society each year. There are eight officers: President, Secretary, Treasurer, Registrar, Debates Convenor, Librarian, Steward, and Schools Convenor. All officers, besides the Schools Convenor, are directly elected. The Schools Convenor is appointed by the newly elected Council each year. In addition to the officers are a number of Members of Council, seven of whom are elected each year. One of these seven is then selected by the Council to serve as Vice President of the society. The newly elected Council can, at its discretion, appoint, or co-opt, up to eight further Members of Council. The Members of Council serve as deputies to the officers and aid in the execution of their responsibilities.
At times, The Phil has had outstanding competitive debating record, especially in the domestic Irish Times and international Observer Mace (later John Smith Memorial Mace) competitions. The society first won the Mace (the premier British and Irish university debating competition) in 1997 when the all-Scottish team of Matthew Magee, Librarian, and Alex Massie, Steward, won the title. A second victory was claimed three years later by Fergal Davis and Robert Cuffe, President. Registrar Kiera Healy & former President Ruth Faller reached the Quarter Finals of the World University Debating championships in UCC in 2009, breaking in 9th position.
The society runs internal debating competitions: the Eamon O'Coine Memorial Maiden Speaker's Competition, for first-time speakers in college, the satirically-titled Margaret Thatcher Memorial Debating Competition (or Maggies), a series of impromptu debates, and the John Pentland Mahaffy Memorial Mace. External competitions include an intervarsity debating competition, the Claire Stewart Trinity IV comprising the Kingsmill-Moore Invitational and the Dean Swift Intervarsity - in association with the College Historical Society, and a secondary schools' public speaking competition, the AIB Phil Speaks.
During its long history, the Society has recorded the presence of many notable guests, the most distinguished of whom are named honorary patrons of the society. Included amongst these are multiple Nobel Prize laureates, both before and after their receipt of the Prize, such as William Butler Yeats, Heads of State and of Government, notable actors and musicians, as well as well-known intellectuals. Guests have also included all Irish Taoisigh since Charles Haughey.
- John Kenneth Galbraith, economist, former US Ambassador to India
- John Hume, former leader of the Social Democratic and Labour Party in Northern Ireland, Nobel Laureate
- Valéry Giscard d'Estaing, former President of France
- David Trimble, former First Minister of Northern Ireland, Nobel Laureate
- Newt Gingrich, former Speaker of the US House of Representatives
- Craig Murray, former British Ambassador to Uzbekistan
- FW De Klerk, former President of South Africa, Nobel Laureate
- Charles Haughey, former Taoiseach of Ireland
- Desmond Tutu, Archbishop, Nobel Laureate
- John McCain, US Senator, 2008 Republican Presidential Candidate
- Mohamed ElBaradei, IAEA Director-General, Nobel Laureate
- Lindsey Graham, US Senator
- Mark Malloch Brown, former United Nations Deputy Secretary-General
- Bob Geldof, organizer of Live Aid and Live 8
- John Bruton, former Taoiseach of Ireland, former EU Ambassador to the United States
- James Zogby, political organizer, member of the DNC
- Albert Reynolds, former Taoiseach of Ireland
- Garret FitzGerald, former Taoiseach of Ireland
- John Ritch, World Nuclear Association Director-General
- Ruth Bader Ginsberg, US Supreme Court Justice
- Bertie Ahern, former Taoiseach of Ireland
- Christopher Dodd, US Senator
- Haley Barbour, Governor of Mississippi, former RNC Chairman
- John Negroponte, former US Deputy Secretary of State
- Peter Sutherland, former Attorney General of Ireland
- George Galloway, British politician, author and broadcaster
- Trent Lott, former US Senator
- François Bourguignon, former Chief Economist of the World Bank
- Tim Collins OBE, former Colonel 1st Battalion, Royal Irish Regiment
- Niall Ferguson, British Historian, Harvard professor
- Joseph Nye, international relations theorist, former Dean of Harvard's Kennedy School of Government
- George Ritzer, sociologist, Professor at the University of Maryland
- Edward Saïd, Palestinian-American literary theorist, former University Professor of English and Comparative Literature at Columbia University
- A.C. Grayling, British philosopher. founder and first Master of New College of the Humanities, London.
Figures from News Media and Journalism
- Germaine Greer, feminist journalist
- Bill O'Reilly, Fox News presenter
- Claudia Rosett, investigative journalist
- Greg Palast, British journalist and author
- John Simpson, BBC News correspondent
- Rush Limbaugh, American conservative news pundit
- William Butler Yeats, poet, Nobel Laureate
- Salman Rushdie, novelist and essayist, Booker Prize Winner
- Seamus Heaney, Irish poet and writer, Nobel Laureate
- John Banville, author, Booker Prize Winner
- John Boyne, Irish novelist
- John Ralston Saul, Canadian author and essayist
- Neil Strauss, author and journalist
Figures from the Performing Arts
- Helen Mirren, actress, Academy Award Winner
- The Edge, guitarist, keyboardist, and main backing vocalist of rock band U2
- Johnny Marr, guitarist of the bands The Smiths and Modest Mouse
- Tom Stoppard, playwright and writer, Academy Award Winner
- Gabriel Byrne, Irish actor, director and producer
- Al Pacino, American actor and director, Academy Award Winner
- Joanna Lumley, British actress and political activist
- Oliver Stone, film director, Academy Award Winner
- Tommy Tiernan, Irish comedian
- Jonathan Rhys Meyers, Irish actor and model
- David Cronenburg, Canadian filmmaker and screenwriter
- Jeffrey Archer, actor, playwright and former politician
- Jon Voight, American actor and political commentator, Academy Award Winner
- Spike Milligan, Irish comedian, writer, poet and playwright
- Naomi Campbell, supermodel
- Jack White, musician, lead vocalist of the White Stripes
- Pete Doherty, singer and songwriter, lead singer of the band The Libertines
- Dolores O'Riordan, lead singer of the band The Cranberries
- John C. McGinley, American actor and author
- Chris Blackwell, music producer
- John C. Reilly, American actor and comedian
- Courtney Love, American singer song writer and actress.
- Sir Christopher Lee, renowned and prolific British actor
- Stephen Fry, British actor, screenwriter, author, playwright, journalist, poet, comedian, television presenter and film director.
- Michael Gambon Irish actor
Business and Technology Leaders
- Tommy Hilfiger, American fashion designer and businessman
- Tim Draper, American venture capitalist
- Jimmy Wales, founder of Wikipedia
- Matt Mullenweg, founder of Wordpress
- Craig Newmark, founder of Craig's List
- Christopher Bailey, chief creative director of Burberry
- Jack Dorsey, founder of Twitter
- JP McManus, entrepreneur
- Niklas Zennstrom, founder of Skype
- Chad Hurley, founder of Youtube
- Olivier Blanchard, chief economist of the IMF
- Alex Ferguson, manager of Manchester United football club
- Eddie Jordan, founder and owner of Jordan Grand Prix
The Phil has been involved in several free speech controversies. Contributors to its debates included Oswald Mosley during his residence in Ireland. In 1988, the Society invited then-Holocaust denier David Irving to speak. A large protest by students, staff, Jewish groups, socialists, and anti-Nazi activists resulted in the meeting being relocated to a hotel conference room and held in the small hours of the morning. The traditional vote of thanks to Mr Irving for his paper was defeated, which is rare in the society's history.
More recently, the invitation to Austrian politician Jörg Haider to address the society in the Graduate Memorial Building (GMB) in late 2002 led to a protest by self-described anti-fascist activists, which continued through the debate, with noise being made outside the chamber and interjections in the society's proceedings within. An invitation to BNP official Tony Wentworth was revoked after threats of physical action by leftist groups.
Another guest to generate controversy was Islamist Anjem Choudary, who hailed the 9/11 terrorists as martyrs. The former Irish Taoiseach John Bruton threatened to withdraw from a Phil debate later that year over this invitation, which was not withdrawn. Mr Bruton is now an Honorary Patron of the Society, and Anjem Choudary has been invited to speak at the Phil's lectern several times.
Notable former presidents and members
- John Pentland Mahaffy, classicist and polymath scholar
- John Butler Yeats, artist and father of William Butler Yeats
- Oscar Wilde, author, playwright and poet
- Bram Stoker, novelist and short story writer
- Samuel Beckett, dramatist and poet, Nobel Laureate
- Ernest Walton, physicist, Nobel Laureate
- Mary Robinson, former President of Ireland
- David Norris, Irish Senator
- Udo Udoma, former Justice of the Nigerian Supreme Court, former Chief Justice of Uganda
- Alex Massie, prominent Scottish journalist
- Ken Early, journalist and broadcaster
- Sarah Carey, journalist and broadcaster
Other notable former council members of recent years include ex-President of the Law Society of Ireland Geraldine Clarke, food critic Tom Doorley, journalists Mary Ellen Synon, Marc Coleman, Paul Gillespie, , and Matthew Magee, and broadcasters Ruth McAvinia, Ger Gilroy and Colm O'Mongáin.
- Trinity Debating Intervarsity
- US Amb Bill Harropp on his visit to the Phil
- Clifford May's syndicated article on his appearance at the Phil
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