Senna occidentalis


Senna occidentalis
Coffee senna
Coffee senna (Senna occidentalis) leaf
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Rosids
Order: Fabales
Family: Fabaceae
Subfamily: Caesalpinioideae
Tribe: Cassieae
Genus: Senna
Species: S. occidentalis
Binomial name
Senna occidentalis
(L.) Link, 1829
Synonyms

Cassia caroliniana, C. ciliata Raf.
C. falcata L.
C. foetida Pers.
C. laevigata sensu auct. non Prain non Willd.
C. macradenia, C. obliquifolia, C. occidentalis, C. occidentalis L. var. arista sensu Hassk.
C. occidentalis L. var. aristata Collad.
C. planisiliqua
C. torosa Cav.
Ditrimexa occidentalis (L.) Britt.& Rose

Senna occidentalis is a pantropical plant species.[1]

Vernacular names include : ʻauʻaukoʻi in Hawaii, coffee senna, coffeeweed, Mogdad coffee, negro-coffee, senna coffee, Stephanie coffee, stinkingweed or styptic weed.

The species was formerly placed in the genus Cassia.

The plant is reported to be poisonous to cattle.[2] The plant contains anthraquinones. The roots contain emodin[3] and the seeds contain chrysarobin (1,8-dihydroxy-3-methyl-9-anthrone) and N-methylmorpholine.[4]

Mogdad coffee seeds can be roasted and used as a substitute for coffee. They have also been used as an adulterant for coffee. There is apparently no caffeine in mogdad coffee.

Despite the claims of being poisonous, the leaves of this plant, Dhiguthiyara in Dhivehi,[5] have been used in the diet of the Maldives for centuries[6] and also as a medicinal plant.[7]

References

  1. ^ "Senna occidentalis (L.) Link". Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department of Agriculture. 2004-01-22. http://www.ars-grin.gov/cgi-bin/npgs/html/taxon.pl?100059. Retrieved 2009-03-28. 
  2. ^ Coffee Senna (Senna occidentalis) poisoning in cattle in Brazil. Barth AT, Kommers GD, Salles MS, Wouters F and de Barros CS, Vet Hum Toxicol. 1994 Dec;36(6):541-5.
  3. ^ Emodin, an antibacterial anthraquinone from the roots of Cassia occidentalis. J.C. Chukwujekwu, P.H. Coombes, D.A. Mulholland and J. van Staden, South African Journal of Botany, Volume 72, Issue 2, May 2006, Pages 295-297, doi:10.1016/j.sajb.2005.08.003
  4. ^ Isolation of N-methylmorpholine from the seeds of Cassia occidentalis (coffee senna). Hyeong L. Kim, Bennie J. Camp, Ronald D. Grigsby, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1971, 19 (1), pp 198–199, doi:10.1021/jf60173a026
  5. ^ Thimaaveshi - Catalogue of Plants
  6. ^ List of food items in 'Maldives Coding System'
  7. ^ Xavier Romero-Frias, The Maldive Islanders, A Study of the Popular Culture of an Ancient Ocean Kingdom. Barcelona 1999, ISBN 84 7254 801 5

External links



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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Senna occidentalis — Senna occidentalis …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Senna occidentalis — Senna occidentalis …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Senna occidentalis — vakarinė velniapupė statusas T sritis vardynas apibrėžtis Cezalpinijinių šeimos daržovinis, dekoratyvinis, vaisinis, vaistinis nuodingas augalas (Senna occidentalis), paplitęs atogrąžose ir paatogrąžiuose. atitikmenys: lot. Senna occidentalis… …   Lithuanian dictionary (lietuvių žodynas)

  • Senna occidentalis — noun very leafy malodorous tropical weedy shrub whose seeds have been used as an adulterant for coffee; sometimes classified in genus Cassia • Syn: ↑coffee senna, ↑mogdad coffee, ↑styptic weed, ↑stinking weed, ↑Cassia occidentalis • Hypernyms:… …   Useful english dictionary

  • Senna occidentalis — ID 77515 Symbol Key SEOC2 Common Name septicweed Family Fabaceae Category Dicot Division Magnoliophyta US Nativity Introduced to U.S. US/NA Plant Yes State Distribution AL, AR, FL, GA, HI, IA, IL, IN, KS, LA, MA, MD, MO, MS, NC, NY, OK, PR, SC,… …   USDA Plant Characteristics

  • Senna occidentalis (L.) Link — Symbol SEOC2 Common Name septicweed Botanical Family Fabaceae …   Scientific plant list

  • Senna occidentalis (L.) Link — Symbol SEOC2 Common Name septicweed Botanical Family Fabaceae …   Scientific plant list

  • Senna (Gattung) — Senna Geflügelte Senna (Senna didymobotrya) Systematik Eurosiden I Ordnung …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Senna (plant) — Senna Senna alexandrina Scientific classification Kingdom: Pla …   Wikipedia

  • Senna (plante) — Senna Senna …   Wikipédia en Français


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