Lychnis flos-cuculi

Lychnis flos-cuculi
Ragged Robin
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Core eudicots
Order: Caryophyllales
Family: Caryophyllaceae
Genus: Lychnis
Species: L. flos-cuculi
Binomial name
Lychnis flos-cuculi
L.

Lychnis flos-cuculi, commonly called Ragged Robin, is a herbaceous perennial plant in the family Caryophyllaceae. It is species is native to Europe, where it is found along roads and in wet meadows and pastures. In Britain it has declined in numbers because of modern farming techniques and draining of wet-lands and is no longer common.

Description

A colony of Ragged Robin in Scotland.

Lychnis flos-cuculi forms a rosette of low growing foliage with numerous flower stems 20 to 90 cm tall. The stems rise above the foliage and branch near the top of the stem and end with the pink flowers which are 3-4 cm across. The flowers have five narrow petals deeply divided into four lobes giving the flower an untidy, ragged appearance, hence its common name. The calyx tube is five-toothed with ten stamens. The leaves are paired, with the lower leaves spoon-shaped and stalked. The middle and upper leaves are linear-lanceolate with pointed apexes. All of the leaves are untoothed. The stems have barbed hairs pointing downward and these hairs make the plant rough to the touch. Ragged Robins bloom from May to August, occasionally later, and butterflies and long-tongued bees feed on the flowers nectar. The fruits consist of small (6-10 mm) capsules opening on top by five teeth and containing many small seeds, they are found on the plants from August onwards.

It has become naturalized in northeastern United States.

Cultivation

Commonly-found garden varieties include:

  • Lychnis flos-cuculi 'Nana' - dwarf form (4 inches) with smaller leaf rosettes and shorter flower stems.
  • Lychnis flos-cuculi 'Alba' - white-flowered form.

External links

Media related to Ragged Robin at Wikimedia Commons


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См. также в других словарях:

  • Lychnis flos-cuculi — Lychnis fleur de coucou Pour les articles homonymes, voir Coucou …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Lychnis flos-cuculi —   Flor de cuclillo Lycnis flos cucul …   Wikipedia Español

  • Lychnis flos-cuculi — Kuckucks Lichtnelke Zeichnung Kuckucks Lichtnelke (Lychnis flos cuculi) Systematik Klasse …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Lychnis Flos-cuculi — Ragged Rag ged (r[a^]g g[e^]d), a. [From {Rag}, n.] 1. Rent or worn into tatters, or till the texture is broken; as, a ragged coat; a ragged sail. [1913 Webster] 2. Broken with rough edges; having jags; uneven; rough; jagged; as, ragged rocks.… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Lychnis Flos-cuculi — Gillyflower Gil ly*flow er, n. [OE. gilofre, gilofer, clove, OF. girofre, girofle, F. girofle: cf. F. girofl[ e]e gillyflower, fr. girofle, Gr. ? clove tree; ? nut + ? leaf, akin to E. foliage. Cf. {Caryophyllus}, {July flower}.] [Written also… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Lychnis Flos-cuculi — Cuckooflower Cuck oo*flow er ( flou ?r), n. (Bot.) A species of {Cardamine} ({Cardamine pratensis}), or lady s smock. Its leaves are used in salads. Also, the ragged robin ({Lychnis Flos cuculi}). [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Lychnis flos-cuculi — ID 50490 Symbol Key LYFL3 Common Name ragged robin Family Caryophyllaceae Category Dicot Division Magnoliophyta US Nativity Introduced to U.S. US/NA Plant Yes State Distribution CT, DC, MA, MD, ME, MT, NH, NJ, NY, OH, PA, RI, VA, VT, WA, WI… …   USDA Plant Characteristics

  • Lychnis flos-cuculi — noun common perennial native to Europe and western Asia having usually pink flowers with ragged petals • Syn: ↑ragged robin, ↑cuckoo flower, ↑Lychins floscuculi • Hypernyms: ↑lychnis, ↑catchfly …   Useful english dictionary

  • Lychnis flos-cuculi L. — Symbol LYFL3 Common Name ragged robin Botanical Family Caryophyllaceae …   Scientific plant list

  • Silene flos-cuculi — Lychnis fleur de coucou Pour les articles homonymes, voir Coucou …   Wikipédia en Français


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