- Coal Act 1938
Coal Act 1938
Parliament of the United Kingdom
Long title An Act to make provision for the acquisition of the property in all unworked coal and mines of coal and in certain associated minerals, and of certain associated property and rights in land, by a Commission with power of management thereover; for amending the enactments relating to facilities for the working of minerals; for empowering the Commission to promote a reduction in the number of coal-mining undertakings; for continuing Part I of the Coal Mines Act 1930, and for amending the provisions thereof with respect to committees of investigation; for enabling land to be acquired compulsorily for the purposes of the miners welfare committee; and for purposes connected with the matters aforesaid. Statute book chapter C.52 Territorial extent England and Wales, Scotland Dates Royal Assent 29 July 1938 Other legislation Repealing legislation Coal Industry Nationalisation Act 1946
Mines (Working Facilities and Support) Act 1966
Coal Industry Act 1975
Coal Industry Act 1994
Status: Repealed Text of statute as originally enacted Official text of the Coal Act 1938 as in force today (including any amendments) within the United Kingdom, from the UK Statute Law Database
The Coal Act 1938 (C.52) was an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom that created the Coal Commission. Criticized for its inconsistencies, the act was repealed, by degrees, over the next several decades.
The main purpose of the Act was to create a Coal Commission, consisting of five people (including a chairman) appointed by the Board of Trade. The Commission was required to obey all requests of the Board of Trade that were in the "national interest", making it directly under the control of the government of the day. From 1 July 1942 all unworked coal seams and coal mines came into the control of the Commission, who were tasked with managing them in "the interests efficiency and better organisation of the Coal Mining Industry". The Commission was directly prohibited from engaging in coal mining, and as a result owned all the coal but was not allowed to deal with it.
The Act set a sum of £66,450,000 (worth approximately £3,145,060,000 as of 2011) to be paid to the owners of mines and coal seams as compensation. The amount was divided up per region so that, for example, a Yorkshire coal owner would claim from the Yorkshire Coalfield division of the Central Valuation Board. The Act was criticised by academics as a piece of socialist legislation passed by a conservative government, which as a result contained so many amendments, provisos and limitations that it was in many ways unworkable. As an example, the Commission was allowed to open up new underground workings, but was prohibited from disturbing the surface of the ground. It was repealed over several decades by the Coal Industry Nationalisation Act 1946, the Mines (Working Facilities and Support) Act 1966, the Coal Industry Act 1975 and the Coal Industry Act 1994.
- ^ Lang (1939) p.301
- ^ UK CPI inflation numbers based on data available from Lawrence H. Officer (2010) "What Were the UK Earnings and Prices Then?" MeasuringWorth.
- ^ Lang (1939) p.302
- ^ Lang (1939) p.303
- ^ "LexisLibrary: Document". LexisNexis. http://www.lexisnexis.com/uk/legal/docview/getDocForCuiReq?lni=4ST8-61N0-TWPY-Y07M&csi=274768&oc=00240. Retrieved 2009-10-30.
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Coal Commission — The Coal Commission was a United Kingdom government agency, created to own and manage coal reserves. It was set up in 1938 and ceased to operate on 1 January 1947. History The Commission was constituted under the Coal Act 1938. The Act provided… … Wikipedia
coal mining — Coal was very important in the economic development of Britain. It was used as fuel in the factories built during the Industrial Revolution and continued to be important until the 1980s. The main coalfields are in north east England, the north… … Universalium
Wright's Coal Tar Soap — Coal Tar Soap logo 1922 magazine advert Created by William Val … Wikipedia
Wrights Coal Tar Soap — Created by William Valentine Wright in 1860, Wright s Traditional Soap, or Wright s Coal Tar Soap, is a popular brand of antiseptic soap that is designed to thoughly cleanse the skin. It is an orange colour. History For over 130 years, Wright’s… … Wikipedia
Guffey Coal Acts — Guffey Act Le Guffey Act, ou Guffey Coal Acts c est à dire « Lois Guffey sur le charbon », est une loi protectionniste adoptée en 1935 par le congrès des Etats Unis dans le cadre du New Deal de Franklin D. Roosevelt. Son nom provient de … Wikipédia en Français
Guffey Act — Le Guffey Act, ou Guffey Coal Acts c est à dire « Lois Guffey sur le charbon », est une loi protectionniste adoptée en 1935 par le congrès des Etats Unis dans le cadre du New Deal de Franklin D. Roosevelt. Son nom provient de Joseph… … Wikipédia en Français
Jewell Ridge Coal Corp. v. United Mine Workers of America — SCOTUSCase Litigants=Jewell Ridge Coal Corp. v. United Mine Workers of America ArgueDate=March 9 ArgueYear=1945 DecideDate=May 7 DecideYear=1945 FullName=Jewell Ridge Coal Corporation v. Local No. 6167, United Mine Workers Of America, et al.… … Wikipedia
Natural Gas Act of 1938 — Related Laws Federal Power Act of 1935 Relevant Court Cases FPC V. NATURAL GAS PIPELINE CO., 315 U. S. 575 (1942) The Natural Gas Act of 1938 was the first occurrence of the United States federal government regulating the natural gas industry. It … Wikipedia
National Industrial Recovery Act — Front page of the National Industrial Recovery Act, as signed by President Franklin D. Roosevelt on June 16, 1933. The National Industrial Recovery Act (NIRA), officially known as the Act of June 16, 1933 (Ch. 90, 48 Stat. 195, formerly codified… … Wikipedia
National Labor Relations Act — President Franklin Delano Roosevelt signs the act on July 9, 1935. Secretary of Labor Frances Perkins (right) looks on. The National Labor Relations Act or Wagner Act (after its sponsor, New York Senator Robert F. Wagner) (Pub.L. 74 198,… … Wikipedia