Climate of New Zealand


Climate of New Zealand

The climate of New Zealand is mostly cool temperate to warm temperate with a strong maritime influence.

Contents

Weather

The Meteorological Service of New Zealand Limited (MetService), established as a State-Owned Enterprise in 1992, issues weather forecasts and official weather warnings.

Rainfall

New Zealand climates range from semi-arid in Central Otago, with around 300 mm of rain a year, to decidedly wet (up to 8000 mm) in places west of the Southern Alps. Most New Zealand cities receive between 650 mm (as in Christchurch) and 1500 mm (Whangarei) of precipitation annually.[1]

Temperature

Summer: In the mid-twenties Celsius over most of the country. May rise to 30°C in the east, often due to the Fohn winds.

Winter: Generally between ten and fifteen Celsius in the North Island, five and ten Celsius in the South Island. The lowest temperature ever recorded was -25.6°C at Ranfurly in Otago in 1903.[2]


Tropical cyclones

New Zealand is hit by a tropical cyclone once every eight to nine years. Cyclone Bola was one of the costliest cyclones in the history of New Zealand, causing severe damage as an extratropical cyclone when it passed near the country in March 1988.

Statistics

By area

Auckland
Climate chart (explanation)
J F M A M J J A S O N D
 
 
75
 
23
15
 
 
65
 
24
16
 
 
94
 
22
15
 
 
105
 
20
12
 
 
103
 
17
10
 
 
139
 
15
8
 
 
146
 
15
7
 
 
121
 
15
8
 
 
116
 
16
9
 
 
91
 
18
11
 
 
93
 
20
12
 
 
91
 
22
14
Average max. and min. temperatures in °C
Precipitation totals in mm
Hamilton
Climate chart (explanation)
J F M A M J J A S O N D
 
 
85
 
24
13
 
 
71
 
24
13
 
 
87
 
23
12
 
 
95
 
20
9
 
 
102
 
17
7
 
 
119
 
14
5
 
 
126
 
14
4
 
 
117
 
15
5
 
 
102
 
16
7
 
 
96
 
18
8
 
 
93
 
20
10
 
 
95
 
22
12
Average max. and min. temperatures in °C
Precipitation totals in mm
Taupo
Climate chart (explanation)
J F M A M J J A S O N D
 
 
85
 
23
12
 
 
77
 
23
12
 
 
83
 
21
10
 
 
74
 
18
7
 
 
87
 
14
5
 
 
99
 
12
3
 
 
105
 
11
2
 
 
109
 
12
3
 
 
90
 
14
5
 
 
102
 
17
7
 
 
85
 
19
8
 
 
108
 
21
10
Average max. and min. temperatures in °C
Precipitation totals in mm
Napier
Climate chart (explanation)
J F M A M J J A S O N D
 
 
48
 
24
15
 
 
62
 
24
15
 
 
85
 
23
13
 
 
75
 
20
10
 
 
62
 
17
7
 
 
81
 
15
5
 
 
92
 
14
5
 
 
67
 
15
5
 
 
65
 
17
7
 
 
55
 
19
9
 
 
57
 
21
11
 
 
56
 
23
13
Average max. and min. temperatures in °C
Precipitation totals in mm
Wellington
Climate chart (explanation)
J F M A M J J A S O N D
 
 
72
 
20
13
 
 
62
 
21
14
 
 
92
 
19
13
 
 
100
 
17
11
 
 
117
 
14
9
 
 
147
 
12
7
 
 
136
 
11
6
 
 
123
 
12
7
 
 
100
 
14
8
 
 
115
 
15
9
 
 
99
 
17
10
 
 
86
 
19
12
Average max. and min. temperatures in °C
Precipitation totals in mm
Nelson
Climate chart (explanation)
J F M A M J J A S O N D
 
 
72
 
22
13
 
 
57
 
22
13
 
 
78
 
21
11
 
 
86
 
18
8
 
 
77
 
15
5
 
 
85
 
13
2
 
 
86
 
12
2
 
 
90
 
13
3
 
 
73
 
15
5
 
 
92
 
17
8
 
 
82
 
19
10
 
 
75
 
21
12
Average max. and min. temperatures in °C
Precipitation totals in mm
Hokitika
Climate chart (explanation)
J F M A M J J A S O N D
 
 
250
 
19
12
 
 
172
 
20
12
 
 
217
 
19
11
 
 
249
 
17
8
 
 
245
 
14
6
 
 
233
 
12
4
 
 
232
 
12
3
 
 
224
 
13
4
 
 
250
 
14
6
 
 
286
 
15
7
 
 
240
 
17
9
 
 
278
 
18
11
Average max. and min. temperatures in °C
Precipitation totals in mm
Christchurch
Climate chart (explanation)
J F M A M J J A S O N D
 
 
42
 
23
12
 
 
39
 
22
12
 
 
54
 
20
11
 
 
54
 
18
8
 
 
56
 
15
5
 
 
66
 
12
2
 
 
79
 
11
2
 
 
69
 
12
3
 
 
47
 
15
5
 
 
53
 
17
7
 
 
44
 
19
9
 
 
49
 
21
11
Average max. and min. temperatures in °C
Precipitation totals in mm
Alexandra
Climate chart (explanation)
J F M A M J J A S O N D
 
 
29
 
24
11
 
 
22
 
24
11
 
 
40
 
22
9
 
 
34
 
18
5
 
 
35
 
12
2
 
 
26
 
8
−2
 
 
23
 
8
−2
 
 
24
 
11
0
 
 
27
 
15
3
 
 
41
 
18
6
 
 
26
 
20
8
 
 
43
 
22
10
Average max. and min. temperatures in °C
Precipitation totals in mm
Dunedin
Climate chart (explanation)
J F M A M J J A S O N D
 
 
73
 
19
11
 
 
59
 
19
11
 
 
70
 
18
10
 
 
62
 
15
8
 
 
67
 
13
6
 
 
68
 
10
4
 
 
61
 
10
3
 
 
55
 
11
4
 
 
48
 
13
6
 
 
64
 
15
7
 
 
67
 
16
9
 
 
76
 
18
10
Average max. and min. temperatures in °C
Precipitation totals in mm

[3]


See also

References

Further reading

External links


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