- Pacifica Radio
network_name = Pacifica Radio Network
network_type = Public radio network
country = USA
founded = 1946
foundation = Pacifica Foundation
owner = Pacifica Foundation, Inc
launch_date = 1949
World Radio Network
website = [http://www.pacificafoundation.org/ www.pacificafoundation.org]
Pacifica Radio is a network of five independently operated, non-commercial, listener-supported
radio stations in the United Statesthat is known for its progressive political orientation. The network also includes under its umbrella one "associated" station, and over 100 affiliated radio stations; some other U.S. and Canadian community radio stations also carry some Pacifica programming. Pacifica was the first public radio network in the United States; it is operated by the Pacifica Foundation, with national headquarters adjoining station KPFAin Berkeley, California.
The Pacifica Radio Archives, housed at station
KPFKin Los Angeles, is the nation's oldest public radio archive, documenting more than five decades of grassroots political, cultural, and performing arts history. The archive includes original recordings of interviews with John Coltrane, James Baldwin, Lorraine Hansberry, and Langston Hughes, among many others.
Pacifica was founded in 1946 by pacifist
Lewis Hill. During World War IIHill filed for conscientious objectorstatus. After the war Hill and a small group of ex-conscientious-objectors created the Pacifica Foundation. On air broadcasting at KPFAin Berkeley, Californiacommenced in 1949.
Internal conflict, 1990s-2002
For most of its history, Pacifica gave each of its stations independent control of programming. Then, during the 1990s, a major controversy arose over rumors that the Pacifica National Board and national staff were attempting to centralize control of content, in order to increase listenership. The rumors also included accusations that the board also proposed changing the network's funding model away from reliance on listener donations and toward corporate foundation funding. There were also accusations that the Board was considering selling both
KPFAin Berkeley, Californiaand WBAIin New York City, which operate on commercial broadcast channels, and whose frequencies are worth hundreds of millions of dollars. This led to years of conflict, including court cases, firings and strikes of station staff, and public demonstrations. Many listeners to the individual stations — especially KPFA and WBAI — objected to what they saw as an attempt to tone down the overtly political content on Pacifica stations. The controversy included highly publicized disputes between listener organizations and Mary Frances Berry, the radio network's board chair.
The board eventually was embroiled in counter lawsuits by boardmembers and listener-sponsors, and after global settlement of the lawsuits in November, 2001, an interim board was formed to craft new bylaws, which it did in two tumultuous years of national debates among thousands of listener-sponsors and activists, finally giving listener-sponsors the right and responsibility to elect new Local Station Boards at each of the five Pacifica stations. These local boards in turn elect the national board of directors. Aside from some minor changes, the same 2003 bylaws remain in effect today.
Recent history, 2000s
Pacifica National News director
Dan Coughlinwas voted Interim Executive Director of the network in 2002 (the "Interim" was later dropped). But the years of internal legal battles and financial mismanagement had taken a toll. In 2005, Coughlin resigned, the network was still largely disorganized, and Pacifica reverted to operating with an interim executive director for most of the year.
In January 2006, Pacifica hired
Greg Gumaas the next executive director of the Pacifica Foundation. By the end of the year, it had fully recovered its financial health and had launched two new national programs: "Informativo Pacifica", a daily Spanish Language newcast, and "From the Vault", a weekly program drawn from Pacifica's extensive audio archives. Pacifica also produced "Informed Dissent", a 10-week series for the 2006 mid-term elections that drew from talent across the network.
Guma left his post in September 2007 [http://video.google.com/videoplay?docid=1299528035837796976&hl=en] . The National Board unanimously chose former KPFA General Manager
Nicole Sawayaas the next Executive Director. Sawaya was among the staff members fired by the national board in 1999 amidst Pacifica's internal crisis. Sawaya began her tenure as Executive Director in mid-November 2007, but abruptly changed her mind two weeks later. Pacifica historian Matthew Lasar said she "found the level of internecine dysfunction at Pacifica overwhelming, and fled her job." [http://www.lasarletter.net/drupal/node/529] The Pacifica National Board spent the next several months negotiating with her, and Sawaya resumed her job on March 5, 2008. She resigned effective September 30 [http://www.current.org/2008/09/sawaya-leaves-pacifica-publishes.html] , citing "dysfunctional” governance and “shoddy and opaque” business practices that had plunged the organization into a financial crisis.
*In 2007, the FCC announced that it would accept new applications for non-commercial radio licenses for the first time in more than a decade. In response, Pacifica joined forces with other advocates for independent media in the "Radio for People" campaign, helping local groups apply for these full-power licenses.
*Pacifica has expanded its schedule of national special broadcasts, distributing more audio documentaries, covering the Attorney General
Alberto Gonzaleshearings live, and sending production teams to the United States Social Forumand the National Conference for Media Reform.
*Pacifica expanded its offerings in multiple media platforms, using "
Web 2.0" technology. In September 2007, one interactive website, KPFA's [http://www.warcomeshome.org Warcomeshome.org,] began to offer hard-hitting stories from reporter Aaron Glantzabout the human costs of the Iraq War, as well as innovative ways of contributing to, and distributing information about, the impact of the conflict.
*Pacifica has announced that it will suspend regular programming for three days in order to air a live broadcast of the
Iraq WarWinter Soldier event in Silver Spring, Marylandfrom March 14through March 16, 2008. The broadcast will be co-anchored by journalist Aaron Glantzand KPFAMorning Show host Aimee Allison. [ [http://warcomeshome.org/wintersoldier2008 "Pacifica Radio to Broadcast the Historic Winter Soldier Gathering"] ]
A show which has for years been considered the flagship of Pacifica Radio's national programming is "
Democracy Now!," an independent talk show that covers democracy, human rightsand justiceissues, and questions the motives of U.S. foreign and domestic policy. Hosted by Amy Goodmanand Juan González, this program is a compilation of news, interviews, and documentaries. "Democracy Now!" is heard and seen on more than 700 radio and TV stations across the U.S. including public-access televisionstations and satellite television channels Free Speech TVand Link TV.
In 2002, as Pacifica implemented its new listener-sponsor-accountability structure and as Pacifica and "Democracy Now!" settled outstanding disputes from previous years, it spun off with substantial funding from Pacifica to become an independent production.
The Pacifica network, in addition to extensive community-based productions at its various stations around the United States, also features a daily newscast "
Free Speech Radio News." "FSRN" is a radio program founded by Pacifica Reporters Against Censorship, a group of mostly "Pacifica Network News" reporters who went on strike against the Pacifica board policies of the late 1990s. "FSRN" is primarily funded by Pacifica, and includes headlines and news features produced by reporters based around the US and in scores of countries around the world.
In 2006, Pacifica added two new national programs: "From the Vault" from the Pacifica Radio Archives, a weekly program that thematically repackages archival material, making it relevant to contemporary listeners; and "
Informativo Pacifica", based at KPFKin Los Angeles, a daily Spanish-language newscast that includes reporters from the US and many Latin American countries.
Like many media outlets, Pacifica is devoting coverage to the 2008 Presidential and Congressional elections. In February, it launched "
Election Unspun", [http://electionunspun.org] a daily news module that provides election headlines, features, and analysis.
Local Pacifica stations also produce many programs that are available to network stations and affiliates. These include: "Sprouts", a weekly showcase of producers and stations around the network, often in documentary format; "
Explorations in Science" with Dr. Michio Kaku, a weekly radio program on science, politics, and the environment; Dennis Bernstein's "Flashpoints" a daily drive-time public affairs program; and many other regular programs.
Pacifica also produces a wide variety of special broadcasts. These include live coverage of major US Congressional hearings, national mobilizations against war, and other important events like the
United States Social Forum. Special programs also include news documentaries, holidays & commemorations, and archival audio from the Pacifica Radio Archives.
Board of directors
KPFA Bonnie Simmons
KPFTDr. Evelyn Serwa Bethune
*WMXP Efia Nwangaza*
F.C.C. v. Pacifica Foundation
List of Pacifica Radio Stations and Affiliates
*Lasar, Matthew, "Pacifica Radio: The Rise of an Alternative Network,"
Temple University Press, April, 2000. ISBN 1-56639-777-4
*Lasar, Matthew, "Uneasy Listening: Pacifica Radio's Civil War," Black Apollo, October, 2005. ISBN 1-900355-45-0
*Walker, Jesse, "Rebels on the Air: An Alternative History of Radio in America,"
New York University Press, June, 2004
* [http://pacifica.org/ Pacifica.org]
* [http://pacificanetwork.org/ Pacifica Network stations and affiliates]
* [http://www.pacificaradioarchives.org/ Pacifica Radio Archives]
* [http://www.democracynow.org "Democracy Now!"]
* [http://www.fsrn.org/ "Free Speech Radio News"]
* [http://www.whitings-writings.com/lengthening_shadow.htm The Lengthening Shadow: Lewis Hill and the Origins of Listener-Sponsored Radio in America]
* [http://www.radioforpeople.org Radio for People]
* [http://www.kpfahistory.info KPFA: A Historical Footnote (Seventy five hours of programs and interviews from the 1960s)]
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Pacifica Radio — ist das älteste nichtkommerzielle Radio Network in den Vereinigten Staaten. Es handelt sich um eine Gruppe von fünf unabhängigen Hörfunksendern, welche für ihre progressive politische Ausrichtung bekannt sind. Das Network wird von der Pacifica… … Deutsch Wikipedia
List of Pacifica Radio stations and affiliates — Current list of Pacifica Radio owned and operated stations, associated stations, and affiliate stations. tations*1KPFB rebroadcasts KPFA for 99% of its schedule. *2Associate Station KFCF rebroadcasts KPFA for 85% of its schedule. *3WVJW was… … Wikipedia
Pacifica — may refer to:Places* Pacifica, California, a city in the United States ** Pacifica Pier * Pacifica High School (Oxnard, California)Media* Pacifica Radio, a non commercial radio network in the United States, founded on the principles of pacifism * … Wikipedia
Radio Disney — Type Radio network Country … Wikipedia
Radio Prague — (Český rozhlas 7) Type Radio network Country … Wikipedia
Radio AAHS — (sometimes misspelled as Radio Oz ) was a radio network managed by the Children s Broadcasting Corporation. Its flagship station was WWTC AM 1280 in Minneapolis, which broadcast from the former First Federal Bank building at Highway 100 and… … Wikipedia
Radio documentary — Recording studio in Germany (WDR, 1954) A radio documentary or feature is a purely acoustic performance devoted to covering a particular topic in some depth, usually with a mixture of commentary and sound pictures. It is broadcast on radio or… … Wikipedia
Pacifica, California — Infobox Settlement official name = Pacifica, California other name = native name = nickname = P town settlement type = City motto = imagesize = image caption = flag size = image seal size = 50 image shield = shield size = image blank emblem =… … Wikipedia
Pacifica High School (Oxnard, California) — Infobox School | name = Pacifica High School |150px motto = Home of the Tritons established = 2001 type = Public principal = William Dabbs faculty = 130 enrollment = approx. 3,400 (07 08) nicknames = The Jail House free label = Colors Mascot free … Wikipedia
China Radio International — Radio Beijing redirects here. For the municipal radio station (Radio Beijing Corporation), see Beijing Renmin Guangbo Diantai. China Radio International City of license Beijing Broadcast area Worldwide First air date December 3, 1941 … Wikipedia